Qingyuan

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This article is about the prefecture-level city of Guangdong. For other uses, see Qingyuan (disambiguation).
Qingyuan
清远市
Prefecture-level city
Qingcheng District
Location of Qingyuan in Guangdong
Location of Qingyuan in Guangdong
Qingyuan is located in China
Qingyuan
Qingyuan
Location in China
Coordinates: 23°49′N 113°02′E / 23.817°N 113.033°E / 23.817; 113.033
Country People's Republic of China
Province Guangdong
County-level divisions 9
Township-level divisions 53
City seat Qingcheng District
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 19,152.9 km2 (7,395.0 sq mi)
 • Urban 3,652.3 km2 (1,410.2 sq mi)
 • Metro 3,652.3 km2 (1,410.2 sq mi)
Elevation 14 m (45 ft)
Population (2010 Census[1])
 • Prefecture-level city 3,698,412
 • Density 190/km2 (500/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,510,044
 • Urban density 410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,510,044
 • Metro density 410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) (+86) 0763
Licence Plate 粤R
Major Nationalities Han, Zhuang and Yao.
Website http://www.gdqy.gov.cn/
Qingyuan
QY name.svg
"Qingyuan" in Chinese
Simplified Chinese 清远
Traditional Chinese 清遠
Cantonese Jyutping Cing1-jun5
Cantonese Yale Chīngyúhn
Hanyu Pinyin Qīngyuǎn
Postal Tsingyun
Literal meaning Clear-&-Distant

Qingyuan, formerly romanized as Tsingyun,[a] is a prefecture-level city in northern Guangdong, China, on the banks of the Bei or North River. During the 2010 census, its total population was 3,698,412, out of whom 1,510,044 lived in the urbanized Qingcheng and Qingxin districtss. The primary spoken language is Cantonese. Covering 19,015 km2 (7,342 sq mi), Qingyuan is Guangdong's largest prefecture by land area. The urban core is surrounded by mountainous areas but is directly connected with Guangzhou and the Pearl River Delta by Highway 107.

History[edit]

Under the Qing, the area was known as Qingyuan County.[4] It was later promoted to prefecture-level city status.

Geography[edit]

Qingyuan's administrative area ranges in latitude from 23° 31' to 25° 12' N, and in longitude from 111° 55' to 113° 55′ E, just north of the Tropic of Cancer and about 200 km (120 mi) from coast of the South China Sea. More than half of the area is mountainous, and elevations increase from southeast to northwest.

Qingyuan has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate, with an average annual temperature of 20.7 °C (69.3 °F), 1,900 mm (75 in) of rainfall, 1662.2 hours of sunshine, and a frost-free period of 314.4 days.[5]

Economy[edit]

Qingyuan is a major economic and transportation hub. The Beijing–Guangzhou Railway, National Highways 106 and 107, and the Bei or North River cross through the city. The maritime infrastructure in Qingyuan plays a vital role in transporting goods to other regional centers in Guangdong, Hong Kong, and Macao. The major ports are Qingyuan Port, Yingde Port, Lianzhou Port, and Yangshan Port.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2010 Census, Qingyuan has a population of 3,698,394 inhabitants,[6] 550,715 more than in 2000 (an annual growth rate of 1.63%). Han Chinese comprise over 95% of the entire population, while there are some areas inhabited by the Zhuang and Yao minorities.

Attractions[edit]

Qingyuan is famous for its tourist attractions. These include Niuyuzui, Feilai Temple, Feixia Scenic Spots, Baojing Palace of Yingde, Taihe Ancient Cave of Qingxin, Sankeng Hot Spring in Qingxin County, Huanghua Lake in Fogang, Little Biejiang of Lianyang, Peak Shikengkong in Yangshan County, Underground River of Lianzhou, Huangteng Gorge, Three Gorges of Huangchuan, Yinzhan Hot Spring Area, and the indigenous customs of minorities in Liannan and Lianshan.

Administration[edit]

The provincial and municipal administration is located in Qingcheng District. It oversees one other district, two county-level cities, four counties, and one economic development district.

Map
Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 census)
Area
(km2)
Density
(/km2)
Qingcheng District 清城区 Qīngchéng Qū 811,233 927.22 875
Qingxin District 清新区 Qīngxīn Qū 698,811 2,725.07 256
Fogang County 佛冈县 Fógāng Xiàn 302,906 1,292.92 234
Yangshan County 阳山县 Yángshān Xiàn 356,095 3,418.37 10'
Lianshan Zhuang and
Yao Autonomous County
连山壮族
瑶族自治县
Liánshān Zhuàngzú
Yáozú Zìzhìxiàn
90,515 1,164.84 78
Liannan Yao
Autonomous County
连南瑶族
自治县
Liánnán Yáozú
Zìzhìxiàn
129,258 1,239.38 100
Yingde 英德市 Yīngdé Shì 941,952 5,671.02 166
Lianzhou 连州市 Liánzhōu Shì 367,642 2,664.09 138

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Qingyuan has also sometimes been romanized as Tsing-yuan,[2] Tsing-yuen,[2] Ts‘ing-yuen,[3] and Tsing-yuen-heën.[4]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]