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For the administrative division, see Qazax Rayon.
For the country, see Kazakhstan.
For the ethnic group, see Kazakh people.

Coordinates: 41°05′36″N 45°21′58″E / 41.09333°N 45.36611°E / 41.09333; 45.36611


City & Municipality
Coat of arms of Qazax
Coat of arms
Qazax is located in Azerbaijan
Coordinates: 41°05′36″N 45°21′58″E / 41.09333°N 45.36611°E / 41.09333; 45.36611
Country Azerbaijan
Aday tribes
 • Total10 km2 (4 sq mi)
381 m (1,250 ft)
 • Total35,102
 • Density3,500/km2 (9,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+4 (AZT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+5 (AZT)
Area code(s)+994 2229

Qazax (Газах, also known as Gazakh or Qazakh) is a city in and the capital of the Qazax Rayon of Azerbaijan. It has a population of 20,900.[2]


Gazakh was once a center of carving, Sultanate, and later an accident. Since 1909, it has received the status of a city, and now it is a district center. It was founded by the Arab commander Marwan ibn Muhammad in the VIII century. This place is also known as "Kasak" (Kasak) in Arabic history, Al – Kufi (IX century) in connection with the events of the 7th century. Toponym reflects in itself the name of the Kazakh ethnic community of Kipchak origin. However, part of the clippings later came to this zone. It is known that in the XI-XII centuries Georgian tsars massively moved gypsy families from the North Caucasus to East Georgia in order to use them as a military force. Only in 1118-1120, Georgian current IV Quruju David placed 225,000 Kipchaks with 45,000 cavalry troops in Georgia. In the 11th-13th century Georgian sources Didi Turkoba (great Turkic Obasi) was called because of the Turkic-speaking population. Apparently, most of these Turkic-speaking Kipchaks are Kazakhs. This is evidenced by ethnoponyms related to the Kazakh ethnic community spread in the north of Azerbaijan and in Georgia and Armenia. At the end of the XV century, the Kazakh Sultanate was established. During the Safavids, the Gazakh Sultanate was part of the Karabakh Principality. The rulers of the Gazakh Sultanate carried the title of sultan and had hereditary power. The Gazakh Sultanate was led by 3 generations. This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Shikhlinsky. During the reign of Sultan Ahmed III of the Ottomans (1703-1730), the Kazakhs moved to the side of the Ottomans, when the Safavids again withdrew Gazakh, they freed the Qazakhly tribe from the leadership, instead of them the Iranian commander named Subhanverdi Khan appointed Gazakh sultan. He was also the head of Subhanverdi Khan in the II feudal dynasty. At that time, the Gazakh Sultanate was still subordinated to the Karabakh Principality. In 1736, Nadir Shah declared himself Shah in Mugan. However, the successful Khan Ziyad Oglu of Karabakh Beylerbeyi expressed his protest against his government. For this reason, after sitting on the throne, Nadir Shah gave the Qazakh, Shamshadil and Borchali districts to the Kakheti tsar to weaken the influence of Ganca Khan. After that, by the decree of the Tsar of Kakhetia II Irakli, Panah Agha, a descendant of Kosa Mirzali Agha, was appointed to the leadership of the Gazakh Sultanate in 1774. Thus began the reign of the III feudal dynasty. In 1752, the Gazakh Sultanate was annexed to the Sheki Khanate, which defeated the II Irakli, and after the death of Haji Chalabi, the Khan of Sheki again became the vassal of the II Irakli. In 1801, the Gazakh Sultanate was annexed to Russia in western Georgia. In 1819, the Sultanate was abolished and turned into a distillery. On December 9, 1867, he became part of Yelizavetpol province in Gazakh region. The Gazakh region covered the present Tovuz, Agstafa, Gazakh regions and the former Azerbaijani lands given to Armenia during the Soviet period-the Dilijan Gorge and Lake Goycha. In 1929, the Kazakh accident was abolished. Gazakh district was established on August 8, 1930. On January 24, 1939, a part was transferred to the newly created Agstafa district. On December 4, 1959, Agstafa region was separated from Gazakh region. In 1982, Armenia occupied the Incadara plateau of Gazakh region, parts of the territory of Kemerli, Aslanbayli and Kaymagli villages, and in 1986, 2500 hectares of pasture land of Gazakh region under different names. During the Karabakh War, Armenia attacked all regions bordering Azerbaijan. One of these regions was the Gazakh region. On the night from 23 to 24 March 1990, Armenia attacked the village of Baganis Ayrim and occupied the village. In April 1992, Armenians attacked two more villages of the region, Barkhudarli and Soflu villages. In the following years, the Armenians occupied four more villages of Gazakh. The occupied villages are lower Asgipara, Khayrimli, Gizilhajili and upper Asgipara villages. A. on January 25, 2016.R Azerbaijan's Defense Ministry has said the Armenian armed forces continue to violate the ceasefire regime.[1]


Gazakh region is located in the north-west of Azerbaijan. It borders 9 km with the Republic of Georgia and 168 km with the Republic of Armenia. The area is 701 km2. Mild winter and warm summer. The average monthly temperature in January is 0-6°С, in June 18-25°С. Winter passes arid. Annual precipitation is 350-700 mm.



