Qiao Zhou

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Qiao Zhou
Official of Shu Han
Born (Unknown)
Died 270[1]
Names
Traditional Chinese 譙周
Simplified Chinese 谯周
Pinyin Qiáo Zhōu
Wade–Giles Chiao Chou
Courtesy name Yunnan (Chinese: 允南; pinyin: Yǔnnán; Wade–Giles: Yün-nan)
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Qiao.

Qiao Zhou (died 270), courtesy name Yunnan, was an official of the state of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period. He previously served under Liu Zhang, the Governor of Yi Province (covering present-day Sichuan and Chongqing) in the late Eastern Han Dynasty before becoming a subject of the warlord Liu Bei, who established the Shu regime in 221. In Luo Guanzhong's historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms, Qiao Zhou was depicted as an astrologer whose studies greatly aided the Shu chancellor Zhuge Liang during the Northern Expeditions against Shu's rival state Cao Wei. Qiao Zhou served in the Shu imperial court from the time when Liu Bei ascended the throne (in 221) to the fall of Shu in 263. He is also known for persuading Shu's second and last ruler, Liu Shan, to surrender and submit to Wei, which brought an end to Shu.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ The Sanguozhi mentioned that Qiao Zhou died in the 6th year of the Taishi era (265-274) during the reign of Emperor Wu of Jin. Quote from Sanguozhi vol. 42: ([泰始]六年秋, ... 至冬卒。)