Qatar Armed Forces
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2009)|
|Qatar Armed Forces
Emblem of Qatar
|Commander-in-Chief||Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani|
|Minister of Defence||Major General Hamad Bin Ali Al Attiyah|
|Chief of General Staff||Major General Ghanem bin Shaheen Al-Ghanem|
|Military age||18 years of age|
|389,487 males, age 15–49 (2010 est.),
165,572 females, age 15–49 (2010 est.)
|321,974 males, age 15–49 (2010 est.),
140,176 females, age 15–49 (2010 est.)
|6,429 males (2010 est.),
5,162 females (2010 est.)
11,800 total personnel
|Budget||US$1.913 billion (2010)|
|Percent of GDP||1.5% (2010)|
Libyan Civil War
The Qatar Armed Forces are the military forces of Qatar. The country maintains a modest military force of approximately 11,800 men, including an army (8,500), navy (1,800) and air force (1,500). Qatar's defence expenditures were a total of $1.913 billion, about 1.5% of the national GDP, as of 2010 according to the SIPRI. Qatar has recently signed defence pacts with the United States in 2002 and 2013 and with the United Kingdom, as well as with France earlier in 1994. Qatar plays an active role in the collective defence efforts of the Gulf Cooperation Council; the other five members are Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, the UAE, and Oman. The presence of a large American military base in the country provides the country with a guaranteed source of defence and national security. SIPRI states that Qatar's plans to transform and significantly enlarge its armed forces have accelerated in 2014, and in 2010-14 Qatar was the 46th largest arms importer in the world. Orders in 2013 for 62 tanks and 24 self-propelled guns from Germany were followed in 2014 by a number of other contracts, including 24 combat helicopters and 3 AEW aircraft from the USA, and 2 tanker aircraft from Spain.
- 1 History
- 2 Army
- 3 Qatar Emiri Air Force
- 4 Navy
- 5 References
- 6 See also
In July 2008, the US Defence Security Cooperation Agency announced Qatar’s official request for logistics support, training, and associated equipment and services. The total value of the support arrangements could be as high as $400 million.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (May 2015)|
The Qatar Emiri Land Force is the largest branch of the Qatar Armed Forces. Qatar maintains a modest military force of approximately 11,800 men; the army is made of 8,500 men. The lack of sufficient indigenous manpower to staff the army is a continuing problem, Qatari citizens constitute only 30 percent of the army, in which more than twenty nationalities are represented.
Initially outfitted with British weaponry, Qatar shifted much of its procurement to France during the 1980s in response to French efforts to develop closer relations. The tank battalion is equipped with French-built AMX-30 main battle tanks. Other armored vehicles include French AMX-10P APCs and the French VAB, adopted as the standard wheeled combat vehicle. The artillery unit has a few French 155mm self-propelled howitzers. The principal antitank weapons are French Milan and HOT wire-guided missiles.
Qatar had also illicitly acquired a few Stinger shoulder-fired SAMs, possibly from Afghan rebel groups, at a time when the United States was trying to maintain tight controls on Stingers in the Middle East. When Qatar refused to turn over the missiles, the United States Senate in 1988 imposed a ban on the sale of all weapons to Qatar. The ban was repealed in late 1990 when Qatar satisfactorily accounted for its disposition of the Stingers.
Qatari tank battalion fought in the Gulf war in 1991, their AMX-30's took part in the battle of Khafji. Qatari contingent, composed mostly of Pakistani recruits, acquitted itself well during the war.
Qatar signed a contract with the German defence company Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW) for the delivery of 24 artillery systems PzH 2000 and 62 LEOPARD 2 main battle tanks.
The US DSCA announces that Qatar wants to join its neighbor the UAE, and field 2 medium-range THAAD batteries of its own.
Their request is worth up to $6.5 billion, and includes up to 12 THAAD Launchers, 150 THAAD missiles, 2 THAAD Fire Control and Communications units, 2 AN/TPY-2 THAAD Radars, and 1 Early Warning Radar (EWR). The USA would also sell them the required trucks, generators, electrical power units, trailers, communications equipment, fire unit test & maintenance equipment, system integration and checkout, repair and return, training, and other support.
