Quantum-class cruise ship

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Quantum of the Seas - Wedel 04.jpg
Class overview
Builders: Meyer Werft, Papenburg, Germany [1]
Operators: Royal Caribbean International
Preceded by: Oasis class
Succeeded by: Icon class
Planned: 5
Building: 1
Completed: 4
Active: 4
General characteristics
Type: Cruise ship
Tonnage: 168,666 GT[2][3][4]
Length: 348 m (1,142 ft)[2][3][4]
Beam:
  • 48.9–49.47 m (160–162 ft) (max)[2][3][4]
  • 41.2–41.4 m (135–136 ft) (waterline)[2][3][4]
Draught: 8.5–8.8 m (28–29 ft)[2][3][4]
Decks: 18[5] (16 passenger-accessible)[6]
Installed power:
  • 2 × Wärtsilä 12V46F (2 × 14,400 kW)[2]
  • 2 × Wärtsilä 16V46F (2 × 19,200 kW)[2]
  • 2 × Cat 3516C HD (2 × 2,500 kW)[2]
Propulsion:
Speed: 22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph)[8]
Capacity:
  • 4,180 passengers (double occupancy)[6]
  • 4,905 passengers (maximum occupancy)[6]

Quantum class is a class of cruise ships from Royal Caribbean International, previously known by the code name Project Sunshine. The Quantum class is the third largest class of cruise ships behind MSC Cruises's Meraviglia class and Royal Caribbean International's Oasis class by gross tonnage.[1] The first two ships of this class, Quantum of the Seas and Anthem of the Seas were delivered in November 2014 and April 2015, respectively. The third ship, Ovation of the Seas, was delivered in April 2016.[1][9][10][11][12]

Quantum of the Seas spent its inaugural 2014–2015 season sailing from Cape Liberty in Bayonne, New Jersey, United States, before repositioning to China in May 2015. Beginning late June 2015, the ship began sailing three- to eight-night itineraries year-round from Shanghai to Japan and South Korea. Anthem of the Seas spent its inaugural 2015 season sailing from Southampton, Hampshire, UK, before repositioning to Cape Liberty in November 2015.[13] Ovation of the Seas will have Sydney as its home port, sailing Australian and New Zealand itineraries in the summer of 2016–17.[14]

In May 2015, Royal Caribbean signed an agreement to build a fourth Quantum-class ship and agreed to build a fifth ship in November of the same year. In June 2018, details of the fourth Quantum ship, Spectrum of the Seas, were released.[15] Spectrum will sail from Shanghai, China in June 2019.[16]

Design[edit]

The Quantum class represented a different direction for Royal Caribbean. The Voyager and Freedom-class designs evolved into the Oasis class which was considered the pinnacle in terms of scale and facilities. By contrast, the Quantum-class lineage is closer to that of the Radiance class which was designed for cruising in cooler climates; the Quantum class is smaller than the preceding Oasis class as the Radiance class is smaller than the earlier Voyager class. Although not RCI's largest ship, the Quantum class pioneers several new innovations to the cruise line.[17]

Staterooms[edit]

Quantum-class ships have 16 passenger-accessible decks, 8 of which feature balcony staterooms overlooking the ocean. Like the Celebrity Solstice class, those staterooms above the lifeboats are recessed into the superstructure and do not look down directly at the ocean. There are a total of 2,090 staterooms: 1,570 balcony staterooms, 147 ocean-view staterooms, and 373 inside staterooms. Of those staterooms, 34 are wheelchair accessible and 28 are studio staterooms for single travelers (including 12 studio staterooms with balconies). All aft-facing staterooms are 2-story "loft" suites. Expanding on the "Virtual Porthole" concept introduced by Disney Cruise Line on Disney Dream, all the interior staterooms feature a floor-to-ceiling 80-inch high-definition TV screen showing live views from the outside of the ship, which Royal Caribbean calls a "Virtual Balcony". On average, staterooms on the Quantum class are 9 percent larger than those on the preceding Oasis class.[6][18][19][20]

