Quanah, Texas

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Quanah, Texas
Hardeman County Courthouse in 2006
Hardeman County Courthouse in 2006
Location of Quanah, Texas
Location of Quanah, Texas
Hardeman County Quanah.svg
Coordinates: 34°17′44″N 99°44′31″W / 34.29556°N 99.74194°W / 34.29556; -99.74194Coordinates: 34°17′44″N 99°44′31″W / 34.29556°N 99.74194°W / 34.29556; -99.74194
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyHardeman
Named forQuanah Parker
Government
 • MayorDale Eaton
Area
 • Total3.48 sq mi (9.00 km2)
 • Land3.48 sq mi (9.00 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,572 ft (479 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total2,641
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
2,487
 • Density715.48/sq mi (276.23/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
79252
Area code940
FIPS code48-60044[3]
GNIS feature ID1365885[4]
Websitewww.quanah.tx.citygovt.org

Quanah /ˈkwɑːnə/ is a city in and the county seat of Hardeman County, Texas, United States.[5] As of the 2010 census the population was 2,641,[6] down from 3,022 at the 2000 census.

Quanah is 192 miles (309 km) northwest of Fort Worth and 8 miles (13 km) south of the Red River, which forms the Oklahoma-Texas state line. Copper Breaks State Park is 12 miles (19 km) south of the city.

History[edit]

Quanah was organized in 1884 as a stop on what was then the Fort Worth and Denver City Railway. The city was named for Quanah Parker, the last Comanche chief.

The county seat of Hardeman County was moved from Margaret to Quanah in 1890 after an acrimonious battle that contributed to the splitting off of the southern section of Hardeman County as Foard County.[7] The courthouse, constructed in 1908, anchors what is now the historic downtown district. The courthouse was financed by a bond election approved by voters in 1906. The project architect was R.H. Stuckey of Chillicothe, Texas. It has a domed cupola and Ionic columns.[8]

Geography[edit]

Quanah is at the geographic center of Hardeman County, at the intersection of U.S. Route 287 (11th Street) and Texas State Highway 6 (Main Street). US 287 leads southeast 30 miles (48 km) to Vernon and northwest 28 miles (45 km) to Childress. Highway 6 leads south 21 miles (34 km) to Crowell and north 8 miles (13 km) to the Oklahoma border at the Red River. Altus, Oklahoma, is 40 miles (64 km) northeast of Quanah via Oklahoma Highway 6.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Quanah has a total area of 3.5 square miles (9.0 km2), all of it land.[6]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Quanah, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 54
(12)
58
(14)
67
(19)
76
(24)
84
(29)
94
(34)
98
(37)
98
(37)
90
(32)
79
(26)
65
(18)
55
(13)
77
(25)
Average low °F (°C) 28
(−2)
31
(−1)
38
(3)
48
(9)
54
(12)
67
(19)
71
(22)
71
(22)
63
(17)
51
(11)
38
(3)
30
(−1)
49
(10)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.7
(18)
0.9
(23)
1.4
(36)
2.6
(66)
3.6
(91)
3.4
(86)
2.1
(53)
2.2
(56)
2.7
(69)
2.8
(71)
1.1
(28)
1.2
(30)
24.6
(620)
Source: Weatherbase [9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18901,477
19001,65111.8%
19103,12789.4%
19203,69118.0%
19304,46420.9%
19403,767−15.6%
19504,58921.8%
19604,564−0.5%
19703,948−13.5%
19803,890−1.5%
19903,413−12.3%
20003,022−11.5%
20102,641−12.6%
2019 (est.)2,487[2]−5.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
Map of Quanah from 1890
Quanah (c. 1920–1932)
Quanah's commercial district is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

2020 census[edit]

Quanah racial composition[11]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 1,529 67.1%
Black or African American (NH) 106 4.7%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 9 0.4%
Asian (NH) 18 0.8%
Pacific Islander (NH) 1 nil
Some Other Race (NH) 5 0.2%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 79 3.5%
Hispanic or Latino 532 23.3%
Total 2,279

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 2,279 people, 1,088 households, and 700 families residing in the city.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 3,022 people, 1,255 households, and 823 families residing in the city. Now in 2010 the United States Census as said there are 2,642 people, a drop in population of 390 people. The population density was 866.8 people per square mile (334.3/km2). There were 1,485 housing units at an average density of 425.9 per square mile (164.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.1% White, 5.0% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 8.2% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.5% of the population.

There were 1,255 households, out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.1% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 22.0% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 22.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,354, and the median income for a family was $29,506. Males had a median income of $26,472 versus $18,403 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,841. About 16.6% of families and 20.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.8% of those under age 18 and 16.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Republican Drew Springer, Jr., a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has represented Quanah in the Texas House of Representatives since January 2013.[14]

Education[edit]

The city is served by the Quanah Independent School District and is home to the Quanah High School Indians.

Infrastructure[edit]

Health care[edit]

Quanah is home to a branch of the Helen J. Farabee Counseling Centers.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Quanah city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 2, 2018.
  7. ^ Bill Neal, The Last Frontier: A History of Hardeman County. Austin: Eakin Press, 1996, p. 50
  8. ^ Historical marker, Hardeman County Courthouse, Quanah, Texas
  9. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Quanah, Texas". Weatherbase. 2011. Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-19.
  12. ^ https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
  13. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  14. ^ "State Rep. Springer announces district tour July 30". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal, July 16, 2013. Retrieved July 18, 2013.
  15. ^ "Judias V. Buenoano". Office of the Clark County Prosecuting Attorney.
  16. ^ "Bill Evans". Baseball in Wartime. January 6, 2008.
  17. ^ "About John Gilliland". University of north Texas Digital Library.
  18. ^ "Biographical Data". NASA. June 1967.
  19. ^ "Valor awards for Welborn Barton Griffith, Jr". valor.militarytimes.com. Retrieved 2017-05-25.
  20. ^ "Fred C. Koch". Fred and Mary Koch Foundation. Archived from the original on 2013-11-14.
  21. ^ "Quanah, Texas". Texas Escapes. May 7, 2010.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[12][13]

External links[edit]