Qidong (simplified Chinese: 启东; traditional Chinese: 啟東; pinyin: Qǐdōng) is a county-level city in southeastern Jiangsu province of People's Republic of China. It is located on the north side of the Yangtze River opposite Shanghai. It occupies a total of 1,208 km2 (466 sq mi) in land area, with a population of 1.12 million.
The center of the city is named Huilong Township. It also has a well-known fish port called Lüsi town, named after Lü Dongbin, one of the eight immortals, who is said to have visited the place four times. The other towns include Huiping, Yinyang, Beixin, Haifu, Nanyang and many others.
In July 2012, Qidong was the scene of a violent environmental protest against an industrial waste pipeline.
Before the Han Dynasty, Qidong's land was still under the Yellow Sea .It became the land until Mid-Qing Dynasty.March 1928, Qidong County was set up.In November 1989, the name "Qidong County" was abolished by following current policies. It has adopted the name "Qidong City" ever since.
Population and Culture
The county was formed from sands in the Yellow Sea in Qing Dao Guang or Qian Long. People migrated to the newly founded land from both South Ning Bo, Or North. And therefore there are two dialects.
People living in Lüsi town speak a different dialect—known as Lüsi dialect (lǜsìhuà 吕四话) or Tongdong dialect (tōngdōnghuà 通东话) -- from most other residents, who generally speak Qidong Dialect (qǐdōnghuà 启东话). The two dialects are considerably different and thus they are not mutually intelligible. Because most economic, educational and governmental activities are held in the city capital Huilong, where Qidong Dialect is prevalent, many residents of Lüsi have learned to understand and even speak the majority dialect.
Qidong Dialect is a dialect of Wu Chinese. Some people consider it similar to Shanghainese, also a dialect of Wu Chinese, mostly spoken in the city of Shanghai. It is almost the same as the dialect spoken in Chongming, which is a town under administration of Shanghai.
Both of the two dialects belong to the Northern Wu dialect. However, because of cultural differences among two places, there still exist non-intelligible usage mostly in vocabulary.
Qidong High School located at Huilong Town enjoys a high reputation which basically is owed to its so-called "Special Class" where most students can be awarded in national mathematics, physics and chemistry competitions and almost half of the students can be admitted to Tshinghua University, Peking University and other famous universities. Except Qidong High School, there are many other high schools, such as Huilong High School, Dongnan High School and so on.
Bar and club scene
Due to the large foreign contracted workforce employed at the COSCO (Nan Tong) Shipyard, Qidong is blessed with an array of 'Western' style bars.
Qidong hosts an annual Seafood festival and trade fair in late May.
The 200-300 mile Ning Qi highway connects Nanjing to Qidong.
A newly constructed bridge links Qidong-ChongMing-Shanghai reducing the driving time from three to one hour. Now from Shanghai (Pudong Airport) to Qidong, 45 minutes away.
Local industry focuses on pharmaceutical production, computer accessory production and chemical fertilizer production.
Qidong is an offshore engineering & construction hub hosting companies like COSCO, SINOPACIFIC, Specialty Process Equipment Corporation (SPEC), DAO DA Heavy Industry and several other heavy industry, shipyard & fabrications facilities.
Major agriculture crops are fatwa beans, wheat, corns, rapes, soy beans, peanuts, yams, etc., and cotton is also common. The climate is suitable for pears, peaches, oranges and water melons.
Fishing is a major source of income for some villagers.
There are four distinct seasons: spring, summer, fall, and a mild winter. During the summer, monsoon lasts for weeks, and there is plenty of rain.
- City government official site
- English Language Guide to Qidong (Qidongmap.Net)
- Qidong City English guide (Jiangsu.NET)