Qitaihe

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Qitaihe
七台河市
Prefecture-level city
view east along Xuefu Street
view east along Xuefu Street
Location of Qitaihe City (yellow) in Heilongjiang (light grey) and China
Location of Qitaihe City (yellow) in Heilongjiang (light grey) and China
Qitaihe is located in Heilongjiang
Qitaihe
Qitaihe
Location of the city centre in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 45°46′N 131°00′E / 45.767°N 131.000°E / 45.767; 131.000
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHeilongjiang
County-level divisions4
Government
 • TypePrefecture-level city
 • CPC Qitaihe SecretaryZhang Xianjun (张宪军)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city6,221 km2 (2,402 sq mi)
Elevation209 m (686 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Prefecture-level city920,419
 • Urban620,935
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
zipcode154600
Area code(s)0464
ISO 3166 codeCN-HL-09
Licence plates黑K
ClimateDwb
Websitewww.qth.gov.cn
Qitaihe
七台河.png
"Qitaihe", as written in Chinese
Chinese name
Chinese七台河
Manchu name
Manchu script ᡴᡳᡨᠠᡳᡥᡝ
RomanizationCitaiho
Russian name
RussianЦитайхэ

Qitaihe (Chinese: 七台河; pinyin: Qītáihé) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. Covering an area 6,223 km2 (2,403 sq mi), it is geographically the smallest prefecture-level division of the province. Qitaihe also has the second smallest population of the cities in Heilongjiang. At the 2010 census, its total population was 920,419, while 620,935 live in the built up area made of 3 urban districts.[1]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 est.)
Area
(km²)
Density
(/km²)
Xinxing District 新兴区 Xīnxīng Qū 236,768 2003 1,925
Taoshan District 桃山区 Táoshān Qū 230,293 74 3,112
Qiezihe District 茄子河区 Qiézihé Qū 153,874 1,569 99
Boli County 勃利县 Bólì Xiàn 299,484 2,575 67

History[edit]

Qitaihe's history can be stretched back to 3,000 years ago during the Shang and Zhou Dynasties, when it was inhabited by the ancient Sushen group, the ancestors of the Manchu. In 1910, coal resources was found in Qitaihe.[2] However, coal mining industry did not really start until The CPC Committee of Heilongjiang Province ordered Hegang Mining Bureau to take charge of the Extractive industries in Boli County in 1958. Qitaihe began its development. On Jan 26, 1961, Boli Mining Bureau was established. The CPC Central Committee and State Council approved to establish Qitaihe District (七台河特区) as a pilot of the combination of enterprise management and government administration. In 1970, Qitaihe District was changed into Qitaihe City(County-level), which is under the jurisdiction of Jiamusi. In 1983, Qitaihe was designated a Prefecture-level city, and Boli County was put into Qitaihe's jurisdiction.

Geography and climate[edit]

Mineral Resource[edit]

Qitaihe is rich in fresh water and minerals including coal, gold and graphite. There are 26 reservoirs in total . The water storage capacity of the city's Taoshan Reservoir is 264 million steres. Qitaihe has a total coal reserve of 5.3 billion tons, ranking third after Shuangyashan and Jixi in Heilongjiang Province.

Climate[edit]

Qitaihe has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwb), with long, bitter, but dry winters, and humid and very warm summers.[3]

Economy[edit]

Coal mining is an important industry. Qitaihe is the only pilot city for coal recycling in Heilongjiang. The city's GDP topped RMB 23.35 billion in 2009, featuring a growth of 26% over the previous year.[4] Qitaihe is home to Qitaihe Coal Mining Group and Qitaihe No.1 Power Generation Company.

Transportation[edit]

The Tumen-Jiamusi Railway and the Boli-Qitaihe Railway connect the city with Mudanjiang, Jiamusi and other cities in Heilongjiang. Jiamusi Airport, Jixi Airport and Mudanjiang Airport, which offers regular flights to other domestic cities in China, are less than two hours away.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 黑龙江省第六次全国人口普查情况新闻发布会 (in Chinese)
  2. ^ 历史纪年大事记 (in Chinese). Qitaihe People's Government. Archived 2012-04-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ http://en.climate-data.org/location/2509/
  4. ^ Profiles of China Provinces, Cities and Industrial Parks

External links[edit]