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Qaum (Arabic: قوم‎‎, Urdu: قوم‎) or nation may refer to a community of people who share a common language, culture, ethnicity, descent, and/or history. In this definition, a nation has no physical borders. However, it can also refer to people who share a common territory and government (for example the inhabitants of a sovereign state) irrespective of their ethnic make-up.[1][2] The protean word Qawm is of Arabic origin, and is used to refer to any form of solidarity.

Pakistani people are known as Pakistani Qaum (Urdu: پاکستانی قوم).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Nation". Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged (11th ed.). Retrieved 20 July 2012. 1. an aggregation of people or peoples of one or more cultures, races, etc, organized into a single state: the Australian nation 
  2. ^ Bretton, Henry L. (1986). International relations in the nuclear age: one world, difficult to manage. Albany: State University of New York Press. p. 5. ISBN 0-88706-040-4. Retrieved 17 June 2011. It should be stated at the outset that the term nation has two distinctly different uses. In a legal sense it is synonymous with the state as a whole regardless of the number of different ethnic or national groups–nationalities–contained within it. In that sense, one speaks of nation and means state.