Major Army units
- 1x Armored Brigade (1x armd battalion,1x mech battalion,1x arty battalion)
- 4x Mechanized Battalions
- 1x Royal Guard Brigade (3x Inf.battalions)
- 1x Special Forces Battalion
- 2x Artillery Battalions
Tanks and vehicles
- 62x Leopard 2A7+ on order (option for up to 118 in total)
- 30-44x AMX-30 MBT - to be replaced by Leopard 2
- 1x AMX-30D Recovery tank
- 36x MOWAG Piranha MK-II 8x8 CCTS-90mm turret
- 4x MOWAG Piranha ARVs-recovery
- 40x AMX-10P IFV
- 158x Renault Trucks VAB 6x6 APC
- 4x Renault Trucks VAB\VPM-81 4x4 APC with 81mm mortar
- 24x Renault Trucks VAB 4x4\6x6 VCAC-HOT APC with MBDA HOT anti tank missile launcher
- 32 Fennek light armored reconnaissance vehicles, on order
- 27x Renault Sherpa 2 Light tactical vehicle
- 12x Giat AMX-10RC 105mm 6x6 ARV
- 30x Giat AMX-VCI IFV
- 8x Cadilac LAV V150 Commando 4x4 APC
- 6x AM General Humvee M1115A2 4x4
- 16x VBL 4x4 APC
- 32x Engesa EE-9 Cascavel 90mm 6x6 ARV
- 10x Daimler FV-701 Ferret 4x4 ARV -Status unknown
- 30x Alvis FV-603 Saracen 6x6 APC -Status unknown
- 5x Shepra APC
- Mercedes Benz Unimog U-4000\U-5000 trucks
- Iveco Stralis trucks
- 20x Thyssen Henschel UR-416 4x4 APC
- C4I System
Artillery and anti tank missiles
- 24x PzH 2000 self-propelled howitzer on order
- 12x G5 howitzer 155mm towed howitzer - to be replaced by PzH 2000
- 30x L16 81mm Mortar
- 15x Brandt 120mm heavy mortar
- 18x Astros II MLRS SS-40\30 180mm\127mm MRLs with SS-30\40\60\80 Rockets & 3x Astros AV UCF fire control radars
- 3x BM-21 Grad 122mm MRLs
- 40x Carl Gustav M2-550 84mm RCLs
- 48x MBDA HOT anti tank missile launchers with 1,000 missiles
- 100x MBDA MILAN anti tank missile launchers with 630 missiles
- Bofors AT4CS light ATRL
- Swingfire anti tank missile
- 50x FGM-148 Javelin CLUs with 500 anti tank missile on order
Surface to air missiles
- 9x Roland missile MK-II SP-SAM launchers with 200 missiles
- 7x MIM23B Adv. Hawk SAM launchers
- MIM-104 Patriot PAC-3 SAM launchers, on order $7 billion+ (10 batteries)
- 18x Rapier SAM launcher with 250 missiles & 6x Blindfire Radars
- 6x Blowpipe missile MANPADs launchers with 50 missiles
- 24x MBDA Mistral MANPADs launchers with 500 missiles
- 12x FIM92C Stinger MANPADs launchers with 60 missiles
- SA-7B Grail MANPADs
- Heckler & Koch HK4
- SIG Sauer P226
- S&W Model 10
- Heckler & Koch MP5A3
- Sterling MK-IV\L2A3
- 3,000x M16A-1
- 3,000x Colt CAR-15A1
- 100x Colt M4 carbine
- Heckler & Koch HK21
- 200x M203 grenade launcher, M203-PI
- Barrett M82A-1
- M2 Browning machine gun
- Valmet M76
- Valmet M62
- Heckler & Koch G3A3
- FN FAL 50-00
- FN MAG 60-00\T-14
- FN Minimi
- Mosberg Model-700
Qatar Emiri Air Force
The Qatar Emiri Air Force was formed in 1974, three years after achieving independence from Great Britain in 1971. Initially equipped with ex-RAF Hawker Hunters, the air force soon began expansion with six Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jets in 1979. Fourteen Dassault Mirage F1 were delivered between 1980-84. After the Gulf War, Qatar's air force infrastructure was upgraded by France for $200 million, leading to the order of nine single seat Mirage 2000-5DEA multi-role combat aircraft and three two seat Mirage 2000-5DDA combat trainers in August 1994. Deliveries started in December 1997, and involved the buy back of the remaining 11 Mirage F1s by France that were later sold on to Spain., The current commander of the Qatar Emiri Air Force is Brigadier General Mubarak Mohammed Al Kumait Al Khayarin.
