The Qikiqtaaluk Region, Qikiqtani Region (Inuktitut: ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓗᒃ pronounced: [qikiqtaːˈluk]) or Baffin Region is the most populated and the most eastern administrative region of Nunavut, Canada. Qikiqtaaluk is the traditional Inuktitut name for Baffin Island. Although the Qikiqtaaluk Region is the most commonly used name in official contexts, several notable public organisations, including Statistics Canada prefer the older term Baffin Region.
The region consists of Baffin Island, the Belcher Islands, Akimiski Island, Mansel Island, Prince Charles Island, Bylot Island, Devon Island, Cornwallis Island, Bathurst Island, Amund Ringnes Island, Ellef Ringnes Island, Axel Heiberg Island, Ellesmere Island, the Melville Peninsula, the eastern part of Melville Island, and the northern parts of Prince of Wales Island, and Somerset Island, plus smaller islands in between. The regional seat is Iqaluit (population 7,250). The Qikiqtaaluk Region spans the northernmost, easternmost, and southernmost areas of Nunavut.
All of Qikiqtaaluk's thirteen communities are located on tidal water and about half of its residents live in Nunavut's capital, Iqaluit. The other half live in twelve hamlets-Arctic Bay, Cape Dorset, Clyde River, Grise Fiord, Hall Beach, Igloolik, Kimmirut, Pangnirtung, Pond Inlet, Qikiqtarjuaq, Resolute and Sanikiluaq. Alert (CFS Alert) and Eureka are part of the unorganized Areas in Qikiqtaaluk.
According to anthropologists and historians, the Inuit are the descendants of the Thule culture who displaced the Dorset culture (in Inuktitut, the Tuniit). By 1300 the Inuit had trade routes with more southern cultures.
About 1910 Europeans markets increased their interest in white fox pelts. The distribution and mobility of Inuit changed as the expanded their traditional hunting and fishing routes to participate in the white fox fur trade. Traditional food staples—such as seal and caribou—were not always found in the same regions as white fox. The Hudson's Bay Company—which was chartered in 1670-had been opening fur trading posts throughout Inuit and First Nations territory. By 1910, the HBC was restructured into a lands sales department, retail and fur trade. The HBC dominated the fur trade under minimal supervision from the Canadian government, and some Anglican and Catholic missionaries who lived near remote northern hamlets. By 1922 most of imported goods acquired by Inuit were from the HBC.
Between 1950 and 1975 thirteen northern communities were relocated.
Killing of the sled dogs
Reconciliation and truth commissions
The Qikigtani Truth Commission—which was commissioned, conducted, and paid for by an Aboriginal organization, the Qikiqtani Inuit Association and took place from 2007 to 2010—brought together historians and Inuit to revisit the history of the Qikigtaaluk Region.
- Auyuittuq National Park
- Bowman Bay Wildlife Sanctuary
- Katannilik Territorial Park Reserve
- Kekerten Territorial Park
- Mallikjuak Territorial Park
- Pisuktinu-Tunngavik Territorial Park
- Polar Bear Pass National Wildlife Area
- Quammaarviit Territorial Park
- Quttinirpaaq National Park
- Sirmilik National Park
- Sylvia Grinnell Territorial Park
- Population: 15,765
- Population change (2001–2006): +9.7%
- Private dwellings: 5,103
- Area: 1,040,417.90 km2 (401,707.60 sq mi)
- Density: 0.015 inhabitants per square kilometre (0.039/sq mi)
- National rank in terms of population: 248th out of 288
- Territorial rank in terms of population: 1st out of 3
Surrounding census divisions
- Philip Goldring (Winter 2015). "Historians and Inuit: learning from the Qikiqtani Truth Commission, 2007-2010". Canadian Journal of History (University of Toronto via GALE) 50 (3): 492. doi:10.3138/CJH.ACH.50.3.005. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
- 2006 Canada Census
- Rigby, Bruce. "101. Qaummaarviit Historic Park, Nunavut Handbook" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 29, 2006. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- "The Dorsets: Depicting Culture Through Soapstone Carving" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 30, 2007. Retrieved October 5, 2009.
- "Innu Culture 3. Innu-Inuit 'Warfare'". 1999, Adrian Tanner Department of Anthropology-Memorial University of Newfoundland. Retrieved October 5, 2009.
- Kavik, Lisi, and Miriam Fleming. Qikiqtamiut Cookbook. [Sanikiluaq, Nunavut]: Municipality of Sanikiluaq, 2002. ISBN 1-896445-22-5
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