Qixing Mountain (Taipei)

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Coordinates: 25°10′17″N 121°33′06″E / 25.17139°N 121.55167°E / 25.17139; 121.55167

Qixing Mountain
Cising Mountain.jpg
Highest point
Elevation 1,120 m (3,670 ft)
Prominence 1,120 m (3,670 ft)
Coordinates 25°10′17″N 121°33′06″E / 25.17139°N 121.55167°E / 25.17139; 121.55167
Geography
Location Beitou District, Taipei, Taiwan
Geology
Age of rock Pleistocene
Mountain type Dormant volcano
Last eruption 700,000 BC

Qixing Mountain, also spelled Qixingshan or Chihsing Mountain, (Chinese: 七星山; Hanyu Pinyin: Qīxīng Shān; Tongyong Pinyin: Cising Shan; Wade–Giles: Ch'i1-Hsing1 Shan1; literally: "Seven Star Mountain") is located on the Datun Volcano Group and is the highest mountain in Taipei, at the rim of Taipei Basin. It is also the highest (dormant) volcano in Taiwan. It is located in the center of Yangmingshan National Park and its main peak is 1,120 metres (3,675 ft) above sea level.

It began erupting about 700,000 years ago.[1] There was a crater at the peak but it became seven small peaks due to post-eruption erosion.

The mountain has faults running across the southeast and northwest contours with volcanic landforms like hot springs and fumaroles.

Shamao Mountain (zh) is a round volcanic dome looking like a black gauze cap. As the lava was more viscous when the mountain was formed, it gradually became a tholoid, also known as a cumulo-dome volcano, it's 643 metres (2,110 ft) above sea level. Shamaoshan and Qigushan (七股山, 890 metres (2,920 ft)) are parasitic volcanoes of Qixingshan.

This mountain is the source of the name for Shichisei District (七星郡), Taihoku Prefecture, Taiwan under Japanese rule. This district included modern day Xizhi, Shilin, Beitou, Nangang, Neihu, Songshan, and Xinyi.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Geology". 9 Jul 2006. Archived from the original on 24 Sep 2009.