Qira County

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Qira County

策勒县چىرا ناھىيىسى

Chira
Location of the county in Hotan Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Location of the county in Hotan Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Qira is located in Xinjiang
Qira
Qira
Location of the seat in Xinjiang
Coordinates: 37°00′N 80°48′E / 37.000°N 80.800°E / 37.000; 80.800Coordinates: 37°00′N 80°48′E / 37.000°N 80.800°E / 37.000; 80.800
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Autonomous regionXinjiang
PrefectureHotan Prefecture
Area
 • Total31,688.01 km2 (12,234.81 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)[1]
 • Total147,050
 • Density4.6/km2 (12/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Websitexjcl.gov.cn (in Chinese)
Qira County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese策勒
Traditional Chinese策勒
Uyghur name
Uyghurچىرا ناھىيىسى

Qira County (چىرا ناھىيىسى), or Cele from Mandarin Chinese, is a county within the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and is under the administration of the Hotan Prefecture.[2] It contains an area of 31,590 km2 (12,200 sq mi). According to the 2002 census, it has a population of 130,000. The county is bordered to the east by Yutian / Keriya County and to the south by Rutog County, Ngari Prefecture in Tibet.

History[edit]

In his 1900-01 expedition in the region, Aurel Stein travelled across the northern section of today's Qira County, a section of the Taklamakan Desert between today's Lop County and the Keriya River. There were several wells along the course he took.[3]

Qira County was divided from Yutian / Keriya County in 1928/9.[4][5]

Since the founding of Xinjiang Autonomous Region in 1955, Qira County has been part of Hotan Prefecture.[4]

In the 1980s, 446 households living in the county seat were forced to relocate due to the effects of desertification which had brought the Taklamakan Desert within 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) km of their homes, sometimes burying homes in sand overnight.[6]

"When I woke up one morning, I found I couldn't open the door because of the weight of sand that had accumulated overnight. My crops were buried too, so I had no choice but to move" -Memet Simay, area resident[6]

In 1983, the Qira research station of the Chinese Academy of Sciences was founded to combat desertification. A transitional zone was established with help from the scientists at the station, and the sands were pushed back over 5 kilometres (3.1 mi).[7][better source needed]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Towns:[1][8][9]

Townships:

  • Qira (Cele, Chira; چىرا يېزىسى / 策勒), Damiku (Damagou, Ta-mu-kou, Ha-lang-kou; دامىكۇ يېزىسى[11] / 达玛沟), Qaka (Qiaha, Chaqa, Ch'i-ko-erh, Ch'ia-ha; چاقا يېزىسى[12] / 恰哈), Ulughsay (Wulukesayi; ئۇلۇغساي يېزىسى / 乌鲁克萨依), Nur (Nu'er, Nuri; نۇرى يېزىسى / 奴尔), Bostan (Bositan; بوستان يېزىسى / 博斯坦)

Other:

  • Regiment One Pasture (兵团一牧场)

Economy[edit]

Agricultural products of the county include wheat, corn, cotton, petroleum products, melons, pomegranates, walnuts, peaches, and apricots. Livestock raised in the county include horses, cows and sheep. Industry in the country includes electronics, construction, cotton ginning and food processing (fruits).[5]

Transportation[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 策勒县历史沿革 [Qira County Historical Development] (in Chinese). XZQH.org. 2 December 2014. Retrieved 14 December 2019. 2003年,全县总面积31688.01平方千米,{...}2010年第六次人口普查,策勒县常住总人口147050人,其中:策勒镇14562人,策勒乡31123人,固拉哈玛乡26621人,达玛沟乡19250人,恰哈乡15010人,乌鲁克萨依乡4587人,奴尔乡11581人,博斯坦乡6626人,色日克街道15684人,兵团一牧场2006人。 2014年10月20日,自治区政府(新政函[2014]177号)同意撤销固拉合玛乡,设立固拉合玛镇。调整后,全县辖2个镇、6个乡:策勒镇、固拉哈玛镇、策勒乡、达玛沟乡、恰哈乡、乌鲁克萨依乡、奴尔乡、博斯坦乡。
  2. ^ The official spelling is "Qira" according to Zhōngguó dìmínglù 中国地名录 (Beijing, SinoMaps Press 1997); ISBN 7-5031-1718-4; p. 308.
  3. ^ "NJ 44 Ho-tien". Washington, D. C.: U.S. Army Topographic Command. 1971 – via Perry–Castañeda Library Map Collection. STEIN 1900-01{...}WELL
  4. ^ a b 历史沿革. چىرا ناھىيىسى 策勒县人民政府 (in Chinese). Retrieved 14 December 2019. 民国17年(公元1928年)2月23日,中华民国政府批准将策勒县佐升格为策勒县治,同年,和阗行政长官制改为和田行政长官公署,策勒县隶属新疆省和阗行政长官公署管辖。中华人民共和国成立初,策勒县隶属新疆省和阗行政公署;1955年10月1日,新疆维吾尔自治区成立,策勒县隶属新疆维吾尔自治区和田地区。
  5. ^ a b 夏征农; 陈至立, eds. (September 2009). 辞海:第六版彩图本 [Cihai (Sixth Edition in Color)] (in Chinese). 上海. Shanghai: 上海辞书出版社. Shanghai Lexicographical Publishing House. p. 230. ISBN 9787532628599. 1929年由于阗县(今于田县)析置。{...}农产有小麦、玉米、小麦、棉花、油料作物及甜瓜、石榴、核桃、桃、杏等。畜产以马、牛、羊为主。工业有电力、建材、轧花、食品加工(果脯)等。
  6. ^ a b "Holding back the sands of time". China Daily. 27 May 2013. Retrieved 15 December 2019. Qira county was once a kingdom on the ancient Silk Road in the days of the Eastern Han Dynasty (AD 25-220). The county seat has relocated north three times because the sands have eaten up the cultivatable land. The first relocation occurred more than 2,000 years ago and the most recent about 620 years ago. In the 1980s, the county seat faced yet another relocation because the desert was only about 1.5 km away. Many locals were forced to move because their houses were buried under sand, often overnight.{...}Memet Simay's household was one of 446 in Qira township forced to relocate in the 1980s, although the family has since returned to the area. "When I woke up one morning, I found I couldn't open the door because of the weight of sand that had accumulated overnight. My crops were buried too, so I had no choice but to move," he recalled.
  7. ^ Cheng Yingqi (16 August 2013). "Scientists make land arable again". China Daily. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  8. ^ 策勒概况. چىرا ناھىيىسى 策勒县人民政府 (in Chinese). Retrieved 14 December 2019. 策勒县总人口16.8万人,维吾尔族占总人口的98%以上。全县辖6乡2镇1街道,
  9. ^ 2018年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:策勒县 [2018 Statistical Area Numbers and Rural-Urban Area Numbers: Qira County] (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 2018. Retrieved 15 December 2019. 统计用区划代码 名称 653225100000 策勒镇 653225101000 固拉合玛镇 653225200000 策勒乡 653225202000 达玛沟乡 653225203000 恰哈乡 653225204000 乌鲁克萨依乡 653225205000 奴尔乡 653225206000 博斯坦乡 653225500000 兵团一牧场
  10. ^ گۇلاخما (Variant Non-Roman Script - VS) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  11. ^ دامىكۇ (Variant Non-Roman Script - VS) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  12. ^ چاقا (Variant Non-Roman Script - VS) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency