|315°||Lichun||4 – 5 February|
|345°||Jingzhe||5 – 6 March|
|15°||Qingming||4 – 5 April|
|45°||Lixia||5 – 6 May|
|75°||Mangzhong||5 – 6 June|
|105°||Xiaoshu||7 – 8 July|
|135°||Liqiu||7 – 8 August|
|165°||Bailu||7 – 8 September|
|195°||Hanlu||8 – 9 October|
|225°||Lidong||7 – 8 November|
|255°||Daxue||7 – 8 December|
|285°||Xiaohan||5 – 6 January|
Qīngmíng (pīnyīn) or Chīngmíng (MPS II), Seimei (rōmaji), or Cheongmyeong (romaja) (Chinese and Japanese: 清明; Korean: 청명; Vietnamese: Thanh minh; literally: "clear and bright") is the name of the 5th solar term of the traditional East Asian lunisolar calendar, which divides a year into 24 solar terms (t. 節氣/s. 节气). In space partitioning, Qingming begins when the sun reaches the celestial longitude of 15° and ends when it reaches the longitude of 30°. It more often refers in particular to the day when the sun is exactly at the celestial longitude of 15°, usually on April 5th.
Compared to the space partitioning theory, in the time division theory Qingming falls around April 7th or approximately 106.5 days after winter equinox. In the Gregorian calendar, it usually begins around 4 or 5 April and ends around 20 April.
|辛巳||2001-04-04 17:24||2001-04-20 00:35|
|壬午||2002-04-04 23:18||2002-04-20 06:20|
|癸未||2003-04-05 04:52||2003-04-20 12:02|
|甲申||2004-04-04 10:43||2004-04-19 17:50|
|乙酉||2005-04-04 16:34||2005-04-19 23:37|
|丙戌||2006-04-04 22:15||2006-04-20 05:26|
|丁亥||2007-04-05 04:04||2007-04-20 11:07|
|戊子||2008-04-04 09:45||2008-04-19 16:51|
|己丑||2009-04-04 15:33||2009-04-19 22:44|
|庚寅||2010-04-04 21:30||2010-04-20 04:29|
|辛卯||2011-04-05 03:11||2011-04-20 10:17|
|壬辰||2012-04-04 09:05||2012-04-19 16:12|
|癸巳||2013-04-04 15:02||2013-04-19 22:03|
|甲午||2014-04-04 20:46||2014-04-20 03:55|
Each solar term can be divided into 3 pentads (候). They are: first pentad (初候), second pentad (次候) and last pentad (末候). Pentads in Qingming include:
- First pentad: 桐始華/桐始华, 'The paulownia begins to bloom'.
- Second pentad: 田鼠化為鴽/田鼠化为鴽, 'Voles(you) transform into quails'.
- Last pentad: 虹始見/虹始见, 'Rainbows begin to appear'.
- First pentad: 玄鳥至 (tsubame itaru?), 'The swallow flies back from the south'.
- Second pentad: 鴻雁北 (kōgan kitae kaeru?), 'The goose migrates to the north'.
- Last pentad: 虹始見 (niji hajimete arawaru?), 'Rainbows begin to appear in the sky after shower'.
- "24 Sekki". Glossary. National Astronomical Observatory of Japan. Retrieved 2016-03-21.
- Matsukawa, Mitsuharu. "24 Sekkis, or Twenty-Four Japanese Small Seasons". Nagoya University. Retrieved 2016-03-21.
- East Asian cultural sphere
- Qingming Festival (清明節/清明节), festival celebrated on the day of Qīngmíng
- Cold Food Festival (寒食節/寒食节), three-day festival starting one day before and ending one day after Qīngmíng
- Along the River During the Qingming Festival