British pilots in Oman remain on duty with the air force, and French specialists are employed in a maintenance capacity. Nevertheless, an increasing number of young Qataris have been trained as pilots and technicians.
Its units include:
- No. 1 Fighter Wing
- No. 2 Rotary Wing
- Qatar Amiri Flight – C-17 Globemaster III
Air Force equipment
|Dassault Mirage 2000||France||Multirole fighter||Mirage 2000-5||14||Operated by the 7th Air Superiority Squadron, first delivery 1997|
|Dassault Rafale||France||Multirole fighter||Rafale||0||18 single-seat and 6 two-seat versions on order (24)|
|Boeing 737 AEW&C||United States||Airborne early warning and control||Boeing 737 AEW/C||0||3 on order|
|Airbus A330 MRTT||Europe||Aerial refuelling and transport||A330 MRTT||0||2 on order|
|Dassault Falcon 900||France||VIP transport||2|
|Airbus 340||France||VIP transport||2|
|| United States
|Boeing C-17 Globemaster III||United States||Strategic air transport||C-17A||4|
|Boeing 707||United States||VIP transport||2|
|Boeing 727||United States||VIP transport||1|
|Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules||United States||Tactical air transport||C-130J-30||4||All entered service in 2011|
|Piper Cherokee||United States||Training and Liaison||PA-28 Archer||10|
|Piper PA-34 Seneca||United States||Training and Liaison||PA-34 Seneca||4|
|Pilatus PC-21||Switzerland||Basic & Advanced Trainer aircraft||PC-21||0||24 on order|
|Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jet||France||Advanced trainer/light attack||Alpha Jet E||6||Operated by the 6th Close Support Squadron|
|Boeing AH-64 Apache||United States||Attack helicopter||AH-64D||0||24 on order|
|NHIndustries NH90||Europe||Medium transport||NH-90||0||12 on order|
|NHIndustries NH90||Europe||Anti-submarine warfare (ASW) and Anti-surface unit warfare (ASuW)||NFH-90||0||10 on order|
|| United Kingdom
||3 (status unknown)
|Aérospatiale Gazelle||France||Utility/attack helicopter||SA 342G (12)/L (2)||14||Operated by 6th Close Support Squadron|
|Sikorsky UH-60R Sea Hawk
|| United States
|AgustaWestland AW139||Italy||18 Tactical transport, 3 medivac||21|
|Sikorsky S-92||United States||VIP transport||2|
|Westland Commando||United Kingdom||Transport/utility and maritime patrol helicopter||Commando 2A, 2C and 3 variants||12-13||Commando 2A/2C are operated by 9th Multirole Squadron
Commando 3 are operated by 8th Anti Surface Vessel Squadron
- 15 Dassault Mirage F1 DDA (3)\Mirage F-1EDA (12) France-sold to Spain.
- 4 Hawker Hunter FGA-78 (3) \T-79 (1) United Kingdom
- 2 BAC EEC Canberra B.2 United Kingdom-Loan from RAF
- 1 Vickers VC-10 United Kingdom
- 2 Westland Whirlwind WS-55 Srs-3 United Kingdom
- 144x MBDA Mica-RF France
- 272x MBDA Magic-II R.55O France
- Matra\MBDA R.530 France
- 128x MBDA AS-30L France
- 5x MBDA AM-39 Exocet France
- 225x Euromissile HOT ATGM (for SA-342 Attack Helicopters) France\ Germany
- 50x Apache Black Pearl ASM (for Mirage 2000-5) France
- In July 2008, Qatar’s Emiri Air Force signed a EUR 260 million (currently about $400 million) contract with AgustaWestland for 18 AW139 medium twin helicopters (formerly the AB139, until the Bell partnership dissolved in 2005). The helicopters will be used for utility tasks, troop transport, search and rescue, border patrol, special forces operations, law enforcement and homeland security. Three additional aircraft were ordered in March 2011 for Medivac services.
