Qatayef

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Qatayef
قطايف عصافيري2.jpg
Type Dumpling
Place of origin Levant, Middle East
Region or state Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Saudi Arabia and Syria
Main ingredients unsalted cheese, or a mixture of hazelnuts, walnuts, almonds, pistachios, raisins, powdered sugar, vanilla extract, and cinnamon

Qatayef or Katayef (Arabic: قطايف‎, [qā'ṭā:īf] (About this sound listen)) is an Arab dessert commonly served during the month of Ramadan, a sort of sweet dumpling filled with cream or nuts.

Etymology[edit]

The Arabic word Qatayef (Arabic: قطايف‎) is derived from the Arabic verb Arabic: qaṭaf‎, meaning to pick up.[1]

Origin[edit]

Qatayef is of Fatimid origin.[2] Some believe that Qatayef are the creation of the Fatimid Dynasty,however, their history dates back to the Abbasid Caliphate, 566-653 CE.[3][4] Qatayef was mentioned in a tenth century Arabic cookbook dates back to the Abbasid Caliphate by Ibn Sayyar al-Warraq called Kitab al-Ṭabīḫ (Arabic: كتاب الطبيخ‎, The Book of Dishes).[5] The book was later translated by Nawal Nasrallah, and named it (Annals of the Caliphs' Kitchens).[6] Qatayef was traditionally prepared by street vendors as well as households in the Levant and Egypt. It is usually prepared using Akkawi cheese as a filling.[7][8]

Preparation[edit]

Qatayef is the general name of the dessert as a whole, but more specifically, the batter. The result of the batter being poured onto a round hot plate appears similar to pancakes, except only one side is cooked, then folded. The pastry is filled with either unsalted cheese or a mixture of any of hazelnuts, walnuts, almonds, pistachios, raisins, powdered sugar, vanilla extract, and cinnamon. It is then deep-fried or, less commonly, baked and served with a hot syrup or sometimes honey.[9][10]

See also[edit]

  • Kanafeh, a different Arab dessert with a similar name
  • Mandugwa, a similar Korean dessert

References[edit]

  1. ^ Team, Almaany. "Definition and meaning of Qatayef in Arabic - Arabic dictionary - Page 1". www.almaany.com. 
  2. ^ The Ramadan Experience in Egypt
  3. ^ life, style. "The sweet history of Qatayef". Roya news. Retrieved 26 August 2018. 
  4. ^ 1, 2. "In Gaza, Qatayef tradition thrives during Ramadan". GULF NEWS. Retrieved 26 August 2018. 
  5. ^ al-Warrāq, Ibn Sayyār; Nasrallah, Nawal (Nov 26, 2007). Annals of the Caliphs' Kitchens: Ibn Sayyār Al-Warrāq's Tenth-century Baghdadi Cookbook. BRILL. p. 422. Retrieved 30 August 2018. 
  6. ^ al-Warrāq, Ibn Sayyār; Nasrallah, Nawal. "Annals of the Caliphs' Kitchens: Ibn Sayyār Al-Warrāq's Tenth-century Baghdadi Cookbook". books. Retrieved 30 August 2018. 
  7. ^ Sadat, Jehan (2002). A Woman of Egypt. Simon & Schuster. p. 48.
  8. ^ Abu-Zahra, Nadia (1999). The Pure and Powerful: Studies in Contemporary Muslim Society. Ithaca Press. ISBN 9780863722691. 
  9. ^ "Qatayef with nuts قطايف بالمكسرات | Egyptian Cuisine and Recipes". egyptian-cuisine-recipes.com. Retrieved 2018-03-14. 
  10. ^ Katayef (Ramadan pancakes) This Week in Palestine, Turbo Computers & Software Co. Ltd. 2007-07-09 Accessed on 2008-01-07.