Features[edit]

Ovation of the Seas with "North Star" observation tower raised, Fremantle Harbour, 2016
Ovation of the Seas with "North Star" observation tower raised, Fremantle Harbour, 2016

Like the earlier Freedom and Oasis-class ships, the "Sports Court" on deck 15 aft features a Wave Loch Flowrider surf simulator and a rock-climbing wall.[21] A new feature on the Quantum class is "RipCord by iFLY", a skydiving simulator set in a recirculating indoor recreational vertical wind tunnel.[22] Reservations for RipCord are able to be made online in advance of the cruise. All the features of the Sports deck are complimentary, although Royal Caribbean charges for pictures and videos taken of RipCord participants.[20]

The "North Star" observation tower, located at the forward end of the top deck, uses a 7.1-tonne (7.8-short-ton) glass-walled capsule on the end of a 41-meter-long (135 ft) crane arm to lift groups of up to 14 guests up and over the edge of the ship, reaching heights of up to 91 metres (300 ft) above sea level. Rides on the North Star are complimentary, with the exception of sunrise, sunset, and private trips which have a charge, and can be reserved online in advance.[20][23][24]

Anthem of the Seas is the first cruise ship to offer an on-board live room escape game, Puzzle Break's "Escape from the Future."[25]

Deck 14 features an outdoor pool with a large video screen, an indoor pool with a retractable roof, an indoor "Solarium" with an adults-only pool, the "H2O Zone" kids' water park featuring the first wave pool on a cruise ship,[26] and at least 4 whirlpools.[5][19] Other included features that have become standard on recent Royal Caribbean ships include a Spa and Fitness Center on decks 15 and 16, the "Adventure Ocean" kids club on decks 11 and 12, a Broadway-style "The Royal Theater" on decks 3–5, and a Casino on deck 3. Unlike the earlier Voyager, Freedom, and Oasis classes, Quantum-class ships do not feature a Viking Crown Lounge or ice skating rink, and the Royal Promenade mall down the center of the ship is replaced with the two-story "Royal Esplanade".[19][20][27]

The ships also feature a number of multi-purpose venues.[5]

The ships use an Air Lubrication System (ALS) to reduce the friction in the water in order to improve the performance of the vessel during cruising.

History[edit]

On 11 February 2011, Royal Caribbean announced that they had ordered the first of a new class of ships from the Meyer Werft shipyard in Papenburg, Germany scheduled to be delivered by Fall 2014. At the time, the project was code-named "Project Sunshine".[28][29] Later that year, two 20.5-megawatt ABB Azipod XO propulsion units were ordered for that ship.[7] On 29 February 2012 the company announced that a second "Project Sunshine" ship had been ordered and would be delivered by Spring 2015,[30] and ordered identical Azipod propulsion units shortly thereafter.[7] Just under a year later, on 31 January 2013, steel cutting for the first ship began with a silhouette of the ship being cut by laser. The same day, Royal Caribbean announced the official name of the new class of ships, Quantum Class, as well as the names of the first two ships in the class, Quantum of the Seas and Anthem of the Seas.[1][9] These names were among a series of names that Royal Caribbean had filed for trademarks on in late 2012, including Passion of the Seas, Vantage of the Seas, Ovation of the Seas, and the Pulse of the Seas (these other trademarks were abandoned as of January 2014).[31] Details on the major features of Quantum of the Seas were announced on 16 April 2013.[32]

On 30 May 2013, Royal Caribbean announced that they had signed a contract with Meyer Werft for a third Quantum-class ship for delivery mid-2016 and that an option existed for a fourth ship in 2017,[11] although a decision was made in January 2014 not to exercise the option for the fourth ship.[33] On 18 September 2014, the name of the third Quantum-class ship was announced to be Ovation of the Seas.[12]

