Qingdao Tram

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Qingdao Tram
Qingdao Tram logo.svg
Qingdao Tram, Line Chengyang.jpg
Overview
LocaleQingdao, China
Transit typeTram
Number of lines1
Number of stations12
Operation
Began operation2016
Operator(s)Qingdao Public Transport Group Rail Bus Co., Ltd.
Reporting marksQT
Technical
System length9 km (5.6 mi)
Track gaugeStandard gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification750 V DC Overhead line

Qingdao Tram, is a tram system operating in Chengyang District, Qingdao, China opened in 2016. The Qingdao Public Transport Group Rail Bus Co., Ltd. is responsible for operation and management.

History[edit]

In the 1920s, the Qingdao municipal government planned to build a tram to replace some of the buses. From 1938 to 1940, Kao Electric Co., Ltd. had to do business with the tram, and in the Zhongshan Road Posts and Telecommunications Branch set up a "tram preparation", but the Qingdao Special City Office observed that Qingdao's terrain slope and the lack of friction between the track, which should not be tram, making the tram plan failed to achieve.

In April 2013, Qingdao City, planning a length of about 6 km (3.7 mi) north-south tram lines, after the road conditions due to the plan to change the construction of east-west line in Chengyang District . As the first truly terrain construction project in EPC (Design-Procurement-Construction) mode in China, the project was planned to be completed in 2014 on the 15th of December. However, it was not completed on time. On December 17, for the community it was carried out the collection of vehicle signs, body color, and station name views of the activities. On December 28 morning it was planned no-load test run, then continue to line, vehicle, and signal system of the technical parameters of the test and adjustment, driving, crew business practice.

In June 2015, the project was announced by the China Transportation Enterprises Committee as "2015 annual transport enterprises low-carbon energy-saving environmental protection outstanding project." In October, the vehicle field center machine room axis shaft equipment debugging done, and with the line turnout control area joint test have done. On December 18, more than 40 representatives of the public were invited to try tram. In January 2016, it was scheduled to carry out tricycle test operation review. In February 5, the public was allowed to ride the tram as be free trial experience without ticket. On February 24, tricycle third expert review has done. On March 5, it began a formal passenger test operation. On November 8, the first seven cars on the line, full line with the car were in place.

Tram route & stops[edit]

The entire tram route is through line west and Yang Road and Jincheng Road intersection, along the Yang Road, Huacheng Road, Chunyang Road, east tame Tiger Hill Road and Chunyang Road intersection, a total length of 9 km (5.6 mi), all for the ground line. Line and the west side of the road with a shared road right, about 400 metres (1,300 ft), the rest of the road are semi-closed road right, that is, the interval between the exclusive right and the intersection of road right. There are seven hybrid substations, double insulated elastic suspension mesh, the rated voltage is 750 volts DC. The stoppages are - Mong Tuan station, green town station, reservoir park station, Hui City Road Station, Greenway Road Station, Guocheng Road Station, Spring City Road Station, Great Wall Road Station, Agricultural University Station, Mingyang Road Station, Zhengyang Road Station, Chengyang wholesale market, a total of 12 stops, of which two stops act as the transfer station, and the late construction of the other rail transit line convergence. The route was forward to the west to Chengyang station.

Practical Info[edit]

  • Total length - 9 km (5.6 mi)
  • Opened - 5 March 2016
  • Number of Stops - 12
  • Number of routes - 1
  • Gauge - Standard Gauge

Fleet[edit]

The vehicle is produced by the quartet in the car, the prototype for the Skoda 15 T ForCity (English : Škoda 15 T). Real vehicle body width 2.65 m (8 ft 8 in), length 35.19 m (115 ft 5 in). The front design is rich and streamlined; with a maximum running speed of 70 km/h (43 mph). Vehicles are two-way front, bilateral open the door; modular design, group flexibility; three groups, the total passenger volume of more than 300 people could be handled. The car is low floor, the car floor is 35 cm (14 in) above the ground.

Depots[edit]

The system set up a depot – Qianwang Tutuan depot, covers an area of 2 hectares (5 acres), located in the eastern end of the line at Chunyang Road and at the northwest corner of Phoenix Hill Road junction. The depot could bear the early arrival of the vehicle with the annual inspection, weekly inspection, check, parking, and daily maintenance and so on. One or two repair work commissioned by the vehicle manufacturers to complete the Quartet .

Alignment and Interchanges[edit]

The modern tram routes completely run on reserved grass-bed track at middle of the road.

Ride & Ticketing System[edit]

The tram system uses manual scheduling management model. Each tram is assigned with 1 driver and 3 crews, whereby all of them are under 35 years old with at least 2 years term of service. Passengers make payment the moment they get on the car. The one-way fare is 2 yuan. Passengers pay either by coins or swiping cards upon boarding and exit.

Projects[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]