|Basis||Quadrophenia rock opera by The Who|
Quadrophenia is a stage musical based on the sixth studio album by English rock band The Who, released on 19 October 1973, and a film of the same name, released in 1979. The album was the group's second full-length rock opera, and the story reveals social, musical and psychological events from an English teenager's perspective. The music and songs were composed by Pete Townshend and the story is set in London and Brighton in 1964 and '65.
The name of the musical is a variation on the popular usage of the medical diagnostic term "schizophrenia" as dissociative identity disorder, which reflects the four distinct personalities of Jimmy, the story's protagonist, as well as the personalities of the four members of The Who.
After the rock opera was released in 1973, The Who attempted to perform the album on a supporting tour. However, the effort turned out to be disastrous because of the complexity of the production. The album's music made extensive use of synthesizers and sound effects, which meant the group had to work to backing tapes for live performance. The band was constrained by playing to the tapes, and early performances were plagued by tape malfunctions. The band soon abandoned most of the rock opera in favor of their other hit songs. Only a few of the album's songs would be performed regularly on the group's subsequent tours in 1975-6, 1979–80, 1981, 1982, and 1989.
In 1994 Roger Daltrey, lead singer of The Who, celebrated his 50th birthday by performing a two-night spectacular of Who music at Carnegie Hall, followed by a major tour. This tour attracted attention to songs from The Who's Quadrophenia and gathered support for the staging of a major tour of the rock opera in 1996-1997.
In 1996 Pete Townshend was approached to produce Quadrophenia for The Prince's Trust concert at Hyde Park, London. He at first planned to perform the opera as a solo acoustic show using scenes from the film on backing screens, but after receiving offers of financing from Vespa, Townshend decided on a full-out production. The opera was performed with a large backing band, including Daltrey, John Entwistle on bass, Pete Townshend on acoustic guitar and vocals, Zak Starkey on drums, Rabbit Bundrick and Jon Carin on keyboards, Simon Townshend and Geoff Whitehorn on guitar and special guests including Phil Daniels as the Narrator/Jimmy, Gary Glitter as The Rocker, Adrian Edmonson as the Ace Face/Bellboy, Stephen Fry as the hotel manager, Trevor McDonald as the newsreader and Pink Floyd's David Gilmour as the bus driver. Gilmour also played additional lead guitar for that performance. A horn section and backing vocalists were included, along with other actors.
Afterward, Townshend decided to take the production on tour in 1996-1997 as The Who. For the subsequent tour of the UK and the US, Daniels was replaced by a filmed narrative, and Gilmour's role as the bus driver was taken over by Simon Townshend. Gary Glitter and P.J. Proby made guest appearances as The Godfather, and Billy Idol also guested as the Ace Face/Bellboy.
Townshend and Daltrey toured the rock opera again in 2012-13 without guest singers. The backing band included Simon Townshend on vocals and guitar, Pino Palladino on bass, Zak Starkey on drums, Loren Gold and John Coury on keyboards, J. Greg Miller and Reggie Grisham on horn and Frank Simes as music director. Scott Devours also played drums on part of the tour.
Development as a stage musical
In November 2005, Luna C Productions staged a theatrical version of Quadrophenia in Los Angeles, starring Stephen Shareaux as Jimmy. Additional performances were produced in March and November 2006.
In February 2007, students from the Royal Welsh College of Music & Drama staged "the first independent theatrical production of Quadrophenia blessed by Pete Townshend" at the Sherman Theatre in Cardiff, Wales. This production was reworked, recast and expanded by Director Tom Critchley and playwright Jeff Young into a successful full-scale UK Tour which launched at the Theatre Royal, Plymouth in May 2009. The four Jimmys were played by Ryan O'Donnell, Rob Kendrick, Jack Roth and George Maguire.
As of March 2013, NK Theatre Arts based in Romiley, Stockport, produced the world amateur premiere of the show with the personal permission of Townshend.
- Jackson, James (20 April 2009). "Pete Townshend on Quadrophenia, touring with The Who and the Mod revival". The Times (UK). Retrieved 20 May 2009.
- "‘Quadrophenia’ at Royal Welsh College of Music & Drama". Theatre in Wales website. 8 February 2007. Retrieved 20 May 2009.
- "TMA THEATRE AWARDS WINNERS & NOMINEES 2009". Retrieved 24 December 2011.
- "NK Theatre Arts Quadrophenia page". 23 February 2013.
- The musical's Facebook page
- Musical's YouTube trailer
- Quadrophenia resource guide
- NK Theatre Arts Quadrophenia page