Quantum-class cruise ship
|Builders:||Meyer Werft, Papenburg, Germany |
|Operators:||Royal Caribbean International|
|Preceded by:||Oasis class|
|Succeeded by:||Icon class|
|Length:||348 m (1,142 ft)|
|Draught:||8.5–8.8 m (28–29 ft)|
|Decks:||18 (16 passenger-accessible)|
|Speed:||22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph)|
Quantum class is a class of cruise ships from Royal Caribbean International, previously known by the code name Project Sunshine. The Quantum class is the third largest class of cruise ships behind MSC Cruises's Meraviglia class and Royal Caribbean International's Oasis class by gross tonnage. The first two ships of this class, Quantum of the Seas and Anthem of the Seas were delivered in November 2014 and April 2015, respectively. The third ship, Ovation of the Seas, was delivered in April 2016.
Quantum of the Seas spent its inaugural 2014–2015 season sailing from Cape Liberty in Bayonne, New Jersey, United States, before repositioning to China in May 2015. Beginning late June 2015, the ship began sailing three- to eight-night itineraries year-round from Shanghai to Japan and South Korea. Anthem of the Seas spent its inaugural 2015 season sailing from Southampton, Hampshire, UK, before repositioning to Cape Liberty in November 2015. Ovation of the Seas will have Sydney as its home port, sailing Australian and New Zealand itineraries in the summer of 2016–17.
In May 2015, Royal Caribbean signed an agreement to build a fourth Quantum-class ship and agreed to build a fifth ship in November of the same year. In June 2018, details of the fourth Quantum ship, Spectrum of the Seas, were released. Spectrum will sail from Shanghai, China in June 2019.
The Quantum class represented a different direction for Royal Caribbean. The Voyager and Freedom-class designs evolved into the Oasis class which was considered the pinnacle in terms of scale and facilities. By contrast, the Quantum-class lineage is closer to that of the Radiance class which was designed for cruising in cooler climates; the Quantum class is smaller than the preceding Oasis class as the Radiance class is smaller than the earlier Voyager class. Although not RCI's largest ship, the Quantum class pioneers several new innovations to the cruise line.
Quantum-class ships have 16 passenger-accessible decks, 8 of which feature balcony staterooms overlooking the ocean. Like the Celebrity Solstice class, those staterooms above the lifeboats are recessed into the superstructure and do not look down directly at the ocean. There are a total of 2,090 staterooms: 1,570 balcony staterooms, 147 ocean-view staterooms, and 373 inside staterooms. Of those staterooms, 34 are wheelchair accessible and 28 are studio staterooms for single travelers (including 12 studio staterooms with balconies). All aft-facing staterooms are 2-story "loft" suites. Expanding on the "Virtual Porthole" concept introduced by Disney Cruise Line on Disney Dream, all the interior staterooms feature a floor-to-ceiling 80-inch high-definition TV screen showing live views from the outside of the ship, which Royal Caribbean calls a "Virtual Balcony". On average, staterooms on the Quantum class are 9 percent larger than those on the preceding Oasis class.
Like the earlier Freedom and Oasis-class ships, the "Sports Court" on deck 15 aft features a Wave Loch Flowrider surf simulator and a rock-climbing wall. A new feature on the Quantum class is "RipCord by iFLY", a skydiving simulator set in a recirculating indoor recreational vertical wind tunnel. Reservations for RipCord are able to be made online in advance of the cruise. All the features of the Sports deck are complimentary, although Royal Caribbean charges for pictures and videos taken of RipCord participants.
The "North Star" observation tower, located at the forward end of the top deck, uses a 7.1-tonne (7.8-short-ton) glass-walled capsule on the end of a 41-meter-long (135 ft) crane arm to lift groups of up to 14 guests up and over the edge of the ship, reaching heights of up to 91 metres (300 ft) above sea level. Rides on the North Star are complimentary, with the exception of sunrise, sunset, and private trips which have a charge, and can be reserved online in advance.
