Qiqihar–Bei'an Railway

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Qiqihar–Bei'an Railway or Qibei Railway (simplified Chinese: 齐北铁路; traditional Chinese: 齊北鐵路; pinyin: qíběi tiělù), is a single-track railroad in northeastern China between Qiqihar and Bei'an in Heilongjiang Province. The line is 231 km (144 mi) long and was built between 1928 and 1933.[1] Major cities and towns along route include Qiqihar, Fuyu, Keshan and Beian.

Line Description[edit]

In the south, the Qibei Railway begins outside the city of Qiqihar in the district of Ang'angxi, at the railroad junction with the Harbin-Manzhouli Railway. It heads northeast to Fuyu, where the Fuyu-Nenjiang (Funen) Railway continues northeast and this line turns eastward toward Keshan and Beian. At Beian, it intersects with the Harbin-Beian Railway.

History[edit]

In 1909, the Qing Dynasty planned a railway from Jinzhou to Qiqihar to Aihui, which includes a segment that coincides with the Qibei Line. Wary of Russian and Japanese designs on the region, the Qing government signed a financing agreement with an Anglo-American consortium but the railway was never built. Actual construction began in June 1928 when northeastern China was ruled by the Republic of China, and the line was planned to run 205 km to Keshan. The section from Qiqihar to Yi'an entered into operation in January 1931. The Mukden Incident of September 18, 1931 halted further work on the Qiqihar-Keshan (Qike) Railway, as it was known. In June 1932, the Japanese Kwantung Army resumed construction. This effort was hampered by attacks and sabotage by partisan forces led by Ma Zhanshan, Su Bingwen and others. From October 20 to November 10, 1932, Ma's Northeast Anti-Japanese National Salvation Army laid siege to the Laha station before being driven back by Japanese and collaborationist reinforcements.[2] The rest of the line to Beian was completed in November 1933.

Stations on the line[edit]

Station name Chinese Distance (km) Rail
connection
Qiqihar 齐齐哈尔 0 Harbin–Manzhouli Railway
Gaotou 高头 10
Fengtun 冯屯 17
Dahabo 大哈伯
Taha 塔哈 30
Qunli 群力 39
Zhonghe 中和 49
Hachuan 哈川 55
Fuyu 富裕 63 Fuyu–Nenjiang Railway
Shulin 树林 79
Fuhai 富海 96
Xintun 新屯
Yi'an 依安 129
Taidong 泰东
Gucheng 古城 161
Keshan 克山 175
Guojia 郭家
Kedong 克东 207
Bei'an 北安 231

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Chinese) "全国铁路线路名称及其介绍2" Tieliu Archived July 7, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. 2007-02-28
  2. ^ (Chinese)义勇军的抗日斗争 Archived July 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. 2007-11-26