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Temporal range: Triassic, 232.0–221.5 Ma[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Sauropsida
Order: Ichthyosauria
Family: Toretocnemidae
Genus: Qianichthyosaurus
Li, 1999
  • Q. zhoui Li, 1999

Qianichthyosaurus is an extinct genus of Ichthyosaur from the late Triassic (Carnian) period. Its fossils have been found in southeastern China[2] in the Falang formation near Huangtutang in the province of Guizhou. It has similar characteristics with the ichthyosaur Toretocnemus, that comes from the United States, that together they form the family of the Toretocnemidae. This species is much smaller than the usual ichthyosaur, it was two meters in corporal longitude, with a shorter nose, large ocular orbits, and a much larger neural spine from the tail to the torso.

The type species is Qianichthyosaurus zhoui. The holotype is specimen IVPP V11839.

See also[edit]


  • X. Wang, G. H. Bachmann, H. Hagdorn, P. M. Sanders, G. Cuny, X. Chen, C. Wang, L. Chen, L. Cheng, F. Meng, and G. Xu. 2008. The Late Triassic black shales of the Guanling area, Guizhou province, south-west China: a unique marine reptile and pelagic crinoid fossil lagerstätte. Palaeontology 51(1):27–61