Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant

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Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant
CANDU at Qinshan.jpg
Qinshan Phase III Units 1 & 2
Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant is located in China
Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant
Location of Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant
Country China
Location Qinshan, Zhejiang
Coordinates 30°25′59″N 120°57′0″E / 30.43306°N 120.95000°E / 30.43306; 120.95000Coordinates: 30°25′59″N 120°57′0″E / 30.43306°N 120.95000°E / 30.43306; 120.95000
Status Operational
Construction began March 20, 1985 (I)
June 2, 1996 (II-1)
April 1, 1997 (II-2)
April 28, 2006 (II-3)
January 28, 2007 (II-4)
June 8, 1998 (III-1)
September 25, 1998 (III-2)
Commission date April 1, 1994 (I)
April 15, 2002 (II-1)
May 3, 2004 (II-2)
October 5, 2010 (II-3)
December 30, 2011 (II-4)
December 31, 2002 (III-1)
July 24, 2003 (III-2)
Owner(s)
  • Qinshan Nuclear Power[1]
  • Nuclear Power Plant Qinshan Joint Venture Company[2][3][4][5]
  • The Third Qinshan Joint Venture Company[6][7]
Operator(s)
  • CNNC Nuclear Operation Management[1]
  • Nuclear Power Plant Qinshan Joint Venture Company[2][3][4][5]
  • The Third Qinshan Joint Venture Company[6][7]
Nuclear power station
Reactor type PWR (I; II 1–4)
CANDU PWHR (III 1–2)
Reactor supplier China National Nuclear Corporation (I; II 1–4)
Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (III 1–2)
Cooling source Hangzhou Bay
Power generation
Units operational 1 × 298 MW
2 × 610 MW
2 × 619 MW
2 × 677 MW
Make and model 1 × CNP-300 (I)
4 × CNP-600 (II 1–4)
2 × CANDU 6 (III 1–2)
Thermal capacity 1 × 966 MWth
4 × 1930 MWth
2 × 2064 MWth
Nameplate capacity 4110 MW
Capacity factor 90.59% (2017)
88.21% (lifetime)
Annual net output 32,614 GWh (2017)

The Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant (秦山核电站) is a multi-unit nuclear power plant under construction in Qinshan Town, Haiyan County, in Jiaxing, Zhejiang province, China.

Development[edit]

The construction of the units is divided into three separate phases.

Phase I
Involved construction of the small-scale (≈300 MW) Unit-1 only, but was the first domestically designed and constructed nuclear power plant in the nation (95 percent of components came from domestic manufactures).[8] That unit has so far operated for more than 10 years without an event rating 2 on the International Nuclear Event Scale.
Phase II
The next set of reactors were mid-scale plants (≈600 MW) but still of Chinese design (CNP-600). The steam generators were made by Babcock & Wilcox of Cambridge, Ontario, Canada.
Phase III
Involved construction of two 728 MW (gross) CANDU-6 series of the CANDU reactor design supplied by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited. This was reported to be the largest business venture between Canada and China to that time.[citation needed] In 2001, it was visited by the Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chrétien;[9] both units were online by 2003.[6][7]

Breakdown[edit]

Reactors[10]
Unit Type Model Net power Gross power Thermal power Start construction First criticality Grid connection Commercial operation Notes
Phase I
Qinshan I PWR CNP-300 298 MW 310 MW 966 MWt March 20, 1985 October 31, 1991 December 15, 1991 April 1, 1994 [1]
Phase II
Qinshan II-1 PWR CNP-600 610 MW 650 MW 1930 MWt June 2, 1996 November 15, 2001 February 6, 2002 April 15, 2002 [2]
Qinshan II-2 PWR CNP-600 610 MW 650 MW 1930 MWt April 1, 1997 February 25, 2004 March 11, 2004 May 3, 2004 [3]
Qinshan II-3 PWR CNP-600 619 MW 660 MW 1930 MWt April 28, 2006 July 13, 2010 August 1, 2010 October 5, 2010 [4]
Qinshan II-4 PWR CNP-600 610 MW 660 MW 1930 MWt January 28, 2007 November 17, 2011 November 25, 2011 December 30, 2011 [5]
Phase III
Qinshan III-1 PHWR CANDU 6 677 MW 728 MW 2064 MWt June 8, 1998 September 21, 2002 November 19, 2002 December 31, 2002 [6]
Qinshan III-2 PHWR CANDU 6 677 MW 728 MW 2064 MWt September 25, 1998 January 18, 2003 June 12, 2003 July 24, 2003 [7]

Although Fangjiashan Nuclear Power Plant is technically a separate entity from Qinshan, the World Nuclear Association considers it to essentially be an extension of the Qinshan plant due to its extreme proximity and the fact that the original two reactors built at Fangjiashan were initially intended to be built at Qinshan phase IV (which is no longer planned).[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "QINSHAN-1". Power Reactor Information System. International Atomic Energy Agency. 30 June 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  2. ^ a b c "QINSHAN-2-1". Power Reactor Information System. International Atomic Energy Agency. 30 June 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  3. ^ a b c "QINSHAN-2-2". Power Reactor Information System. International Atomic Energy Agency. 30 June 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  4. ^ a b c "QINSHAN-2-3". Power Reactor Information System. International Atomic Energy Agency. 30 June 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  5. ^ a b c "QINSHAN-2-4". Power Reactor Information System. International Atomic Energy Agency. 30 June 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  6. ^ a b c d "QINSHAN-3-1". Power Reactor Information System. International Atomic Energy Agency. 30 June 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  7. ^ a b c d "QINSHAN-3-2". Power Reactor Information System. International Atomic Energy Agency. 30 June 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  8. ^ Qinshan Phase 1, 2 and 3 Archived October 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ "Canadian PM Visits Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant". People's Daily website. 23 October 2001. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  10. ^ Kosarenko, Yulia. "TQNPC fact sheet". www.candu.org. CANDU Owners Group Inc. Archived from the original on 22 June 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  11. ^ "China Nuclear Power | Chinese Nuclear Energy - World Nuclear Association". www.world-nuclear.org. World Nuclear Association. Retrieved 10 May 2017.