On 7 May 2015, Royal Caribbean entered into an agreement with Meyer Werft for a fourth Quantum-class ship for delivery in 2019, subject to financing and other conditions.[34]

On 3 November 2015, Royal Caribbean entered into an agreement with Meyer Werft for a fifth Quantum-class ship for delivery in 2020.[35]

Facilities[edit]

Quantum-class ships have 16 passenger-accessible decks with a total of 2,090 passenger cabins. Their facilities include a Wave Loch Flowrider surf simulator, a rock-climbing wall, a skydiving simulator, swimming pools, a solarium, a Spa and Fitness Center, a theater and a casino.[6]

Quantum Ultra class[edit]

Royal Caribbean announced on 26 April 2017, that the fourth Quantum-class ship would not only be designed and based in the Asia-Pacific region; but will also be based on a new Quantum Ultra-class design.[36]

In June 2018, it was revealed that the fourth ship would be Spectrum of the Seas. It can accommodate 4246 guests at double occupancy and 1551 international crew members.[15]

Ships[edit]

Name Status Entered service with Royal Caribbean Gross tonnage Notes Image
Quantum class
Quantum of the Seas In Service 31 October 2014 168,666[6]
Quantum of the Seas - Wedel 04 (cropped).jpg
Anthem of the Seas In Service 20 April 2015 168,666[6]
El Crucero Anthem of The Seas en el muelle de Santa Catalina de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. (18173969071).jpg
Ovation of the Seas In Service 8 April 2016 168,666[6] Ovation of the Seas - Nieuwe Maas - Port of Rotterdam (25843859904) (cropped).jpg
Quantum Ultra class
Spectrum of the Seas In Service 11 April 2019 169,379[37] Designed and based for the Asia-Pacific region. Ordered on 7 May 2015.[38] Keel laid on 8 November 2017.[39] Launching from Shanghai, China in June 2019.[16] First ship of the Quantum Ultra class.[36] Floated out on 25 February 2019. Spectrum Of The Seas (February 26, 2019).jpg
Odyssey of the Seas Under Construction Fall of 2020 (planned) 169,379[6] Steel cutting ceremony 1 February 2019[40], keel laid on 3 May 2019.[41]
To be based in North America.[42]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Start of Steel-Cutting for First Project Sunshine Ship". Meyer Wert. February 5, 2013. Retrieved April 12, 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Quantum of the Seas (32027)". DNV GL Vessel Register. Det Norske Veritas. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Anthem of the Seas (32028)". DNV GL Vessel Register. Det Norske Veritas. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Ovation of the Seas (34050)". DNV GL Vessel Register. Det Norske Veritas. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
  5. ^ a b c "Royal Caribbean International Reveals Groundbreaking Quantum-class Ships". Royal Caribbean Press Center. Royal Caribbean International. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Quantum of the Seas Fact Sheet". Royal Caribbean Press Center. Royal Caribbean International. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
  7. ^ a b c "Azipods ordered for two RCL cruise ships". The Motorship. April 17, 2013. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
  8. ^ Innovation & Technology: Shipbuilding in Papenburg (PDF). Papenburg, Germany: Meyer Werft. 2013. p. 26. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
  9. ^ a b Tribou, Richard (February 5, 2013). "Royal Caribbean announces names for new cruise ships". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved April 12, 2013.
  10. ^ "Anthem of the Seas". Royal Caribbean International. Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
  11. ^ a b Bailey, Ian (May 30, 2013). "Royal Caribbean Signs Contract For Third Quantum-Class Cruise Ship". Meyer Werft. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  12. ^ a b "Ovation of the Seas to be Third Quantum-Class Ship". Cruise Industry News. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  13. ^ Miss, Cruise. "Quantum of the Seas to Homeport in China".
  14. ^ "Ovation of the Seas to homeport in Australia in winter 2016–2017". cruiseandferry.net. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
  15. ^ a b "The All-New Spectrum of the Seas". Spectrum. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
