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|Syed Muhammad Qasim Razvi|
Latur, Hyderabad State, India
|Died||15 January 1970
Karachi, Pakistan at seventh Day Hospital Karachi.Buried at Papoosh Nagar graveyard Karachi.
|Occupation||Lawyer . Chief, Razakars|
|Children||Sarwar Sultana,Syed Ahmed Kazim Razvi,Syed Ahmed Asif Razvi, Syed Ahmed Arif Razvi,Zakia,Fouzia,Razia,Tayyaba,Syed Ahmed Nasir Razvi, Syed Ahmed Farooq Razvi|
|Parent(s)||Syed Ahmad Khan Razvi|
Syed Kasim Razvi also Qasim Razvi was a powerful politician who headed the Razakars militia in the princely state of Hyderabad. Razvi supported the Nizam of Hyderabad's resistance to acceding to India and ordered the Razakars to fight against the Indian forces during Operation Polo, on behalf of the Nizam.
The princely State of Hyderabad was an absolute monarchy. The Nizam, essentially a vassal ruled by the, even though the population of the state was mostly Hindu. Mr.Kasim Razvi was a high court advocate who rose to prominence in the Razakars and became its leader soon after the death of Bahadur Yar Jang. He was a close ally of the prime minister of the state, Mir Laiq Ali, and soon became an influential adviser to the Nizam.
The Razakars were Muslim separatists who advocated the continuation of Nizam's rule and convincing the Nizam to aceed to pakistan . After accession to Pakistan proved impossible owing to the Hindu-majority population and the distance of Hyderabad from Pakistan, Razvi encouraged the Nizam to take a hardline stance and ordered the Razakars to resist the accession of Hyderabad to the newly formed Government of India. Razvi even traveled to Delhi and had a stormy meeting with Indian leader Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. He was one of the founders of Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen, a political party intended for the uplift of Muslims. He is quoted to have said "Death with the sword in hand, is always preferable to execution by a mere stroke of the pen", prompting the Indian government to call him the "Nizam's Frankenstein monster". P. V. Kate characterizes him as a religious fanatic who "insisted on the right of Muslims to enslave the Hindu". He was also implicated in the murder of patriotic Muslims such as Shoebullah Khan who condemned Razvi's Razakars and advocated merger with India. Razvi launched criminal attacks on the Hindu population, leading to the Police Action by India.
After Operation Polo, in which the Indian Army defeated the Razakars and annexed Hyderabad into India, Razvi was placed under house arrest and tried under Indian laws on seditious activities and inciting communal violence. He was jailed from 1948 to 1957. He agreed to migrate to Pakistan as a condition of his release from prison, where he died in obscurity in 1970. His family had been residing there since 1949.
Early life and family
- "Holding them captive?" at the Wayback Machine (archived 29 July 2003) opinion in The Hindu 27 April 2003
- Patel: A Life by Rajmohan Gandhi
- "Kasim Razvi who founded the Razakars hailed from Latur in Marathwada". DNA India. 20 October 2014.
- "Hidden history of the Owaisis: What MIM doesn't want you to know".
- Robert Lubar "Hyderabad: The Holdout" Time 30 August 1948
- Kate, P. V., Marathwada Under the Nizams, 1724-1948, Delhi: Mittal Publications, 1987, p.75
- Rao, P.R., History and Culture of Andhra Pradesh: From the Earliest Times to 1991, New Delhi: Sterling Publishers, 2012. p.284