Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park
|Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park
قائد اعطم سولر پارک
|Status||Phase I (100 MW) completed
Phase II (300 MW) commissioning
Phase III (600 MW) planned
|Construction began||End 2014|
|Commission date||2015 (phase I)|
|Construction cost||$150 million (phase I)|
|Collectors||392,158 (phase I)|
|Site area||6,500 acres (2,600 ha)|
|Site resource||1920 kWh/m2/yr|
|Units operational||400 MW|
|Nameplate capacity||1000 MW (planned)|
|Annual output||1530 GW·h (expected)|
The Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park (Urdu: قائد اعطم سولر پارک) is a photovoltaic power station under construction in Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan, named in honor of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan. Once fully completed it will have the capacity to generate 1,000 MW.
The first 100 MW were commissioned in May 2015, and were completed by Tebian Electric Apparatus, a subsidiary of Xinjiang SunOasis. The remaining 900 MW capacity will be installed by Zonergy under the China–Pakistan Economic Corridor. Carbon emissions are expected to be 90,750 tons per year less than if the 1,000 MW of electricity were generated by conventional fossil fuel sources. Another 300 MW were connected to the grid in June 2016. It is expected to be fully completed by the end of 2018.
The first 100 MW project is 100% owned by the Quaid-i-Azam Solar Power Pvt. Ltd. The project is purely in IPP mode and the financing is obtained from the Bank of Punjab. The turnkey contractor for the project is TBEA Xinjiang SunOasis Co. Ltd. The installation of the plant was completed within a record time of 3 months (Nov 2014 to Jan 2015).
Phase I, a 100 MW site, is 500 acres (200 ha), hosting 392,158 solar modules of 255 Wp each, 100 centralised inverters of 1 MW each, 100 transformers of 1 MVA each at 33kV. There are also 2 transformers of 100 MVA each at 132 kV in a 100 MVA substation. The electrical output is being connected to a 132kV transmission line that runs through the Solar Park. Currently the transmission line has a capacity of up to 400 MW and the utility company is in the process of upgrading its capacity to 1,000 MW.
The project started generating 100 MW of power in April 2015. The first phase was built for a cost of about $131 million. Once completed, the project will generate more than the current 550 MW installed capacity in the Topaz Solar Farm and the Desert Sunlight Solar Farm in California. The project's expected completion in 2016 would make it the largest photovoltaic power station.
The government has invited investors to invest in the balance of 900 MW, in which several local and international companies will establish projects. Several domestic and international investors have been granted LOIs to start the process of establishment of solar plants on an IPP (independent power producer) basis.
The Government of Pakistan announced a new upfront feed in tariff for solar power plants in January 2015, where the investors will be able to sell electricity to the national grid at between 14 and 15 US cents per kWh. The announcement of this tariff and the completion of the first 100 MW at Bahawalpur has generated great interest with investors.
In May 2016, the owner, Quaid-i-Azam Solar Power, claimed that the first phase of 100 MW is yielding about 169 GW·h yearly, an improvement on the stated target of 153 GW·h annually. The chief executive officer of Quaid-i-Azam Solar Power suggested that panels in Pakistan would produce 33% more power than in Germany, considering solar radiation and temperature. It was also said that the average efficiency of the 100MW phase, over the years, was 80% with an average of 20% plant output losses and that the DC plant values would suffer 20% losses because of conversion into AC. More, that irradiation at an installed plant in Pakistan was 1,920 kW·h/m2, more than in India, China, Germany and Spain. The second phase of 300 MW was approaching commissioning. A 220 kV grid station is being built for transmitting the last generation phase of 600 MW.
Turkish company Zorlu Enerji Holding
In January 2017, ZEH and the Punjab government inked a deal for the establishment of a 100 MW power plant at Quid-e-Azam solar park in Bahawalpur by June 2017. In February 2017, ZEH announced it would set up another 200 MW solar power plant at Quaid-i-Azam solar park in Bahawalpur by December 2017. The provincial authorities did not reveal the cost of the two deals.
Allegation of corruption against local contractors
Charges of embezzlement were reported in the local media, with regard to the sale of the trees felled to make space for the plant. Hired contractors allegedly sold the trees on the open market rather than in an auction held by the energy department.
- Energy Department (Punjab, Pakistan)
- List of power stations in Pakistan
- List of photovoltaic power stations
- List of dams and reservoirs in Pakistan
- Solar power in Pakistan
- Renewable energy in Pakistan
- "Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park: Solar energy's 100MW to arrive in April". Tribune. 27 March 2015.
- "Alternate energy: Pakistan's first solar park rolled out". The Express Tribune. 10 May 2014.
- "Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park approved". The Nation.
- "Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park: Solar energy's 100MW to arrive in April". The Express Tribune. 27 March 2015.
- "World's largest solar park to light up Pakistan's future" (8 September 2015). Dawn. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
- Zonergy plugs in 300-MW solar park in Pakistan - report. Retrieved 6th December 2016.
- Zulkader Siddiqui, Kazi (2015). "A Dream to Reality : Pakistan's first 100MW Solar Power Plant" (PDF). www.powerasia.com.pk. TBEA China. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
- "100mw Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park to be role model in energy sector: CM". The News International, Pakistan. 14 January 2014.
- "Pakistan plans huge desert solar park to fight energy crisis". The Express Tribune. 20 April 2014.
- Ali Ghumman, Faisal (5 November 2015). "'Solar Park producing 12pc more power than target'". www.dawn.com. Pakistan Herald Publications Limited (PHPL). Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- Gill, Majeed (10 October 2015). "Solar Park project: Cholistan's precious trees being illegally sold". www.dawn.com. Retrieved 20 May 2016.