Chongqing Dangdai Lifan F.C.

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Full name Chongqing Dangdai Lifan Football Club
重庆当代力帆足球俱乐部
Founded 1995; 22 years ago (1995)
Ground Chongqing Olympic Sports Center
Ground Capacity 58,680
Owner Lifan Group
Chairman Yin Mingshan (尹明善)
Manager Chang Woe-ryong (张外龙)
League Chinese Super League
2016 Chinese Super League, 8th
Website Club website

Chongqing Dangdai Lifan (simplified Chinese: 重庆当代力帆; traditional Chinese: 重慶當代力帆; pinyin: Chóngqìng Dāngdài Lìfān) is a professional Chinese football club that currently participates in the Chinese Super League under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA). The team is based in Chongqing and their home stadium is the Chongqing Olympic Sports Center that has a seating capacity of 58,680. They are owned by Dangdai International Group.

The club was founded in 1995 and originally called Qianwei (Vanguard) Wuhan before making their debut in the newly developed fully professional Chinese football league system where they started in the third tier within the 1995 league season. They would quickly rise up to the top tier and experience their greatest achievement of winning the 2000 Chinese FA Cup and coming fourth within the league. In 2002, they came fourth place in the last season of the Asian Cup Winners' Cup. After these achievements they struggled to replicate the same success and experienced their first relegation from the top tier in the 2006 league season. After gaining promotion in 2008 back into the top tier they were unable to remain in the top flight and were relegated once more in the 2010 season. In 2014, they finished the season at the top of Chinese League One (tier 2) division and won promotion to the Chinese Super League again.

According to Forbes, Chongqing is the 9th most valuable football team in China, with ateam value of $76 million, and an estimated revenue of $17 million in 2015.[1]

History[edit]

Establishment in Wuhan[edit]

The club's predecessor was called Qianwei F.C. (literally Vanguard F.C.) and were originally created in the city of Wuhan in Hubei province after Hubei F.C. (est. 1954) and Wuhan F.C. merged to form the Hubei Wuhan Steelworks F.C. (later known as Optics Valley F.C., dissolved in 2008 and reborn as Wuhan Zall in 2009), which created a vacant space available in the football league in 1994.[2] After gaining financial supports from Hubei investors, the new Qianwei club took part in the newly-developed professional Chinese football league system.

In the 1995 season, Qianwei took part in the bottom level (tier-3) of the Chinese league pyramid and finished fourth to gain promotion to the second division.[3] In the second tier, they quickly received significant funding from the Ministry of Public Security along with the Huandao Group, a notable company in tourism industry based in Hainan, which in turn also saw the club change its name to Qianwei Huandao to represent their new stockholder. Qianwei Huandao tried to relocate their home ground in Haikou, the capital city of Hainan province, but the team finally chose to stay in Wuhan since there was no suitable stadium in Hainan to serve as the home ground. With significant investment coming into the team, they bought several former Chinese international players such as Feng Zhigang and Xu Tao to strengthen the squad. This soon paid off when the club won the second tier league and promoted to the top tier at the end of the 1996 league season.[4]

Moved to Chongqing[edit]

In the top tier the owners decided that the club needed to affiliate itself with a major region that had a great football fan population, so they decided to move to the nearby city of Chongqing and chose the Datianwan Stadium as their new home ground. This was followed by more Chinese internationals such as Jiang Feng and Han Jinming joining the team and ensuring the club stayed up in the tier one at the end of the season. Ensuring that the club remain the only team within the Chongqing region, the club went on to merge and essentially take over a club in the lower level league, the Chongqing Red Rock F.C., in the following season. This was then followed by a complete shift of the club ownership. Lifan Group, a local flagship company in automobile industry, bought the club for 55,800,000 yuan on 19 August 2000 and renamed the club Chongqing Lifan F.C.[5] While all of this was happening the club's manager Lee Jang-Soo was ensuring that the club would gradually improve each successive season and provide the club with their greatest achievement of winning the 2000 Chinese FA Cup for the first time in the club's history.[6] Chongqing Lifan would then be eligible to enter their first continental competition when they competitied in the 2001–02 Asian Cup Winners' Cup and with Edson Tavares as their new manager he would lead the club to a semi-finals position where the club lost 0:2 to Anyang Cheetahs before ending the competition in fourth after losing to Al Sadd by penalty kicks after a 0:0 regular-time draw in a third-place final game.[7]

Merged with Yunnan Hongta[edit]

