Qiongshan District

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Qiongshan
琼山区
District
Qiongshan is located in Hainan
Qiongshan
Qiongshan
Location in Hainan
Coordinates: 20°00′12″N 110°21′14″E / 20.0032°N 110.3540°E / 20.0032; 110.3540Coordinates: 20°00′12″N 110°21′14″E / 20.0032°N 110.3540°E / 20.0032; 110.3540
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHainan
Prefecture-level cityHaikou
Area
 • Total940 km2 (360 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total360,000
 • Density380/km2 (990/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China standard time)
Qiongshan
Traditional Chinese瓊山
Simplified Chinese琼山
PostalKiungshan
Literal meaningJade Mountain
Former names
Qiongzhou
Traditional Chinese瓊州
Simplified Chinese琼州
PostalKiungchow
Literal meaningJade Prefecture

Qiongshan District, formerly romanized as Kiungshan, is an urban district of Haikou, the capital of Hainan Province in the People's Republic of China.

History[edit]

As Qiongzhou, formerly romanized as Kiungchow,[a] the district was formerly a separate city which served as the center of Chinese administration on Hainan Island when it formed a part of Guangdong Province.[1]

Geography[edit]

Dongzhai Port Nature Reserve is located in the district and has an area of 2,500 hectares (6,200 acres). It includes six rivers, an irregular coastline, and a number of bays and tidewater gullies. The mangrove forest on the south coast provides a habitat for birds and other wildlife.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Mandarin is the official language of administration and education, but locals also speak the Qiongshan dialect of Lingao.

Education[edit]

Qiongzhou University is located in this district.

Notable residents[edit]

Hai Rui, Ming official and namesake of Hai Rui Park, was from Qiongshan. Chen Yuyi, chairman of the CPPCC Hainan Provincial Committee, was born in Qiongshan in 1936.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Other romanizations of Qiongzhou include Keung-chow Foo.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed. (1878), Vol. V, "China".
  2. ^ "Dongzhai Port Nature Reserve". UNESCO World Heritage Centre.

External links[edit]