Qormi

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Qormi
Ħal Qormi
Città Pinto, Casal Fornaro, Casal Curmi
City and Local council
Qormi by night, as seen from Marsa
Qormi by night, as seen from Marsa
Flag of Qormi
Flag
Coat of arms of Qormi
Coat of arms
Motto: Altior ab Imo
(Rising from the Low)
Qormi in Malta.svg
Coordinates: 35°52′46″N 14°28′20″E / 35.87944°N 14.47222°E / 35.87944; 14.47222Coordinates: 35°52′46″N 14°28′20″E / 35.87944°N 14.47222°E / 35.87944; 14.47222
Country  Malta
Region Southern Region
District Northern Harbour District
Borders Attard, Balzan, Birkirkara, Ħamrun, Luqa, Marsa, Santa Venera, Siġġiewi, Żebbuġ
Government
 • Mayor Rosianne Cutajar (PL)
Area
 • Total 5 km2 (2 sq mi)
Population (March 2014)
 • Total 16,779
 • Density 3,400/km2 (8,700/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Qormi (m), Qormija (f), Qormin/Qriema (pl)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code QRM
Dialing code 356
ISO 3166 code MT-43
Zones Fuq tal-Blat, Ħara l-Belha, San Bastjan, San Dwardu, San Ġorġ, Ta' Farsina, Tal-Ħandaq, Tal-Ħlas, il-Vitorja, il-Wied.
Patron saint St. George
St. Sebastian
Day of festa Last Sunday of June (St. George)
3rd Sunday of July (St. Sebastian)
Website Official website

Qormi (Maltese: Ħal Qormi [ħal ʔormi]; Ħar Qurmi in the Qormi dialect), also known by its title Città Pinto, is a city in the Southern Region of Malta, located southwest of Valletta in the centre of the island. It has a population of 16,779 (as of March 2014), which makes it the fifth largest locality in Malta.[1]

The bordering towns of Qormi are Marsa, Luqa, Żebbuġ, Siġġiewi, Ħamrun, Birkirkara, Attard, Santa Venera and Balzan.

Qormi has two parishes, one dedicated to Saint George and one to Saint Sebastian. There are also two valleys in Qormi, Wied il-Kbir (The Large Valley), and Wied is-Sewda (Black Valley).

Elder inhabitants of Qormi speak a thick Qormi Dialect, yet this is now in decline.

History[edit]

The arch of Grandmaster Emanoel Pinto de Fonseca.

There are indications of it being inhabited in antiquity. Bronze Age pottery was found in the area known as Stabal indicating presence of humans as early as 1500-800 BC. Punic tombs have been found at St Edward's Street and Tal-Bajjada. Also, some Ancient Roman remains were found in the valley of Wied il-Kbir. However, chances are that in these times, there were only small communities in the whereabouts of Qormi.

It was only in the Middle Ages that it started to grow and prosper, probably thanks to its proximity to the Grand Harbour and its central position. The first written reference to the town is made in 1417 where it is recorded that the town provided some 100 men to serve in the Dejma, the national guard.[2]

The town is likely to have suffered a period of decline during the Great Siege of Malta due to the proximity of the Turkish camp in Marsa.

When Mons. Pietro Dusina, Malta's first Inquisitor and Apostolic Delegate, wrote his report of 1575 he records Qormi as being one of the active parishes administering a large area which today includes Ħamrun and even Valletta. The present St George Parish church was completed in 1684.[3]

In 1743 the town made a plea to Grandmaster Emanoel Pinto de Fonseca to elevate it to the level of a "city". This was granted and the town received the title of Città Pinto on 25 May 1743.[2] The decree issued by Pinto said "Habita relatione, Terra Curmi erigmus In Civitatem, Imponentes el nomen Pinto", which means that the land of Qormi, to which he gave his own name Pinto, was then given higher dignity from a piece of land to a city, a fact which is now preserved in the locality's Latin motto: "Altior Ab Imo" (which means, rising from the low). Qormi's bakers served most of the island's bread supplies.

Qormi also experienced plague, which led to some declines throughout its history. However, during the British rule, Qormi moved on with new institutions opening up, mainly schools. Following 1850 Qormi became one of the largest inhabited centres in Malta, with amenities such as water and electricity, which were somewhat rare in those times. Trade and crafts grew, especially Horse racing which is a hobby that Maltese often attribute to people from Qormi.

During the World Wars, Qormi played a small part as well. In World War I, many people from Qormi were employed at several British bases such as in Thessaloniki, and the ones in Qormi as well, such as the airship station in the area known as Saint Sebastian, which would later become a parish itself. In World War II, people from Qormi formed part of the Armed Forces. Qormi also became a refuge to many people from the Cottonera area, which was badly hit because this area sits off the Grand Harbour, and area which was fiercely attacked by the Axis powers. Qormi, although close, is not exactly in the Grand Harbour region, making it ideal for refuge in those times.

Qormi has two parishes, dedicated to Saint George and Saint Sebastian. Saint George's parish was the first one. However, when Qormi was growing, there was the need for the city to be split into two parishes to facilitate growth. Saint Sebastian was chosen because Qormi had turned to him during times of plague infestation, since he is the protector and patron saint of people ill from plague, according to Catholic tradition. This led to many Qormi citizens carrying the name of Ġorġ (George) and Bastjan (Sebastian) and their equivalents and derivatives.

Nowadays Qormi is the third largest locality in the nation of Malta, with two parishes, several institutions and a local council that governs the locality.

Governance[edit]

Local governance existed during the French occupation of Malta in 1798 however this was a limited and short-lived experiment. It was only in the 1990s that local councils were introduced in Malta with the first local council elections in Qormi taking place in 1994. Subsequent elections took place in 1998, 2001,[4] 2004[5] and 2007.[6]

Mayors[edit]

The following served as Qormi mayors:

Two mayors, Clyde Puli and Roderick Galdes, went on to serve as MPs in the House of Representatives of Malta with their respective parties representing the electoral district Qormi forms part of, with Puli being appointed Parliamentary Secretary for Youth and Sport in the 2008-2013 legislature and Roderick Galdes Parliamentary Secretary for Rural Affairs and Animal Rights in 2013 under the new Labour government.

Culture[edit]

Cuisine[edit]

Malta's staple food is bread and Maltese bread is very much sought after. Qormi is recognized nationally as the capital of Maltese bread-making. It boasts the largest number of bakeries in the country, several of which still operate in the traditional manner using wood-fired ovens.

The importance of Qormi's history was highlighted back in 2007 when for the first time in its local history, Qormi hosted the national event of 'Lejl f'Casal Fornaro', meaning 'A night in Casal Fornaro' as Qormi was known hundreds of years ago. This event brought the greatest thousands that Qormi never witnessed before, outgrowing even the attendance for the traditional feasts. So much was this event successful, that this activity was also done in 2008 and 2009, and is waiting the fourth edition on 16 October 2010. In this activity the tourist will enter into a traditional Maltese village, will see tens of different shows and exhibitions showing the traditional life of Qormi, and can also find the tasty purely traditional Maltese food.

Qormi also holds an annual Qormi Wine Festival and Malta National Spring Festival. On the third edition of the Malta National Spring Festival in 2011, some Qormi Bakers baked the biggest loaf in the world which weighed 2 tons and containing a diameter of 9 feet.[7]

Religious[edit]

Statue of The Last Supper, used during the Good Friday procession in Qormi.

Qormi has two patron saints which are Saint George and Saint Sebastian.

Qormi is divided into two parishes dedicated to these two saints. The first parish was that of Saint George. The parish of Saint Sebastian was created in 1936 after being made into a subsidiary parish in 1918. The origins of this parish go back to a statue to the saint erected as an act of thanksgiving for deliverance during the plague of 1813 and a small church built in 1880.[8] For two weeks in summer, the town celebrates the feasts of its saints. The feast of Saint George is celebrated in the last Sunday of June, while the feast of Saint Sebastian is celebrated in the third Sunday of July.

The town is also known for its Good Friday procession from the church of Saint George which features a number of life-size statues and over 500 participants.

Under the guidance of the St George archpriest, there is the Kumitat Festi Esterni (AD 1919). This committee is responsible for a large number of activities, which raise funds for the organization of the local fiesta. It is the first committee of the sort in Malta.