In the 2003 league season Chongqing Lifan had brought in Miloš Hrstić as their new coach, however his appointment was a disaster and the club was relegated at the end of the season.[8] With the club desperate to remain within the top tier they would buy Yunnan Hongta's registration and merge the clubs' senior teams together allowing Chongqing Lifan to remain in the top division. Surprisingly the club would actually profit from the merger when several of the surplus players from both teams would then go on to gain investment from the Hunan Corun Group and buy Chongqing Lifan's second division registration for 20,000,000 yuan to then form Hunan Xiangjun.[9] Back on the field the club would bring in Yu Dongfeng as their new manager in the 2004 league season, however because it was an expansion season the club would stagnate at the bottom of the league, safe in the knowledge that there was no relegation that season. With no relegation again in the 2005 league season there was no improvement within the team despite the change in management with Ma Lin coming in. With relegation reinstated in the 2006 league season the club brought in another change of management with Xu Hong, however for the third straight season in a row the club finished bottom of the league and were relegated at the end of the season.[10] The club would decide to bring in a new manager and hired from within with former player Wei Xin chosen. The move would pay-off when on his second season the club won promotion back into the top tier when Chongqing came second at the end of the 2008 league season.

Dangdai era[edit]

On 26 June 2016, Jiang Lizhang purchased 98.13% of Granada CF,[11] setting up an affiliation, which has seen Fang Jin and Wang Zixiang go to the Spanish club,[12] with Chongqing Lifan. On 5 January 2017, Jiang, alongside the Dangdai International Group, purchased 90% of Chongqing Lifan, renaming the club Chongqing Dangdai Lifan.[13]

Name history[edit]

  • 1995: Qianwei (Vanguard) Wuhan (前卫武汉)
  • 1995: Qianwei (Vanguard) FC (前卫俱乐部)
  • 1996–98: Qianwei (Vanguard) Huandao (前卫寰岛)[4]
  • 1999–00: Chongqing Longxin (重庆隆鑫)
  • 2000–02: Chongqing Lifan (重庆力帆)[5]
  • 2003: Chongqing Lifan Xinganjue (重庆力帆新感觉)
  • 2004: Chongqing Qiche (重庆奇伡)
  • 2005–16: Chongqing Lifan (重庆力帆)
  • 2017–present: Chongqing Dangdai Lifan (重庆当代力帆)[13]

Crest history[edit]

Rivalries[edit]

Throughout Chongqing Lifan's history they have built rivalries with Sichuan Quanxing, Chengdu Blades and Chongqing F.C. whom they contested in the local Chongqing derby. The oldest of these rivalrys was against Sichuan Quanxing, which was formed when the club moved to the neighbouring province of Chongqing and effectively created a local derby.[14] With both clubs in the top tier representing two neighouring provinces, a fierce local rivaly would form that reached its peak on 12 November 2003 in a vital league game for both teams to avoid relegation, which saw Sichuan win 2–0 in a highly contentious game that saw Qiu Weiguo (邱卫国) from Chongqing and Marko Jovanović of Sichuan receive suspensions for their on-field behavior.[15] This rivalry would come to end when Sichuan declared themselves defunct at the end of the 2005 league season, however another Sichuan province club in Chengdu Blades soon took over the baton as local rivals.[16] This was ignited on 14 April 2007 in a home league game for Chongqing Lifan that saw Chengdu win 1–0 as both teams looked to win promotion into the top tier that season.[17] For several seasons these two clubs would fight in an intermitten rivalry until Chengdu were dissolved in 2015 after they faced financial differculties.[18]

The Chongqing derby was contested by Chongqing Lifan and Chongqing F.C. as a local inner city rivalry. Hostilities were immediately started with the formation of Chongqing F.C. in 2010 when their owners proclaimed that the formation of their club would produce a "healthy Chongqing" football environment for the sport within the province, a term that was seen as an insult directed at Chongqing Lifan who were relegated from the top flight that season.[19] After only one season both clubs would meet each other within the second division and had their first encounter in a league game with Chongqing F.C. playing at home as Chongqing Lifan won 4–1.[20] The return fixture would see violence break out between the two set of fans as the rivalry intensified between the clubs.[21] On 21 December 2013 the rivalry was cancelled when Chongqing F.C. was dissolved due to financial difficulties.[22]

Some fans of Chongqing Lifan also regard Shijiazhuang Yongchang F.C. (a club in Hebei province) as a major rival due to the hostility between fanbases of these two clubs triggered by the transfer of Wang Dong from Shandong Tengding to Chongqing Lifan in 2014. Wang was hated by Yongchang fans because of his previously unfriendly words against another Hebei team (Hebei Zhongji, the forerunner of the current powerhouse Hebei CFFC).

