Quantum nanoscience

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Quantum nanoscience is the research area and the branch of nanotechnology and physics that uses methods of quantum mechanics to the design of new types of nanodevices and nanoscale materials, where functionality and structure of quantum nanodevices are described through quantum phenomena and principles such as discretisation, superposition and entanglement.

A well-known quantum nanodevice is a quantum computer, which can be considered as a quantum system for computation that makes direct use of the quantum phenomena superposition and entanglement, to perform quantum operations with quantum states. As an interesting possible quantum nanodevice, which should be built by nanotechnology, is a quantum robot. The other example is quantum nanomechanics that is a new field engendered by the ability to create mechanical nanoresonators with very high frequencies.

A quantum robot is a hypothetical mobile quantum nanosystem, which could be built using nanotechnology. It would include a quantum computer and special devices to allow it to interact with its environment. It could take measurements or realize specified changes in the quantum states of the environment. The concept of a quantum robot was suggested by Paul Benioff in 1997–98.

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