- As of January 2011, the Air Force is evaluating the Eurofighter Typhoon, the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II, the Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet, the Boeing F-15E and the Dassault Rafale to replace its current fighter inventory of Dassault Mirage 2000-5s. The total order will be between 24–36 aircraft with a procurement decision to be made by the end of 2012.
In May 2015, the Air Force signed a deal for 24 Dassault Rafale fighters worth €6.3 billion ($7 billion). This deal makes Qatar the third export customer for the fighter after Egypt and India.
The Defense Security Cooperation Agency notified Congress April 16 of a possible Foreign Military Sale to Kuwait for 1 C-17 Globemaster III aircraft and associated equipment, parts, training and logistical support for an estimated cost of $371 million.
Government of Qatar has signed an agreement with Boeing to buy additional four C-17 Globemaster III airlifters, aimed to support Qatar Armed Forces' (QAF) ongoing airlift requirements.
Qatar has a small 1,800-man navy, including its marine police force and coastal defence artillery. Since 1990, the Qatari Navy has increased its manpower.
- 4 Vosper patrol boats – 120 tons full load United Kingdom
- 4 Vosper Thornycroft Vita-class Fast Attack Craft – 480 tons full load – 8 x MM40 Exocet missiles (+8 Mistral SAMs), 1 x Goalkeeper gun, 1 x 76mm gun. United Kingdom
- 3 Combattante III Fast Attack Craft – 430 tons full load – 8 x MM40 Exocet missiles, 1 x 76mm gun, 2 x 40mm guns, 4 x 30mm guns France
- 6 Vosper 110 ft. class PCs United Kingdom
- 6 Damen Polycat 1,450 class PCs
- 2 Keith Nelson type 44 ft.class PCs
- 2 Fairey Marine Interceptor class PCs United Kingdom
- 4 MV-45 class PCs
- 25 Fairy Marine Spear class United Kingdom
- 5 P-1500 class PCs
- 4 DV-15 class PCs
- 3 Helmatic M-160 class PCs
- 1 Robha class LCT (3x MBTs\100 men)
- 2 Halmatic (Vosper Thornycroft) Pilot craft
- 4 Rotrork craft
Special Maritime Forces
- 11 fast interceptor boats Qatar
Missiles and Equipment
- MBDA Exocet MM40 Block-III (x70)\ MM-40 (x220)\ MM-38 SSMs France
- MBDA Mistral SAMs France
- 4x Goalkeeper anti missile\aircraft gun Netherlands
- 4x Stingeo ship sensor Netherlands
- 4x Exocet coast defense batteries France
- 4x 76\72 Compact-weapon system Italy
- 4x MMR-3D Radar France
The patrol boat program calls for the delivery of six patrol boats with the first unit beginning construction in 2012 and being delivered by 2014. Although the proposals for the corvette program are due in the near-term as well, AMI believes that the four corvettes may not begin construction for several more years as Damen/Nakilat may want to gain some experience with the smaller 62-meter patrol boat hulls prior to moving on the larger Sigma hulls. If the QENF wishes to move the corvette program forward to an earlier date, it could start some of the hull blocks at Nakilat and/or at Damen in the Netherlands much earlier.
The Qatar Coast Guard Services placed an order for 17 new fast patrol boast from Turkish company ARES Shipyard. The deal of 17 vessels consists in 10x "ARES 110 Hercules" multi-role patrol craft 117 tons, 5x "ARES 75 Hercules" multi-role patrol craft 58 tons and 2x "ARES 150 Hercules" multi-role patrol craft 245 tons. These Fast Patrol Boats will be constructed using advanced composite materials and are expected to be completed within the next 5 years.
March 31, 2014. Nakilat Damen Shipyards Qatar (NDSQ) and Qatar Armed Forces have signed two MoUs for the construction of seven vessels at Qatar’s premier shipyard ($851 million). The MoUs signed by NDSQ and Qatar Armed Forces concern six 50m-long axe-bow high-speed patrol vessels and one 52m-long diving support vessel for the Qatar Armed Forces. All vessels are highly sophisticated state-of-the-art naval ships built based on proven designs providing unparalleled seaworthiness. The diving support vessel includes decompression capabilities. A large Integrated Logistic Support package is also mentioned in the MoUs.
- "The SIPRI Military Expenditure Database". Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
- U.S. and Qatar Sign Pact to Update Bases, December 12, 2002
- Hagel Lifts Veil on Major Military Center in Qatar, New York Times
- "Trends in International Arms Transfer, 2014". www.sipri.org. Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- The Gulf War with the 401TFW/614TFS Lucky Devils. Lucky-devils.net. Retrieved on 2011-03-28.
- Qatar premier defends military participation. gulfnews.com (2011-03-22). Retrieved on 2013-09-26.
- "Gulf States Requesting ABM-Capable Systems". Defense Industry Daily. 2 October 2014. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- Qatar Orders 24 PzH 2000 Self-Propelled Howitzers and 62 Leopard 2 A7+ Main Battle Tanks - Deagel.com, April 18, 2013
- "Report: Qatar To Order 118 German Battle Tanks". Defense News. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "Qatar Qatari army land ground forces military equipment armoured armored vehicle intelligence UK - Army Recognition". Armyrecognition.com. 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2012-08-06.
- "Piranha II 2 90 mm gun Qatar Qatari army pictures photos images combat anti-tank wheeled armoured UK - Army Recognition - Army Recognition". Armyrecognition.com. 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2012-08-06.
- "The Wheeled Piranha Fighting Vehicle Family". Tanknutdave.com. 2011-11-24. Retrieved 2012-08-06.[dead link]
- "VAB (Vehicule de l'Avant Blinde) Wheeled Armoured Fighting Vehicle". Army Technology. 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2012-08-06.
- "Qatar orders 27 military vehicles from Renault". defenceWeb. 2011-12-12. Retrieved 2012-08-06.
- "Denel G5 155mm - Towed Howitzer - History, Specs and Pictures - Military Tanks, Vehicles and Artillery". Militaryfactory.com. 2012-03-14. Retrieved 2012-08-06.
- $23.9B in Deals Announced on Last Day of DIMDEX - Defensenews.com, 27 March 2014
- "US: Qatar To Buy Patriot Missiles in $11B Deal". Defense News. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- Jane's Special Forces Recognition Guide, Ewen Southby-Tailyour (2005), p. 446
- Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35 edition (January 27, 2009). ISBN 9780710628695
- Gangarossa, Gene Jr. Heckler & Koch: Armorers of the Free World (2001)
- Scramble on the Web – Qatar Emiri Air Force[dead link]. Scramble.nl. Retrieved on 2011-03-28.
- United Arab Emirates, Library of Congress Country Study, 1993
- "$23.9B in Deals Announced on Last Day of DIMDEX". Defense News. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- Reed Business Information Limited. "Qatar signs deal for 24 Pilatus PC-21s". Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "Qatar to buy 22 French military helicopters". Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- Qatar Armed Forces Sign Contract for 18 AW139 Helicopters – ASDNews. Asd-network.com. Retrieved on 2011-03-28.
- "The Qatar Armed Forces Order Three EMS-Configured AW139s" Agusta Westland 21 March 2011
- "Qatar targets multibillion-dollar fighter jet deal". The National. 6 January 2011.
- "France sells 24 Rafale to Qatar in a 7 billion-deal". 30 April 2015. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
- "Kuwait - C-17 Globemaster III". Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "Qatar to purchase four Boeing C-17 Globemaster III airlifters".
- RSN Singh (2008). Asian Strategic and Military Perspective. Lancer Publishers. p. 388. ISBN 978-8170622451.
- "News - Doha international Maritime Defence Exhibition And Conference". Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- Administrator. "Qatar Coast Guard Services orders 17 new fast patrol boats from ARES Shipyard at DIMDEX 2014". Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "Qatar Armed Forces sign MoU for QAR 3.1bn - Damen Shipyards Sharjah (FZE)". Retrieved 23 October 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Qatar Armed Forces.|
|Wikinews has related news: Qatar becomes first Arab country to fly fighter jets over Libya|