Current squad[edit]

As of 2 March 2017 [23]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 China GK Deng Xiaofei
2 China DF Li Fang
3 China FW Fang Zhengyang
4 China DF Zheng Tao
5 South Korea MF Jung Woo-young
6 China DF Zeng Shuai
7 China MF Feng Jing
8 China MF Ding Jie
9 China DF Liu Yu
10 China MF Peng Xinli
11 China MF Wu Qing
12 China GK Wang Min
14 Brazil FW Hyuri (on loan from Atlético Mineiro)
15 Croatia DF Goran Milović
16 China MF Wang Weicheng
No. Position Player
17 China GK Sui Weijie
18 China MF Xu Yang
19 China DF Liu Huan
21 China DF Sui Donglu
22 China MF Cui Yongzhe
23 China DF Chen Lei
24 China FW Liu Weidong
25 China DF Liao Junjian (on loan from Hebei China Fortune)
26 China DF Yuan Mincheng
27 Brazil FW Alan Kardec
28 China MF Yao Daogang (on loan from Gondomar)
29 China MF Yang Ke
31 China GK Chen Anqi
32 Brazil FW Fernandinho
33 China MF Nan Song (on loan from Bucheon FC)

Reserve squad[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
41 China FW Jiang Wei
42 China FW Han Zixuan
43 China MF Cao Yanan
44 China DF Zhang Junjie
45 China MF Gong Haolun
46 China MF Xi Zhejian
47 China DF Chen Kejiang
48 China DF Liao Junjie
49 China DF Zhao Boyuan
50 China FW Zhang Cheng
51 China MF Chen Yi
53 China DF Guo Jilin
55 China DF Zhao Jiarong
56 China DF Cao Yue
No. Position Player
57 China FW Sheng Chunlin
58 China DF Qu Ying
59 China DF Man Yuan
61 China DF Cao Qingheng
62 China DF Li Rui
63 China MF Wang Shiwei
64 China DF You Jiabin
65 China DF Cao Dong
67 China GK Shang Shiqi
68 China DF Chen Tao
69 China DF An Kang
70 China DF Xu Wu
71 China MF Kong Longxing
73 China MF Lü Jie

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player

Coaching staff[edit]

Position Staff
Head coach South Korea Chang Woe-Ryong
Assistant coaches China Niu Hongli
China Wu Peng
China Liu Jinbiao
Goalkeeping coach China Wang Jun
Fitness coach China Yang Dexin
Team physician China Yin Xijun
China Zhang Jian

Source: sina.com

Managerial history[edit]

As of End of 2014 Chinese league season.[24][25]

Honours[edit]

League[edit]

Winners (2) : 1996, 2014

Cup[edit]

Winners (1) : 2000
Runner-up (1) : 2000

Youth[edit]

  • U19 Adidas Youth League Champions
Winners (1) : 2007

Results[edit]

All-time league rankings

As of 1 January 2016.[28][29]

Year Div Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Pos. FA Cup Super Cup League Cup AFC Other Att./G Stadium
1995 3 8 3 5 0 71 4 DNQ DNQ  – 2,217 Xinhua Road Sports Center
1996 2 22 13 7 2 40 14 26 46 W R2 DNQ  – 3,188
1997 1 22 8 5 9 28 28 0 29 5 SF DNQ  – 27,727 Datianwan Stadium
1998 1 26 8 8 10 29 29 0 32 7 R3 DNQ  – 24,000
1999 1 26 10 10 6 40 27 13 40 4 R3 DNQ  – 17,231
2000 1 26 10 11 5 46 33 13 41 4 W RU  – 16,615
2001 1 26 7 10 9 24 27 −3 31 11 R2 DNQ  – CWC 4 21,615
2002 1 28 10 11 7 28 25 3 41 6 R1 DNQ  – 14,893
2003 1 28 6 8 14 21 34 −13 26 13 2 SF DNQ  – 19,286
2004 1 22 4 9 9 14 31 −17 21 12 3 R1 NH R1 15,727 Datianwan Stadium
Moved to
Chongqing Olympic Sports Center
2005 1 26 2 7 17 16 41 −25 13 14 3 R1 NH R2 5,731 Yanghe Stadium
2006 1 28 3 7 18 20 51 −31 16 15 R1 NH NH 6,536
2007 2 24 13 5 6 34 22 12 44 4 NH NH NH 2,088
2008 2 24 12 7 5 34 19 15 43 RU NH NH NH 1,897
2009 1 30 7 8 15 27 51 −24 29 16 4 NH NH NH 11,440 Chongqing Olympic Sports Center
2010 1 30 7 9 14 36 48 −12 30 15 NH NH NH 11,433
2011 2 26 8 9 9 30 35 −5 33 8 R2 NH NH 1,721 Yongchuan Sports Center
2012 2 30 12 9 9 50 45 5 45 5 R3 DNQ NH 4,043 Fuling Stadium
2013 2 30 17 5 8 45 27 18 56 4 R3 DNQ NH 2,725
2014 2 30 17 10 3 60 24 36 61 W R3 DNQ NH 13,254 Chongqing Olympic Sports Center
2015 1 30 9 8 13 37 52 −15 35 8 R4 DNQ NH 37,595
2016 1 30 9 10 11 43 50 -7 37 8 R3 DNQ NH 36,178
2017 1 30 R3 DNQ NH
  • ^1 In final group stage.
  • ^2 Merged with Yunnan Hongta so that the club could stay at top level.
  • ^3 No relegation.
  • ^4 Two Super League clubs were involved in match-fixing scandal and relegated to League One, so Chongqing could stay at top level.

Key

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chinese Soccer's Most Valuable Teams". Forbes. Retrieved 14 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "细数国内足坛三级跳 国足战略致大连德比迟到9年". Sina Corp. 2011-10-15. Retrieved 2015-07-01. 
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  5. ^ a b "重庆力帆". News.xinhuanet.com. 2009-03-06. Retrieved 2015-07-01. 
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  10. ^ "China 2006". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. 2007-03-08. Retrieved 2015-07-01. 
  11. ^ "Jiang Lizhang será el primer presidente extranjero del Granada CF" (in Spanish). El Ideal de Granada. 16 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016. 
  12. ^ "El 'hermano' chino del Granada se rebautiza" (in Spanish). Marca. 5 January 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  13. ^ a b "重庆力帆更名"重庆当代力帆" 下赛季要重点关注青训" (in Chinese). Chongqing News (cqnews.net). 5 January 2017. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  14. ^ "忆大田湾体育场历史瞬间 重庆足球衰败的写照". Sports.qq.com. 2012-12-04. Retrieved 2015-07-01. 
  15. ^ "足协处罚:邱卫国停赛5场罚2万 马克停赛4场罚1万". Sina Corp. 2003-11-14. Retrieved 2015-07-01. 
  16. ^ "成渝德比陷入沉寂 比赛平淡昔日恩怨早成回忆". Sports.qq.com. 2012-04-29. Retrieved 2015-07-01. 
  17. ^ "China 2007". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. 18 April 2008. Archived from the original on 17 October 2012. Retrieved 2015-07-01. 
  18. ^ "成都天诚球队不在基地挣扎 球员当务之急找工作". Sports.people.com.cn. 2015-01-26. Retrieved 2015-07-01. 
  19. ^ "垫底王力帆影响城市形象 重庆将组新球队征战乙级?". Sports.people.com.cn. 2010-11-07. Retrieved 2015-07-06. 
  20. ^ "CHONGQING VS. CHONGQING LIFAN 4–1". Uk.soccerway.com. 2012-03-31. Retrieved 2015-07-06. 
  21. ^ "Fights Break Out Before The Chongqing Derby". Wildeastfootball.net. 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2015-07-06. 
  22. ^ "重庆FC宣布解散球员自寻下家 传解散因资金匮乏". Sports.sohu.com. 2013-12-22. Retrieved 2015-07-06. 
  23. ^ "2017中超联赛重庆力帆队完全名单". sohu.com. Retrieved 4 March 2017. 
  24. ^ "Chongqing Lifan » Manager history". worldfootball.net. Retrieved 2015-04-16. 
  25. ^ "Chongqing Lifan Football Club". footballzz.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-04-16. 
  26. ^ "China – List of Champions". rsssf.com. 2015-11-05. Retrieved 2015-11-09. 
  27. ^ "China List of Cup Winners". rsssf.com. 2015-09-02. Retrieved 2015-11-09. 
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  29. ^ "重庆力帆". sodasoccer.com. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 

External links[edit]