The economy of Qazax is partially agricultural, partially tourism-based, with some industries in operation.



The city has one professional football team, Göyazan Qazakh, currently competing in the second-flight of Azerbaijani football, the Azerbaijan First Division.


Public transport[edit]

Qazakh has a large urban transport system, mostly managed by the Ministry of Transportation.


Notable residents[edit]

Some of the city's many prestigious residents include: poets Samad Vurgun, Molla Panah Vagif, Mirvarid Dilbazi and Nusrat Kasamanli, scholar Molla Vali Vidadi, lieutenant-general of the Russian imperial army Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, writer Ismayil Shykhly and wrestler Hasan Aliyev.

Ibrahim Aga Vekilov - (1853-1934) general, first Azerbaijani military topographer. Ibrahim Rahimov - (1849-1927)-the first Azerbaijani, the first Azerbaijani psychiatrist-Doctor, Doctor-humanist, public figure. Sona Velikhan (1883-1982)- eye doctor, honored scientist, professor, chairman of the Society of Ophthalmologists of Azerbaijan.The first ophthalmologist was a woman (1933), the first Azerbaijani woman awarded the doctor of Medical Sciences degree. Mustafa Aga Vekilov(1899-1943) - the first professor of law in Azerbaijan, a graduate of Sarbonna University. Weiss Karani (born 1800 or 1805) is a well-known religious figure, sufi sheikh. The ancestor of the seyidovs is the ancestor of Haji Mahmud Efendi. Molla Seyid- (born about 1835 or 1840) — a famous religious figure in the province of Bey, Gazakh region and Inca gorge, the first merchant with a shop in Aslanbayli village. Haji Mahmud Efendi's uncle is his son. The Mullah of the seyidovs is the ancestor of the Seyidians. Ahmet Efendi (cleric) (d. 1875-a. 1982) - famous religious figure of Gazakh region, Inca gorge eli and Amosiya City of Turkey. Haji Mahmud Efendi is the youngest son. Ibrahim Aga Usubov- (1872-1920) General-major, Division komandiri. John Cossack - (- - - 1941) poet. He is the son of Molla Veli Vidadi and the granddaughter of Molla Panah Vagif. Hajirahim Agha Vahidi (1822-1874) was a poet with sufi worldview. Mukhtar Hajiyev-(1876-1938) was elected the first chairman of the Central Executive Committee of Azerbaijan in 1921. Amina Dilbozi - (1919) ballet dancer. People's artist of Azerbaijan. Alazan Baycan (Haci Hasanzade) – (1913-1989) poet-doctor. He had a personal clinic in Freiburg, Germany. Khalil Hamid Oglu Yusifli (d. 1935) - scientist, Doctor of Philology, professor of Ganca State University, follower of Nizami Ganjavi Literary Heritage. Aslanbeyli is from the village. Isaq Nabi Oglu Isaqov (d. 1921-a. 2006) - Seminar of Kazakh teachers and M.F.He graduated from the Azerbaijan Pedagogical Institute of Russian language and Literature named after Akhundov. The famous teacher was one of the famous speakers in Aslanbayli village and Gazakh region. Professor Gudrat Isagov's father. Sayad Zeynalov - (1886-1942) was awarded with all four degrees of the Order of St. George. Nazim Afandiyev - (1926-1998) professor, honored doctor of the Republic. For a long time she worked as a director of the Institute of eye diseases named after academician Zarifa Aliyeva. Musa Gojayev - (1932-1993) writer, worked in state security agencies for a long time. Adalat Nasibov - (1939) master of saz, honored art worker, presidential scholar. Murtuz Jarchiyev - (19198985) Hero Of Socialist Labor. Majid Sharifzadeh - (1908-1995) Hero Of Socialist Labor.Select the text to see examplesYandex.Translate - synchronized translation for 95 languages, predictive typing, dictionary with transcription, pronunciation and usage examples, and many other features.

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  1. ^ The state statistical committee of the Azerbaijan Republic Archived November 14, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ "Brian C. Collins, Historical dictionary of Azerbaijan, USA, Scarecrow Press, 1999". Archived from the original on 2017-04-06. Retrieved 2016-11-05.

External links[edit]