|Brown quail, Coturnix ypsilophora
Old World quail are placed in the family Phasianidae, and New World quail are placed in the family Odontophoridae. The species of buttonquail are named for their superficial resemblance to quail, and form the family Turnicidae in the order Charadriiformes. The king quail, an Old World quail, often is sold in the pet trade, and within this trade is commonly, though mistakenly, referred to as a "button quail". Many of the common larger species are farm-raised for table food or egg consumption, and are hunted on game farms or in the wild, where they may be released to supplement the wild population, or extend into areas outside their natural range. In 2007, 40 million quail were produced in the U.S.
New World quail (Odontophoridae)
- Genus Oreortyx
- Mountain quail, Oreortyx pictus
- Genus Callipepla
- Genus Philortyx
- Banded quail, Philortyx fasciatus
- Genus Colinus
- Genus Odontophorus
- Marbled wood quail, Odontophorus gujanensis
- Spot-winged wood quail, Odontophorus capueira
- Black-eared wood quail, Odontophorus melanotis
- Rufous-fronted wood quail, Odontophorus erythrops
- Black-fronted wood quail, Odontophorus atrifrons
- Chestnut wood quail, Odontophorus hyperythrus
- Dark-backed wood quail, Odontophorus melanonotus
- Rufous-breasted wood quail, Odontophorus speciosus
- Tacarcuna wood quail, Odontophorus dialeucos
- Gorgeted wood quail, Odontophorus strophium
- Venezuelan wood quail, Odontophorus columbianus
- Black-breasted wood quail, Odontophorus leucolaemus
- Stripe-faced wood quail, Odontophorus balliviani
- Starred wood quail, Odontophorus stellatus
- Spotted wood quail, Odontophorus guttatus
- Genus Dactylortyx
- Singing quail, Dactylortyx thoracicus
- Genus Cyrtonyx
- Genus Rhynchortyx
- Tawny-faced quail, Rhynchortyx cinctus
Old World quail (Phasianidae)
- Genus Coturnix
- Common quail, Coturnix coturnix
- Japanese quail, Coturnix japonica
- Stubble quail, Coturnix pectoralis
- New Zealand quail, Coturnix novaezelandiae
- Rain quail, Coturnix coromandelica
- Harlequin quail, Coturnix delegorguei
- †Canary Islands quail, Coturnix gomerae
- Brown quail, Coturnix ypsilophora
- Blue quail, Coturnix adansonii
- King quail, Coturnix chinensis
- Genus Anurophasis
- Snow Mountains quail, Anurophasis monorthonyx
- Genus Perdicula
- Genus Ophrysia
- Himalayan quail, Ophrysia superciliosa (critically endangered/extinct)
- Genus Rollulus
- Green wood quail, Rollulus rouloul
Quails in cookery
Quail that have fed on hemlock (e.g., during migration) may induce acute renal failure due to accumulation of toxic substances from the hemlock in the meat; this problem is referred to as "coturnism".
- 2007 Census of Agriculture: United States Summary and State Data Volume 1 • Geographic Area Series • Part 51 AC-07-A-51 (PDF). USDA. February 2009. p. 423.
- USGS - Animal Congregations, or What Do You Call a Group Archived March 20, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Bevy", Merriam-Webster.com.
- Tsironi M, Andriopoulos P, Xamodraka E, et al. (2004). "The patient with rhabdomyolysis: have you considered quail poisoning?". CMAJ 171 (4): 325–6. doi:10.1503/cmaj.1031256. PMC 509041. PMID 15313988.
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