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Qian Xinzhong (Chinese: 钱信忠; 1911 – December 31, 2009) was the Minister of Health (1965–1973, 1979–1982) and chairman of the National Family Planning Commission (NFPC, May 1982 - December 1983) of the People's Republic of China. As chairman of the NFPC, he made and enforced the policy of "IUD after first birth, sterilization after second birth". According to official statistics, a record number of birth control surgeries were performed in China in 1983, including 17.8 million IUD placements, 16.4 million tubal ligations, 4.3 million vasectomies, and 14.4 million induced abortions.
Born in Baoshan, Jiangsu Province, Qian entered Tongji University in 1926 to study German language and art. From 1928, he studied medicine in Baolong Hospital affiliated to Tongji University. In December 1940, the health department of 129th army division and the field army health department of Eighth Route Army headquarters merged, and Qian became the head of new health department. In 1945, he was appointed as head of health department of Shanxi-Hebei-Shandong-Henan military region.
After formation of PR China, Qian was sent to Soviet Union in 1951 and studied at USSR First Medical College. In 1955, he attained the rank of major general of the People's Liberation Army of China. After returning to China in 1956, he was appointed as vice director of health department of PLA General Logistics Department, and the president of PLA Academy of Military Medical Sciences. In 1957, he became the deputy Minister of Health. He was elevated to Minister in 1965, but was soon deprived of the post and persecuted in Cultural Revolution. He re-emerged in 1973, and directed malaria prevention campaign in five provinces of China. He was re-appointed as Minister of Health in 1979.
He was given the United Nations Population Award in 1983, along with Indira Gandhi. He organized the editing of "China Medical Encyclopedia"(中国医学百科全书), and in 1990, authored the book "New Research on Population"(人口新作).
- Death Notice of Qian Xinzhong
- "Chairman Jo's Triumphant Visit to China". Toledo Blade. 1979-07-10. Retrieved 23 January 2010.
- National Health and Family Planning Commission, ed. (2013-11-01). 中国卫生和计划生育统计年鉴 [China Health and Family Planning Statistics Yearbook] (in Chinese). Beijing: Peking Union Medical College Press. Table 8-8-1. ISBN 9787811369601. Retrieved 2014-06-28.
- "United Nations Population Award to Indira Gandhi and Qian Xinzhong". Population and Development Review. Population Council. 9 (4): 747. December 1983. doi:10.2307/1973563.
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