  16. ^ a b "Royal Caribbean lifts lid on latest mega-ship, the Spectrum Of The Seas". Stuff. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
  17. ^ "Anthem of the Seas -Review". wordpress.com. May 15, 2015. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
  18. ^ "Royal Caribbean Introduces Unrivaled Accommodation Options On Quantum-Class Ships". Royal Caribbean Press Center. Royal Caribbean International. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  19. ^ a b c "Deck Plans | Quantum of the Seas". Royal Caribbean International. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  20. ^ a b c d Dunham-Potter, Anita. "Quantum Of The Seas' New Thrills At Sea". HuffPost Travel. The Huffington Post. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  21. ^ "Largest Sports And Entertainment Complex At Sea Introduced On Quantum Class". Royal Caribbean Press Center. Royal Caribbean International. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  22. ^ "Royal Caribbean International Introduces Skydiving Experiences At Sea". Royal Caribbean Press Center. Royal Caribbean International. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  23. ^ "A View From Above: North Star". Royal Caribbean Press Center. Royal Caribbean International. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  24. ^ "MacGregor to deliver Quantum Class North Star system". MarineLog. July 5, 2013. Archived from the original on August 13, 2013. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
  25. ^ "Anthem of the Seas Entertainment Will Rock You". Royal Caribbean International. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
  26. ^ "WOW Experiences Never Before Seen at Sea – Quantum of the Seas". royalcaribbean.com. Retrieved November 9, 2014.
  27. ^ "Royal Esplanade". royalcaribbean.com. Royal Caribbean International. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
  28. ^ "Royal Caribbean Signs Letter of Intent to Build New Generation... – Miami and Papenburg, Germany, Feb. 11, 2011". Florida, Germany: Prnewswire.com. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
  29. ^ "Royal Caribbean Signs Letter of Intent to Build New Generation of Ships". Investor Relations. February 11, 2011. Retrieved April 12, 2013.
  30. ^ "Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. Exercises Option to Build Second "Project Sunshine" Ship". Investor Relations. February 29, 2012. Retrieved April 12, 2013.
  31. ^ "Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. Trademarks". Legal Force/Trademarkia. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
  32. ^ "Prepare to be WOWED". Royal Caribbean International. Retrieved April 12, 2013.
  33. ^ "Royal Caribbean skips option to build fourth Quantum class cruise ship". Royal Caribbean Blog. January 27, 2014. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  34. ^ Reiser, Emon (May 7, 2015). "Royal Caribbean orders fourth Quantum-class cruise ship". South Florida Business Journal. bizjournals.com. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
  35. ^ Staff, CIN (November 3, 2015). "Royal Caribbean Orders Fifth Quantum-Class Vessel". cruiseindustrynews.com. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
  36. ^ a b Staff, CIN (April 27, 2017). "Royal Caribbean to Base New Quantum Ultra-class Ship in Asia-Pacific". cruiseindustrynews.com. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
  37. ^ Dori Saltzman (November 8, 2017). "Keel Laid for Royal Caribbean's First Quantum Ultra Class Cruise Ship". CruiseCritic. Retrieved May 21, 2018.
  38. ^ Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd (May 7, 2015). "ROYAL CARIBBEAN ORDERS FOURTH QUANTUM-CLASS VESSEL". Retrieved May 12, 2015.
  39. ^ "Keel laying ceremony for the Spectrum of the Seas". November 8, 2017. Retrieved November 8, 2017.
  40. ^ "Construction Milestone for a new Ship". February 2, 2019. Retrieved May 4, 2019.
  41. ^ "Keel laying ceremony for Odyssey of the Seas". May 3, 2019. Retrieved May 4, 2019.
  42. ^ "Royal Caribbean marks Construction Milestone for Odyssey of the Seas". March 3, 2019. Retrieved May 16, 2019.

External links[edit]