Kebili

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Kebili
ڨبلي
Entrance of the Kebili town
Entrance of the Kebili town
Kebili is located in Tunisia
Kebili
Kebili
Coordinates: 33°42′18″N 08°57′54″E / 33.70500°N 8.96500°E / 33.70500; 8.96500Coordinates: 33°42′18″N 08°57′54″E / 33.70500°N 8.96500°E / 33.70500; 8.96500
Country Tunisia
Governorates Kebili
Population (2014)
 • Total 62,301
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Kebili (Arabic: ڨبلي‎‎ About this sound Gbillī) is a town in the south of Tunisia and one of the main cities in the Nefzaoua region. It is located south of the Chott el-Jerid. It is the capital of the Kebili Governorate.

History[edit]

Kebili is one of the oldest oases in Tunisia and North Africa. It holds the earliest hard evidence of human habitation in Tunisia (found near the town) and dates back about 200,000 years. Kebili, along with many other Tunisian cities, became part of the Roman Empire after the Punic Wars.

Demographics[edit]

Kebili's population is more diverse compared to other Tunisian governorates. The population traces its roots to three main groups:

Language and religion[edit]

While Arabic is the dominant language in the region, several differences set it apart from the Tunisian Arabic spoken elsewhere in the country. Most notably, the letter qāf ق is pronounced as a [g] rather than the guttural [q]. Additionally, some villages use the feminine plural pronouns antunna أنتن (plural you) and hunna هن (they). These pronouns are very rare throughout the Arab world and are usually replaced by their masculine counterparts antum أنتم and hum هم. Bedouin vocabulary and expressions have declined in usage among the new generations.

Islam is the dominant religion. Kebili, as many other Tunisian towns, holds a great number of Soofiat Maqams (Saleheen)[citation needed].

Economy[edit]

The economy of Kebili has seen diverse orientations throughout its history. Kebili was one of the main hubs of the African slavery trade to satisfy European needs. Slaves were taken to Europe through the port of Gabès. Nowadays, Kebili relies heavily on agriculture and tourism.

Agriculture[edit]

The main agricultural product in the region are dates or "deglets". Kebili produces a very high quality date, exported all around the world and contributing significantly to the local and national economy.

Tourism[edit]

Since national independence, the government of Tunisia has encouraged tourism projects and resorts in the Saharan region. Of these Douz, south of Kebili, is the most famous Saharian destination of Tunisia (known as the Sahara Gate).

Climate[edit]

Temperature records have been kept here from 1901–1939, 1949–1953, and 2000–2012. The French colonial authorities of the Service météorologique de Tunis maintained the older records. A portion of the original data logs for this early period is in the NCDC archives and at the POR of 1907 to 1932. Like Azizia[where?], Kebili is subject to the foehn-like wind phenomena known as a Ghibili.

Climate data for Kebili (1886 - 1938)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34
(93)
36
(97)
42
(107)
48
(119)
49
(120)
52
(125)
55
(131)
54
(130)
53
(128)
52
(125)
42
(107)
36
(97)
55
(131)
Average high °C (°F) 24
(76)
26
(78)
27
(80)
29.2
(84.5)
33
(92)
37.8
(100.0)
41.7
(107.0)
41.6
(106.8)
38
(101)
34.2
(93.5)
29
(85)
25.8
(78.4)
32.28
(90.18)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20
(68)
21
(70)
22.5
(72.5)
24.9
(76.9)
29.1
(84.4)
33
(92)
37
(99)
37.2
(98.9)
34
(93)
29.7
(85.5)
25
(77)
21.2
(70.2)
27.88
(82.28)
Average low °C (°F) 16
(60)
17
(62)
18
(65)
20.7
(69.3)
24.8
(76.7)
28.9
(84.0)
33
(91)
33
(91)
29
(85)
25.3
(77.5)
21
(69)
17
(62)
23.64
(74.38)
Record low °C (°F) 4
(39)
3
(37)
6
(42)
8
(47)
8
(46)
13
(55)
16
(60)
16
(60)
13
(56)
9
(48)
7
(44)
4
(40)
3
(37)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13
(0.5)
10
(0.4)
15
(0.6)
8
(0.3)
5
(0.2)
3
(0.1)
0
(0.0)
3
(0.1)
15
(0.6)
18
(0.7)
10
(0.4)
15
(0.6)
115
(4.5)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.0 mm) 2.7 2.3 3.3 2.8 2.2 0.8 0.1 0.9 1.9 2.9 3.0 2.9 25.8
[citation needed]

Extreme 50 °C+ (122.0 °F) temperatures were recorded on July 17, 1910: 53.0 °C (127.4 °F), July 1925: 50.0 °C (122.0 °F), August 1926: 50.8 °C (123.4 °F), July 1927: 54.0 °C (129.2 °F), and of course July 1931 with 55.0 °C (131 °F). No further 50 °C+ (122.0 °F) temperatures were measured after 1931. However, during the 2000-2012 POR the maximum temperature measured (using modern equipment) has been 48.5 °C (119.3 °F) on July 26, 2005. So this certainly throws suspicion on the older Kebili records.

The lowest temperature in Kebili was 3 °C (37 °F). Though unconfirmed, it has been reported that Kebili reached 56.0 °C (133 °F) on July 8, 1888.

References[edit]

External links[edit]