Quantum Corporation

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Quantum Corporation
ISINUS7479062041 Edit this on Wikidata
IndustryData storage
Defunct2001 Edit this on Wikidata
HeadquartersSan Jose, California, United States
Key people
Jamie Lerner, President & CEO
ProductsHigh-Performance Shared Storage, File System, In-Vehicle Data Capture, Hyperconverged Surveillance, Tape Storage Object Storage, Backup Appliances, data protection, and archive solutions
RevenueDecreaseUS$ 402.68 million (2019) [1]
DecreaseUS$ 0.8 million (2019) [2]
Increase US$ 42.8 million (2019) [3]

Quantum Corporation stores and manages video and video-like data. The company offers high streaming performance for video and rich media applications, along with low cost, high density massive-scale data protection and archive systems. Quantum enables customers to capture, create and share digital data and preserve and protect it for decades. The company works with a network of distributors, VARs, DMRs, OEMs and other suppliers.[4]

From its founding in 1980 until 2001, it was also a major disk storage manufacturer (usually second-place in market share behind Seagate), and was based in Milpitas, California. Quantum sold its hard disk drive business to Maxtor in 2001 and now focuses on integrated storage systems.

The company's headquarters is in San Jose, California.[5]


The Fireball brand of hard drives were manufactured between 1995 and 2001. In 1995, 540 MB Fireball hard drives using ATA and SCSI were available.[6] In 1997, the Fireball ST, available in 1.6 GB to 6.4 GB capacities, was considered a top performer,[7] while the Fireball TM was significantly slower.[8]


DEC storage group acquisition[edit]

In July 1994, Quantum purchased DEC's data storage division.[9][10]

Quantum–Maxtor merger[edit]

By 2000, the hard drive market was becoming less profitable. Quantum decided to sell its hard drive division to Maxtor at this time. The transfer took effect on April 1, 2001. Although Maxtor systematically eliminated much of the staff of Quantum's former hard drive division during the following year, it continued most of Quantum's disk storage products and brands until it was acquired by Seagate Technology on December 21, 2005.[11]


A couple of years prior to the 2000 merger of the hard drive division, Quantum began a series of tape technology acquisitions:

  • 1998 – ATL Products, a manufacturer of automated tape libraries.[12]
  • 2001 – M4 Data (Holdings) Ltd., a manufacturer of tape libraries.[13]
  • 2002 – Benchmark Storage Innovations, who manufactured the VStape product line under a Quantum license.[14]
  • 2005 – Certance, the former tape business of Seagate Technology, becoming a member of the LTO consortium.[15]
  • 2006 – Advanced Digital Information Corporation (ADIC), Scalar brand tape libraries, StorNext filesystem and De-Duplication technology.[16]
  • 2011 – Pancetera Software, a specialist in data management and protection for virtual environments, for $12 million.[17]
  • 2014 - SymForm, Cloud storage company

StorNext High-Performance Shared Storage Systems[edit]

At the core of Quantum’s high-performance shared storage product line is Quantum StorNext software which enables high-performance video editing and management of large video and image datasets. Major broadcasters, studios, post-production companies, sports franchises, and corporate video entities around the world use StorNext. StorNext software is a parallel file processing system that provides fast streaming performance and data access, a shared file storage environment for Apple Macintosh, Microsoft Windows, and Linux workstations, and intelligent data management to protect data across its lifecycle. StorNext runs on standard servers and is sold with storage arrays that are used within the StorNext environment. These storage arrays include: • The Quantum F-Series: A line of fast, highly available NVMe SSD flash storage arrays for editing, rendering, and processing of video content and other large unstructured datasets. • Quantum QXS-Series: A line of high performance, reliable hybrid storage arrays, offered with either HDDs, SSDs, or some combination of the two. Customers deploy the StorNext file system with a combination of NVMe storage and more traditional SSD and HDD storage to balance cost and performance. StorNext software can also manage data across different types, or pools, of storage, such as public cloud object stores and disk-based object storage systems. StorNext supports a broad range of both private and public object stores. For customers that archive video and image data for years, StorNext is also integrated with tape storage, and can assign infrequently-used but important data to tape to create a large-scale active archive. [18]

