Quarters 1 (Fort Myer)

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Quarters 1, Fort Myer
Quarters007.JPG
Quarters 1, Fort Myer, September 2012
Quarters 1 (Fort Myer) is located in District of Columbia
Quarters 1 (Fort Myer)
Quarters 1 (Fort Myer) is located in Virginia
Quarters 1 (Fort Myer)
Quarters 1 (Fort Myer) is located in the United States
Quarters 1 (Fort Myer)
LocationGrant Ave., Arlington, Virginia
Coordinates38°52′58″N 77°4′53″W / 38.88278°N 77.08139°W / 38.88278; -77.08139Coordinates: 38°52′58″N 77°4′53″W / 38.88278°N 77.08139°W / 38.88278; -77.08139
Built1899
ArchitectUnknown
Architectural styleVictorian-style, red brick house
NRHP reference #72001382
VLR #000-0005
Significant dates
Added to NRHPNovember 28, 1972[2]
Designated NHLNovember 28, 1972[3]
Designated VLRJune 19, 1973[1]

Quarters 1 at Fort Myer a historic house on the grounds of Joint Base Myer–Henderson Hall in Arlington, Virginia. Built in 1899, it has been the residence of Chiefs of Staff of the U.S. Army since 1910, notably including Dwight D. Eisenhower and Douglas MacArthur.[4] It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1972,[3][5] and is a contributing element to the Fort Myer Historic District.

Description and history[edit]

Quarters 1 is one of a series of large houses that flank the west side of Whipple Field, the former parade ground of Fort Myer, and are set on a rise with views to the Potomac River and Washington, DC to the east. It is a 2-1/2 story brick building, with a side gable roof and a projecting front cross gable. A single-story porch spans the front and beyond to the left, creating a porte-cochere. It is supported by paired round columns on pedestals, with a spindled balustrade between. The interior of the building has only seen modest alteration since its construction, and its exterior is also little change beyond the addition of a sunporch on one side.[6] The house has 21 rooms and more than 10,000 square feet (930 m2) of living space.[7]

The house was built in 1899, and has, since its occupation in 1910 by Leonard Wood, housed the Chief of Staff of the United States Army.[6] Its most prominent resident was Dwight D. Eisenhower, who made his family residence here during his tenure as Chief of Staff, 1945–1948. Douglas MacArthur also lived here while he was Chief of Staff, 1930–1935.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 2013-05-12.
  2. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  3. ^ a b "Quarters 1, Fort Myer". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-04-24.
  4. ^ a b Bell, William Gardner (2011). Quarters One: The United States Army Chief of Staff’s Residence (PDF). Center of Military History. p. 5. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  5. ^ Unnamed (November 3, 1972). "Historic Sites and Buildings: Quarters 1, Grant Avenue, Fort Myer Historic District, Arlington County, Virginia" (pdf). National Park Service. (version available at Virginia DHR
  6. ^ a b "NHL nomination for Fort Myer Historic District". National Park Service. Retrieved 2016-02-03.
  7. ^ "NRHP nomination for Quarters One, Fort Myer" (PDF). Virginia DHR. Retrieved 2016-02-03.

Further reading[edit]