Deck 14 features an outdoor pool with a large video screen, an indoor pool with a retractable roof, an indoor "Solarium" with an adults-only pool, the "H2O Zone" kids' water park featuring the first wave pool on a cruise ship, and at least 4 whirlpools. Other included features that have become standard on recent Royal Caribbean ships include a Spa and Fitness Center on decks 15 and 16, the "Adventure Ocean" kids club on decks 11 and 12, a Broadway-style "The Royal Theater" on decks 3–5, and a Casino on deck 3. Unlike the earlier Voyager, Freedom, and Oasis classes, Quantum-class ships do not feature a Viking Crown Lounge or ice skating rink, and the Royal Promenade mall down the center of the ship is replaced with the two-story "Royal Esplanade".
The ships also feature a number of multi-purpose venues.
The ships use an Air Lubrication System (ALS) to reduce the friction in the water in order to improve the performance of the vessel during cruising.
On 11 February 2011, Royal Caribbean announced that they had ordered the first of a new class of ships from the Meyer Werft shipyard in Papenburg, Germany scheduled to be delivered by Fall 2014. At the time, the project was code-named "Project Sunshine". Later that year, two 20.5-megawatt ABB Azipod XO propulsion units were ordered for that ship. On 29 February 2012 the company announced that a second "Project Sunshine" ship had been ordered and would be delivered by Spring 2015, and ordered identical Azipod propulsion units shortly thereafter. Just under a year later, on 31 January 2013, steel cutting for the first ship began with a silhouette of the ship being cut by laser. The same day, Royal Caribbean announced the official name of the new class of ships, Quantum Class, as well as the names of the first two ships in the class, Quantum of the Seas and Anthem of the Seas. These names were among a series of names that Royal Caribbean had filed for trademarks on in late 2012, including Passion of the Seas, Vantage of the Seas, Ovation of the Seas, and the Pulse of the Seas (these other trademarks were abandoned as of January 2014[update]). Details on the major features of Quantum of the Seas were announced on 16 April 2013.
On 30 May 2013, Royal Caribbean announced that they had signed a contract with Meyer Werft for a third Quantum-class ship for delivery mid-2016 and that an option existed for a fourth ship in 2017, although a decision was made in January 2014 not to exercise the option for the fourth ship. On 18 September 2014, the name of the third Quantum-class ship was announced to be Ovation of the Seas.
On 7 May 2015, Royal Caribbean entered into an agreement with Meyer Werft for a fourth Quantum-class ship for delivery in 2019, subject to financing and other conditions.
On 3 November 2015, Royal Caribbean entered into an agreement with Meyer Werft for a fifth Quantum-class ship for delivery in 2020.
Quantum-class ships have 16 passenger-accessible decks with a total of 2,090 passenger cabins. Their facilities include a Wave Loch Flowrider surf simulator, a rock-climbing wall, a skydiving simulator, swimming pools, a solarium, a Spa and Fitness Center, a theater and a casino.
Quantum Ultra class
Royal Caribbean announced on 26 April 2017, that the fourth Quantum-class ship would not only be designed and based in the Asia-Pacific region; but will also be based on a new Quantum Ultra-class design.
In June 2018, it was revealed that the fourth ship would be Spectrum of the Seas. It can accommodate 4246 guests at double occupancy and 1551 international crew members.
|Name||Status||Entered service with Royal Caribbean||Gross tonnage||Notes||Image|
|Quantum of the Seas||In Service||31 October 2014||168,666|
|Anthem of the Seas||In Service||20 April 2015||168,666|
|Ovation of the Seas||In Service||8 April 2016||168,666|
|Quantum Ultra class|
|Spectrum of the Seas||In Service||11 April 2019||169,379||Designed and based for the Asia-Pacific region. Ordered on 7 May 2015. Keel laid on 8 November 2017. Launching from Shanghai, China in June 2019. First ship of the Quantum Ultra class. Floated out on 25 February 2019.|
|Odyssey of the Seas||Under Construction||Fall of 2020 (planned)||169,379||Steel cutting ceremony 1 February 2019, keel laid on 3 May 2019.
To be based in North America.
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