NVMe Storage Arrays[edit]

In April, 2019, Quantum introduced F-Series, a new line of NVMe storage arrays “designed for performance, availability and reliability.” Non-volatile memory express (NVMe) flash drives allow for massive parallel processing, while the latest Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA) networking technology provides direct access between workstations and the NVMe storage devices. These hardware features are combined with Quantum Cloud Storage Platform and the StorNext file system to provide storage capabilities for post production houses, broadcasters and other rich media environments.[19]

Tape storage[edit]

Since 1994 when it acquired the Digital Linear Tape product line from Digital, Quantum has sold tape storage products, including tape drives, media and automation. In 2007, Quantum discontinued development of the DLT line in favor of Linear Tape-Open,[20] which it began selling in 2005 following its acquisition of Certance.

In 2012, Quantum introduced its Scalar LTFS (Linear Tape File System) appliance, which offers new modes of portability and user accessibility for archived content on LTO tape.[21]

In 2016, Quantum refreshed its Scalar LTO tape library family and added an appliance for rich media archiving. The three new systems are part of the Quantum Scalar Storage Platform aimed at handling large-scale unstructured data. The Scalar i3 and i6 support LTO-6 and LTO-7 tapes. The Quantum Scalar i3 is designed for small to medium-sized businesses and departmental configurations. It scales up to 3 PB in a 12U rack space.

The Quantum Scalar i6 is a midrange library for small enterprises. It scales up to 12 PB within a single 48U rack.

The StorNext AEL6 archiving appliance combines the Quantum Scalar i6 library with Quantum's StorNext data management software for archive storage. It has self-healing auto-migration and targets rich media use cases.[22]

Disk backup[edit]

Quantum introduced its first disk-based backup and recovery product, the DX30, in 2002 and has continued to build out this product line.[23]

At the end of 2006, shortly after its acquisition of ADIC, Quantum announced the first of its DXi-Series products incorporating data deduplication technology which ADIC had acquired from a small Australian company called Rocksoft earlier that year.[24] Since then, Quantum has expanded and enhanced this product line and now offers DXi solutions for SMB, midrange and enterprise customers. In 2012, Quantum also announced a virtual deduplication appliance, the DXi V1000.[25]

DXi-Series products incorporate Quantum's patented data deduplication technology, providing typical data reduction ratios of 15:1 or 93%.[26] The company offers both target and source-based deduplication as well as integrated path-to-tape capability. DXi works with all major backup applications, including Symantec's OpenStorage (OST) API, Oracle SBT API,[27] Veeam DMS,[28] and supports everything from remote offices to corporate data centers. Quantum includes almost all software licenses for each model in the base price. As add-on Customer can buy license (including additional physical RAM modules) and as a result run dedicated virtual machine at the top of DXi hardware (simultaneously with main deduplication technology). This functionality is called DAE (Dynamic Application Environment).[29]

In addition to its DXi-Series of disk backup products, Quantum also offers its RDX removable disk libraries and NDX-8 NAS appliances for data protection in small business environments. The company introduced these products in 2011.[30]

In January, 2019, Quantum refreshed it's DXi series, with the addition of the DXi9000 and DXi4800. The DXi9000 targets the enterprise market, scaling from 51 TB to 1 petabyte of usable capacity. The 12 TB hard drives allow for more storage using less physical space. The DXi9000 will replace the DXi6900 that supported 8 TB drives. The DXi4800 is a smaller-scale appliance targeting midmarket organizations and remote sites. This series starts at 8 TB and scales up to 171 TB.[31]

Virtual machine data protection[edit]

Quantum's vmPRO software and appliances are used for protecting virtual machine (VM) data.[32] vmPRO software works with DXi appliances and users' existing backup applications to integrate VM backup and recovery into their existing data protection processes. It auto-discovers VMs and presents a file system view, allowing users to back up VMs or files within VMs without adding VM-specific agents. When data is read through the vmPRO software, inactive data is filtered out, reducing backup volumes by up to 75% and boosting deduplication rates. To support fast recovery, vmPRO software augments traditional backup with a simple VM snapshot utility that creates native-format VM copies on secondary disk, allowing restore at a VM or at a single file level.

