Qiupa Formation

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Qiupa Formation
Stratigraphic range: Late Cretaceous
TypeGeological formation
RegionHenan Province, China
Country China

The Qiupa Formation is a Late Cretaceous geologic formation in Henan Province, central China. It is rich in dinosaur eggs and bones, such as those of oviraptorids, troodontids, ankylosaurids, ornithopods and ornithomimids.[1]


Color key
Taxon Reclassified taxon Taxon falsely reported as present Dubious taxon or junior synonym Ichnotaxon Ootaxon Morphotaxon
Uncertain or tentative taxa are in small text; crossed out taxa are discredited.


Taxon Member Material Notes Images
Qiupalong henanensis An ornithomimid.[2]
Luanchuanraptor henanensis A dromaeosaurid.[3]
"Tyrannosaurus" luanchuanensis A tyrannosaurid.[4]
Yulong mini A derived oviraptorid.[5]
Qiupanykus zhangi An alvarezsaurid.[6]


Taxon Member Material Notes Images
Lotheridium A deltatheriidid.[7]
Yubaatar A cimolodont.[8]


Taxon Member Material Notes Images
Tianyusaurus A polyglyphanodont.[9]
Funiusaurus A polyglyphanodont.[10]


  1. ^ Yoshitsugu Kobayashi; Junchang Lü; Yuong-Nam Lee; Li Xu; Xingliao Zhang (2008). "A new basal ornithomimid (Dinosauria: Theropoda) from the Late Cretaceous in Henan Province of China" (PDF). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 28 (Supplement 3): 101A. doi:10.1080/02724634.2008.10010459.
  2. ^ Xu, L.; Kobayashi, Y.; Lü, J.; Lee, Y. N.; Liu, Y.; Tanaka, K.; Zhang, X.; Jia, S.; Zhang, J. (2011). "A new ornithomimid dinosaur with North American affinities from the Late Cretaceous Qiupa Formation in Henan Province of China". Cretaceous Research. 32 (2): 213. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2010.12.004.
  3. ^ Lü, J.-C.; Xu, L.; Zhang, X.-L.; Ji, Q.; Jia, S.-H.; Hu, W.-Y.; Zhang, J.-M.; Wu, Y.-H. (2007). "New dromaeosaurid dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous Qiupa Formation of Luanchuan area, western Henan, China". Geological Bulletin of China. 26 (7): 777–786.
  4. ^ Z. Dong. 1979. Cretaceous dinosaurs of Hunan, China. Mesozoic and Cenozoic Red Beds of South China: Selected Papers from the "Cretaceous-Tertiary Workshop", Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology & Nanjing Institute of Paleontology (eds.), Science Press, Nanxiong, China 342-350
  5. ^ Lü, J.; Currie, P. J.; Xu, L.; Zhang, X.; Pu, H.; Jia, S. (2013). "Chicken-sized oviraptorid dinosaurs from central China and their ontogenetic implications". Naturwissenschaften. 100 (2): 165–175. Bibcode:2013NW....100..165L. doi:10.1007/s00114-012-1007-0. PMID 23314810.
  6. ^ Jun-chang Lü, Li Xu, Hua-li Chang, Song-hai Jia, Ji-ming Zhang, Dian-song Gao, Yi-yang Zhang, Cheng-jun Zhang and Fang Ding (2018) "A new alvarezsaurid dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous Qiupa Formation of Luanchuan, Henan Province, central China". China Geology 1: 28-35.
  7. ^ S. Bi, X. Jin, S. Li and T. Du. 2015. A new Cretaceous metatherian mammal from Henan, China. PeerJ 3:e896
  8. ^ L. Xu, X. Zhang, H. Pu, S. Jia, and J. Zhang, J., and J. Meng. 2015. Largest known Mesozoic multituberculate from Eurasia and implications for multituberculate evolution and biology. Scientific Reports 5(14950):1-11
  9. ^ J.-c. Lü, S.-a. Ji, and Z.-m. Dong. 2008. An Upper Cretaceous lizard with a lower temporal arcade. Naturwissenschaften 95(7):663-669
  10. ^ L. Xu, X. Wu, J. Lu, S. Jia, J. Zhang, H. Pu, and X. Zhang. 2014. A new lizard (Lepidosauria: Squamata) from the Upper Cretaceous of Henan, China. Acta Geologica Sinica 88:1041-1050