Qatar Football Association
|President||Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Bin Ahmed Al-Thani|
The advent of football at Qatar dates back to the year of 1948, accompanied by the arrival of oil companies. The new game's popularity expanded immediately, which led to the establishment of Al Najah as the country's first football club in 1950. Interest in football developed rapidly in the 1950s. Under the supervision of Qatar Oil Company, the first football tournament ever in Qatar was held at the city of Dukhan. Despite the participation of several Doha teams – including Al Najah – host team Dukhan managed to win the 1951 Izzadeen tournament. Qatar Oil Company replaced the old competition with a new one, Pukett Cup kicked off during the 1957 season, Al Najah went on to win the cup for the first time in their history. The Qatar Football Association (QFA) was founded in 1960 to govern football in Qatar and became a member of FIFA in 1963. The Association organized the first Qatar League in 1972–73.
Whether locally or regionally, rules and regulations were not very restrictive about players moving from one club to another, just a resignation letter and 10 Indian rupees were required of the player who wished to move. This undemanding system was in effect until the year 1962. The first venue with a grass pitch in the Gulf region was the Doha Stadium, which was inaugurated in 1962. Qatar built the Khalifa International Stadium in the 1970s to serve as the country's iconic sports stadium. From 2003 to 2017, the stadium was refurbished and expanded. The Emir Cup final was held there in 2017. In 2022 it will host World Cup matches.
In 1981, Qatar's national youth team took part in the Fifa Junior World Cup in Australia, surprisingly beating Brazil 4–3 in the quarterfinals and England 2–1 in the semifinals. The final was lost 0–4 against West Germany.
Qatar hosted the Gulf Cup tournament in 1976, 1992 and 2004, winning the biggest tournament for national teams in the region in 1992 and 2004. In 2014, Qatar lifted the trophy for the third time after beating host Saudi Arabia in the final.
Qatar Stars League (Also known as QNB Stars League)
- The QSL is the highest football league in Qatar and consists of 12 teams.
Qatar Second Division (Also known as Qatargas League)
- The QSD is the second highest football league in Qatar and consists of 8 teams.
Qatar Amateur League
- The QAL was established in 2013 to provide amateur teams with the opportunity to compete against each other in an official competition. The number of participating team varies every year.
- The University League is a knockout tournament which was established in 2013 by the Supreme Committee of Delivery and Legacy. This gives university and college students the opportunity to develop their football skills.
- The School League is a knockout tournament which was also established in 2013, with the aim to promote young people's interest in sports.
Asian Communities Football Tournament
- The league was established in 2012 to promote integration and involve the local community. It is played in a knockout system.
Qatar Community Football League
- The community league organized by QSL, with four adult divisions, two leagues for boys and two leagues for girls, was established by the supreme committee in 2016.
Qatar Futsal League
- The Qatar Futsal League was founded in 2007 and consists of 10 teams. The winner of the league automatically qualifies for the AFC Futsal Club Championship.
- Emir Cup - The Emir Cup was founded in 1972 and is the biggest Tournament in Qatar.
- Sheikh Jassim Cup - The Sheikh Jassim Cup was founded in 1977 and takes place every year at the beginning of the season.
- Qatar Cup - The Qatar Cup was founded in 1994 and is played by the top four QSL teams at the end of each season.
- Ooredoo Cup - The Ooredoo Cup was founded in 2009. The premier league teams play in a knockout competition. Teams are divided into two groups and are allowed to field both U19 and U23 players.
- Qatar national football team
- Qatar national under-23 football team
- Qatar national under-20 football team
- Qatar national under-17 football team
- Qatar women's national football team
Training camps and academy
Aspire Zone - The Aspire Zone in Doha, Qatar, is a popular training camp for European football clubs, where teams such as Bayern Munich, PSV Eindhoven, FC Red Bull Salzburg, AFC Ajax and FC Zenit prepare for the upcoming matches in their leagues.
Training grounds for the 2022 FIFA World Cup - As 41 training grounds are created, each national team will have its own facility with FIFA-standard lightning systems and two natural grass pitches identical to the grass pitches at each of the eight World Cup stadiums.
|Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Bin Ahmed Al-Thani||President|||
|Saoud Al-Mohannadi||Vice President|||
|Mansoor Al Ansari||General Secretary|||
|Fahad Al Zarraa||Technical Director|||
|Félix Sánchez||Team Coach (Men's)|||
|n/a||Team Coach (Women's)|
|Ali Al Salat||Media/Communications Manager|||
|Hamad Al Mannai||Futsal Coordinator|||
|Hany Taleb Al Raeesi||Referee Coordinator|||
Controversies surrounding leadership
Former president of the Qatar Football Association, Abd Al-Rahman al-Nuaimi, has been linked to various terrorist groups including al-Qaeda and Asbat an-Ansar. In 2013, the U.S. Department of the Treasury labeled the former head of the Qatar Football Association as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist (SDGT) for his role in transferring funds from Qatar-based donors to al-Qaeda and al-Shabaab. The U.S. Department of the Treasury accused al-Nuaimi of overseeing the transfer of over $2 million per month to al-Qaeda in Iraq "for a period of time."
Al-Nuaimi's replacement and the current president of the Qatar Football Association, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa bin Ahmed al-Than, has also been linked to terrorist organizations. In April 2013, Sheikh Hamad, who has no official title other than President of the Qatar Football Association, reportedly met with Hamas Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh to discuss "Qatar-Hamas relations." Ismail Haniyeh has been a proponent of armed conflicts against Israel, including civilian targets, and referred to Osama bin Laden as "an Arab holy warrior."
Mohammed bin Hammam, Chairman of the Qatar Football Association from February 1992 to 1996, has also been involved in a string of controversies. On July 23, 2011, the FIFA Ethics Committee banned Bin Hammam for life from all FIFA and football related activities after being found guilty of bribery. Although the ban was annulled a year later, Bin Hamman was given a second ban in December 2012 for “conflicts of interest” that arose while he was president of the Asian Football Confederation.
On 6 September 2016, FIFA Ethics Committee's adjudicatory chamber opened proceedings against Qatar Football Association's Vice-president Saoud Al-Mohannadi. Al-Mohannadi was banned from running in elections for a seat in the FIFA Council later that month. On 16 November 2016, FIFA Ethics Committee banned Al Mohannadi for one year and fined him 20,000 Swiss Francs because he "did not co-operate with the investigatory chamber in the proceedings against a third party".
The Qatar Football Association has been criticized for hiring migrant workers to fill their empty stadiums in the Qatar Stars League, paying them one dollar an hour. The spread of paid fans was cited as a “significant reason” for low attendance rates among Qatari residents. According to a recent survey, only one third of the 1,079 Qatar residents surveyed had attended a football match during the previous season. The results of the survey, published by Qatar's Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics cast doubts of claims that everything in Qatar “revolves around sport.”
The Qatari national team has also been known to field naturalized players from foreign nations. Examples include Sebastián Soria and Luiz Martin Carlos Júnior. In 2004, the Qatar FA offered incentives to the uncapped Brazilian trio of Aílton, Dedé and Leandro to switch allegiance to the Gulf state. FIFA intervened and blocked the moves, tightening international eligibility requirements in the process.
- 1990 AFC U-16 Championship: Winner
- 1992 11th Arabian Gulf Cup: Winner
- 2006 Asian Games: Winner
- 2014 WAFF Championship: Winner
- 2014 AFC U-19 Championship: Winner
- 2019 AFC Asian Cup: Winner
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