Band clubs[edit]

  • Pinto Philharmonic Society, St. Sebastian Band (Is-Soċjetà Filarmonika Pinto, Banda San Sebastjan)—founded in 1862, apart from being the first band club in Qormi it is also one of the earliest Maltese band clubs, originally in the Saint George parish but later moved to the Saint Sebastian parish due to the parish limits
    Is-Soċjeta Filarmonika Pinto, San Sebastjan
  • Filarmonica San Giorgio (Għaqda Mużikali San Ġorġ Martri) founded in 1893 in the St George parish. Since its formation the band has actively participated in the organisation of the parish feast and Holy Week activities. The organisation was also very active in the country's struggle to obtain self-government.[9]
  • Anici Band & Social Club (L-Għaqda Mużikali u Soċjali Aniċi)—founded in 1988 in the Saint George parish.[10]

Media[edit]

  • Qormi has two community radio stations. "Bastjaniżi FM", broadcasts on 95FM 24hrs a day. The website of Bastjanizi FM features live streaming. This community radio was founded by the four active feast organisations of St. Sebastian—St. Sebastian Firework factory, Ghaqda Armar, Kummisjoni Zghazagh bastjanizi and St. Sebastian Band. "Leħen il-Belt Ġorġjana" is broadcasting on 105.6fm, and opened in April 2008. It brought together all the committees which work in St George's Parish. *The only newspaper is a quarterly issue by the Local Council named "Id-Dielja" (The Grapevine), referring to the concentration of vineyards in the old times. The Għaqda Ġuże' Muscat Azzopardi/Awturi Qriema publishes twice yearly "Altior ab Imo" sent to its members.

Neighbourhoods[edit]

Known in Maltese as Żoni (Zones), Naħat (Sides) or Inħawi (Areas), Qormi is composed of the following neighbourhoods, separated into two different Parroċċi (Parishes), which also denote geographical areas:

Parroċċa San Ġorġ (Parruċċa San Ġorġ)

  • San Ġorġ

This is the old village core of Qormi. This area dates back to hundreds of years back, with the Saint George Parish Church dating back all the way to 1436. This area is home to the Għaqda Mużikali San Ġorġ Martri A.D 1893 club.

  • Barrakki (Previously known as Ħâra l-Belha (Ħûra l-Bilha))

Along with the San Ġorġ area, this is one of oldest zones of the city. This is essentially a residential area which is situated close to the San Ġorġ area.

  • San Franġisk (San Franġesk)

Adjacent to the San Ġorġ area, the San Franġisk area is situated around the Pjazza San Franġisk, which acts as an open space in the heart of Qormi. The square gets its name from an old chapel dedicated to Saint Francis. Although not very big, this area has served as a space for celebrations, most notably relating to Qormi F.C. wins. This may have been the traditional spot due to the presence of an old bar owned by the football club.

  • Il-Wied

The name means "The Valley", and this has been nicknamed so as it is really and truly a part of a valley, due to the low-lying nature of the city. This area has until recently been known for flooding when storms hit Malta.[11] The headquarters and training grounds of Qormi F.C. and the Qormi Youth Nursery, can be found in this area. In the area, the Qormi Cemetery is also found (Iċ-ċimitierju in the Qormi dialect).

  • Tal-Vitorja (Tal-Viturja)

This is a residential area close to the Saint Sebastian borders. It gets its name from the Chapel dedicated to Our Lady of Victory.

  • Tal-Ħlas (Tal-Ħlus)

Although the area is another residential area, just off Tal-Vitorja, it gets its name from a chapel in the countryside of Qormi (on the side of this area), Tal-Ħlas referring to "Deliverance", or Our Lady of Deliverance.

  • Ta' Farżina

Close to the Tal-Ħlas area, Ta' Farżina is a residential area, most notably with a large amount of blocks of flats.