In March 2012, Quantum announced that its vmPRO technology and DXi V1000 virtual appliance had been selected by Xerox as a key component of the company's a key component of Xerox's cloud backup and disaster recovery (DR) services.[33]

In August 2012, Quantum announced Q-Cloud, its own branded cloud-based data protection service, which is also based on vmPRO and DXi technology. Q-Cloud provides backup of both physical and virtual infrastructures for capacities ranging from 1 TB up to 1 PB of protected data.[34]

In 2011, the company added the StorNext appliance offerings to its product family. In addition to the StorNext Archive Enabled Library (AEL), the company added a metadata controller (StorNext M330), a scale-out gateway appliance (G300), and several scalable storage systems (QM1200, QS1200 and QD6000).[35] In February 2012, the company bolstered the StorNext appliance family with the addition of the QS2400 Storage System,[36] followed in July by the M660 metadata appliance.[37]

Lattus Wide Area Storage[edit]

In late 2012, Quantum introduced the Lattus product family OEM'd from Amplidata, a scale-out object storage system composed of storage nodes, access nodes and controller nodes that are built for multiple petabyte data stores. Lattus-X is the first of a series of disk-based archives in the Lattus family that includes a native HTTP REST interface, and CIFS and NFS access to applications.[38]

The Lattus wide area storage solution is built on a version of object storage called fountain coding. Fountain code provides the same level of protection as Reed–Solomon error correction but with more data protection and higher efficiencies. Quantum sees wide area storage (a term coined by the company) as another storage tier complementing traditional disk and tape.[39]


  1. ^ https://seekingalpha.com/symbol/QMCO/income-statement
  2. ^ https://seekingalpha.com/symbol/QMCO/income-statement
  3. ^ https://seekingalpha.com/symbol/QMCO/income-statement
  4. ^ "Issuer Direct Filings". irdirect.net. Retrieved 2019-10-13.
  5. ^ https://investors.quantum.com/prviewer/release_only/id/3961127
  6. ^ PC Magazine ad from Sept 1995
  7. ^ RedHill - Hard drive history - Quantum Fireball ST
  8. ^ RedHill - Hard drive history - Quantum Fireball TM
  9. ^ http://www.getfilings.com/o0000709283-95-000012.html
  10. ^ http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/quantum-corporation-history/
  11. ^ Seagate Press Release about Maxtor's acquisition Archived 2008-09-13 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ SEC filing about ATL acq.
  13. ^ SEC filing about M4 Data acq.
  14. ^ CRN article about Benchmark acq.
  15. ^ Certance acq.
  16. ^ Press release about ADIC acq.
  17. ^ Storage Newsletter article about Pancetera acq.
  19. ^ Meier, Dan. "Quantum unveils NVMe storage platform". TvTechnology. Retrieved 2019-10-13.
  20. ^ LTO-5 On Course for 2009
  21. ^ Article from The Register
  22. ^ "Quantum Scalar platform grows with LTO libraries, StorNext appliance". SearchDataBackup. Retrieved 2019-10-13.
  23. ^ Computer Weekly article
  24. ^ Quantum press release
  25. ^ Computerworld article
  26. ^ IDC Whitepaper: Demonstrating the Business Value of Deduplication for Data Protection
  27. ^ http://qsupport.quantum.com/kb/flare/Content/dxi/DXi4700/Series/RMAN_Plugin/RMAN_Plug_in_and_Compatib.htm
  28. ^ https://www.veeam.com/blog/dxi-deduplication-appliance-integration-with-data-mover-service.html
  29. ^ http://qsupport.quantum.com/kb/flare/Content/dxi/DXi6900/Series/User_Guide/App_Environment.htm
  30. ^ Article from The Inquirer
  31. ^ "Quantum backup appliance portfolio grows by two". SearchDataBackup. Retrieved 2019-10-13.
  32. ^ Press release announcing vmPRO
  33. ^ eWeek Article
  34. ^ Computer Technology Article
  35. ^ Storage Newsletter Article
  36. ^ Quantum Press Release
  37. ^ InformationWeek Article
  38. ^ Storage Switzerland Brief
  39. ^ Article in The Register

External links[edit]