Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr

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For the Islamic prophet Muhammad's son, see Qasim ibn Muhammad. For the Saudi province, see Al-Qassim Province.
Al-Qāsim ibn Muhammad ibn
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq
Born 36 or 38 AH
Died 106 AH,[1] 108 AH[2]
Era Islamic golden age
Region Muslim scholar
Main interest(s) hadith, fiqh and tafsir[2]
The Seven
Fuqaha of Medina

Al-Qāsim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (Arabic: قاسم بن محمد‎) (born 36 or 38 AH; died 106 AH [1] or 108 AH (corresponding to c. 660/662 and 728/730 AD)[2]) was an important jurist in early Islam. He is considered the fourth in the Naqshbandi Golden Chain of Sufi masters. Naqshbandis also consider him to have passed the chain to his grandson Ja'far al-Sadiq. Al-Qāsim shouldn't be confused with Muhammad's son Qasim ibn Muhammad.

Biography[edit]

Al-Qāsim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr was born on a Thursday, in the holy month of Ramadan, on 36 / 38 AH (approximately).

Family[edit]

Shaykh Qāsim ibn Muhammad descended from Abu Bakr on his father’s side and from Ali ibn Abi Talib on his mother’s side. He was the grandson of the first Caliph Abu Bakr, and the son of Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr, one of Ali's earliest supporters. Moreover, his daughter Farwah bint al-Qasim was the mother of the sixth Shi'a Imam, Ja'far as-Sadiq. One of his sons was Abdu r-Rahman. Besides, he was the nephew of Aishah bint Abi Bakr.[2]

Life[edit]

Aisha lived a very long time and taught her nephew Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr. Many Hadith are quoted through Qasim.

Al-Qāsim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr was one of the seven most famous jurists in Medina, and was considered as the most knowledgeable among them. He was highly influential in disseminating early traditions of hadith, fiqh (jurisprudence) and tafsir (exegesis) of the Qur'an.

He was a pious imam and was very knowledgeable in the narration of the Traditions. Abu Zannad said, “I never saw anyone better than him in following the Sunnah of the Prophet (s). In our time no one is considered perfect until he is perfect in following the Sunnah of the Prophet and Qasim is one of the perfected men.”

He learned hadith and fiqh from his aunt and from Ibn Abbas. He was a transmitter of hadith and criticised the use of a hadith if its text was put before the Quran and established Sunnah.[2]

He was among The Seven Fuqaha of Medina[2] who were largely responsible for the transmission of knowledge from Medina and were the source of much of the information of Islam and the Sunnah available today.

He left and went to al-Qudayd, a place between Makkah and Madinah on the 9th of Muharram, where he died. The year was 108 (or 109) AH/730 or 731 CE, and he was seventy years old.

Abdu r-Rahman ibn Abi Zannad said that his father mentioned, “I did not see anyone who knew the Sunnah better than al-Qasim.”

According to the 11th-century Hilyat al-Awliya: “He was able to extract the deepest juristic rulings and he was supreme in manners and ethics.”

Imam Malik narrated that Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz, considered the sixth rightly-guided caliph (after Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, Ali and Hasan) said, “If it were in my hands, I would have made al-Qasim the caliph in my time.”

Sufyan said, “Some people came to al-Qasim with charity which he distributed. After he distributed it, he went to pray. While he was praying, the people began to speak negatively about him. His son said to them, ‘You are speaking behind the back of a man who distributed your charity and did not take one dirham from it for himself.’ Quickly his father scolded him saying, ‘Do not speak, but keep quiet.’” He wanted to teach his son not to defend him, as his only desire was to please God. He had no concern for the opinion of people.

Yahya ibn Sayyid said, “We never found, in our time in Madinah, anyone better than al-Qasim.” Ayyub as-Saqityani said, “I have not seen anyone better than Imam Qasim. He left 100,000 dinars behind for the poor when he passed away, and it was all from his lawful earnings.”

Legacy[edit]

His student, Abu'z-Zinad 'Abdullah ibn Dhakwan said about him:[2]

"I never saw a faqih with more knowledge than al-Qasim. I never saw anyone who had more knowledge of the Sunna than him."

The Sunni Imam Malik related that Umar Ibn Abdul-Aziz said:[2]

"If I had authority in the matter, I would appoint the blind one of Banu Taym," meaning al-Qasim ibn Muhammad.

Early Islam scholars[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Classical Islam and the Naqshbandi Sufi Tradition, Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani, Islamic Supreme Council of America (June 2004), ISBN 1-930409-23-0.
  • The Approach of Armageddon: An Islamic Perspective, Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani ", (June 2003), ISBN 1-930409-20-6.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Biography of Imam Al Qasim Ibn Muhammad by www.at-tawhid.net
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j The Four Imams by Muhammad Abu Zahrah, chapter on Imam Malik
  3. ^ The Quran
  4. ^ The Great Fiqh
  5. ^ Al-Muwatta'
  6. ^ a b Sahih al-Bukhari
  7. ^ Sahih Muslim
  8. ^ Jami` at-Tirmidhi
  9. ^ Mishkât Al-Anwar
  10. ^ The Niche for Lights
  11. ^ a b Women in Islam: An Indonesian Perspective by Syafiq Hasyim. Page 67
  12. ^ ulama, bewley.virtualave.net
  13. ^ a b 1.Proof & Historiography - The Islamic Evidence. theislamicevidence.webs.com
  14. ^ Atlas Al-sīrah Al-Nabawīyah. Darussalam, 2004. Pg 270
  15. ^ Umar Ibn Abdul Aziz by Imam Abu Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Hakam died 829
  16. ^ The Quran
  17. ^ The Great Fiqh
  18. ^ Al-Muwatta'
  19. ^ Sahih Muslim
  20. ^ Jami` at-Tirmidhi
  21. ^ Mishkât Al-Anwar
  22. ^ The Niche for Lights
  23. ^ ulama, bewley.virtualave.net
  24. ^ Atlas Al-sīrah Al-Nabawīyah. Darussalam, 2004. Pg 270
  25. ^ Umar Ibn Abdul Aziz by Imam Abu Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Hakam died 829