  • Tal-Blat

Parroċċa San Bastjan (Parruċċa San Bastjun)

  • San Bastjan (San Bastjun)

The newer downtown centre, San Bastjan revolves around the majestic Knisja Parrokkjali ta' San Sebastjan (Parish Church of Saint Sebastian. Not very far, there is the Old Church of Saint Sebastian (Il-Knisja l-Qadima), which has now been converted into a church museum. The Pinto Philarmonic Society każin is situated here. The area has a small number of bars, cafes and food take away joints, together with grocery shops, stationeries, an other public amenities. The Local Council offices are situated between this area and Tal-Vitorja.

  • San Dwardu

San Dwardu is a residential area in the San Sebastjan Parish, taking its name from a principal street in the area, Triq San Dwardu.

Iż-Żona Industrijali Tal-Ħandaq, was first scheduled in 1992 to become a Housing Estate, eventually it was changed to become an Industrial Estate, sitting on the outskirts, on the west side.

  • Ta' Paskarella
  • Wara x-Shopwise

Sports[edit]

  • Qormi is home to Qormi FC, the football team of the town, playing in yellow and black. The team was promoted to the Maltese Premier League in 2008.
  • Qormi is also home to the Qormi Basketball Club, which was established in 1995.
  • Qormi Sharks RFC is a Rugby Union team that has moved to Qormi recently.
  • Qormi Hockey Club was founded in 1971 - CURRENT MALTESE NATIONAL LEAGUE HOCKEY CHAMPIONS for 5th year in a row season 2013-2014

List of sport clubs[edit]

A team photo of Qormi Hockey Team
Club Sport League
Qormi FC Football Maltese Premier League
Qormi Sharks RFC Rugby Union Maltese National Rugby League
Qormi BC Basketball Maltese National Basketball League
Qormi Clay Shooting Club Clay Pigeon Shooting
Qormi Klabb tal-Boċċi San Sebastjan Boċċi
Qormi Klabb tal-Boċċi San Ġorġ Boċċi
Qormi Cycling Club Cycling
Qormi Athletic Club Athletics
Ċaċċu Social Club Pool/Darts
Qormi Pigeon Racing Club Pigeon Racing

Schools[edit]

Kindergarten[edit]

  • Ġużé Muscat Azzopardi Kindergarten, San Bastjan
  • St Joseph School (Private Independent School) - Żbandola Street, Qormi

Primary[edit]

  • Ġużé Galea Primary School, San Ġorġ
  • Ġużé Muscat Azzopardi Primary (A,B), San Bastjan
  • St Joseph School (Private Independent School) - Żbandola Street, Qormi

Secondary[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Estimated Population by Locality 31st March, 2014". Government of Malta. 16 May 2014. Archived from the original on 21 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b (Maltese) "Storja ta' Ħal Qormi matul iż-żminijiet". cittapinto.com. Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. 
  3. ^ "Ħal Qormi". Visit Malta. Archived from the original on 16 May 2014. 
  4. ^ "Councils Election 2001 - Qormi (06)". Department of Information - Malta. Archived from the original on 14 March 2007. 
  5. ^ "Councils Election 2004 - Qormi (06)". Department of Information - Malta. Archived from the original on 16 February 2007. 
  6. ^ "Councils Election 2007 - Qormi (06)". Department of Information - Malta. Archived from the original on 3 March 2012. 
  7. ^ "Qormi bakers bake 9ft loaf". Times of Malta. 8 May 2011. Retrieved 12 June 2015. 
  8. ^ "Qormi - San Sebastjan". Archdiocese of Malta. 15 December 2006. Archived from the original on 2 January 2008. 
  9. ^ "Click here to edit title". Bandasangorg.com. Retrieved 2015-06-12. 
  10. ^ (Maltese) Bianchi, Carmel. "Storja ta' l-Ghaqda Muzikali Anici Qormi". Anici Band Club. Archived from the original on 14 July 2009. 
  11. ^ (Maltese) "Il-proġett kontra l-għarar suċċess f'Ħal-Qormi- KL Qormi". iNEWS Malta. 30 December 2014. Retrieved 12 June 2015. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • W&R Chambers Limited and Cambridge University Press, Chambers World Gazetteer: an A-Z of Geographical Information, 5th edition, 1988, page 528
  • Barry Turner (ed.), The Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2005, Palgrave Macmillan, page 1113

External links[edit]