Qingliang Temple (Nanjing)

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Qingliang Temple
Qingliang Temple in Nanjing 01 2013-03.JPG
Qingliang Temple in Nanjing

Qingliang Temple (Chinese: 清涼寺; pinyin: Qīngliáng Sì), also known as Stone Cooling Bodhimaṇḍa (traditional Chinese: 石頭清涼大道場), literally means "cooling temple". The temple is located in Qingliangshan Park in the west of Nanjing City, Jiangsu, China.


The temple was formerly known as the Xingjiao Temple (traditional Chinese: 興教寺場; ; pinyin: Xìng Jiào Sì) built by Xu Wen during Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. In the first year of the Southern Tang Dynasty (937), Li Jing (The 2nd ruler of Southern Tang) spent the summer at this place and modified the name of the temple to "Stone Cooling Bodhimaṇḍa (traditional Chinese: 石頭清涼大道場)".

Later, Li Yu (The 3er ruler of Southern Tang) left an inscription of "Deqing Hall" (德慶堂) [1]. Wenyi resides in this temple and builds Fayan school (Chinese: 法眼宗; pinyin: Fǎyǎn Zōng). [1]

The temple was rebuilt in 980 during the period of Northern Song Dynasty. In 1402 was rebuilt by Yongle Emperor of Ming Dynasty and was renamed "Qingliang Temple." After the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, Second Sino-Japanese War, Cultural Revolution and other catastrophic damages[2]. The temple was renovated in 2003 and opened in 2009.

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1.^ Fayan school was one of the Five Houses of Chán, the major schools of Chinese Chán during the later Tang Dynasty.


  1. ^ "Nanjing Municipal Government approves restoration of Qingliang Temple of Qingliang Mountain 南京市政府批准恢复清凉山清凉寺" (in Chinese). 佛教在线 Fjnet.com. 13 March 2009. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  2. ^ 南京日报 Nanjing Daily News (17 June 2009). "Qingliang Temple in Nanjing was opened soon after renovation 抗战被毁南京清凉寺整修后即将开放" (in Chinese). Dadunet.com. Retrieved 26 April 2018.

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