Quarters 1 (Rock Island)

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Quarters 1 (Building 301)
Rock Island Arsenal, Building No. 1, Gillespie Avenue between Terrace Drive & Hedge Lane, Rock Island,( Rock Island County, Illinois).jpg
Quarters One, Rock Island Arsenal
Quarters 1 (Rock Island) is located in Illinois
Quarters 1 (Rock Island)
Quarters 1 (Rock Island) is located in the US
Quarters 1 (Rock Island)
Location Rock Island Arsenal
Coordinates 41°31′1″N 90°32′31″W / 41.51694°N 90.54194°W / 41.51694; -90.54194Coordinates: 41°31′1″N 90°32′31″W / 41.51694°N 90.54194°W / 41.51694; -90.54194
Area 21,965 square feet
Built 1870-1872
Architect General Thomas J. Rodman et al.
Architectural style Italianate
Part of Rock Island Arsenal
NRHP Reference # 69000057
Significant dates
Added to NRHP September 30, 1969[1]
Designated NHL June 7, 1988[2]

Quarters One (also known as Building 301) is the residence of the highest-ranking officer on the Rock Island Arsenal in Rock Island, Illinois on the banks of the Mississippi River. At 51 rooms and 21,965 square feet,[3] Quarters One is the second-largest federal residence in the United States, behind the White House.[4]


Quarters 1 as seen from the Mississippi River

Work begun on Quarters One by General Thomas S. Rodman in 1870 and was completed in 1872 by Major Flagler. The home was built for the purpose of providing quarters for the highest-ranking officer as well as providing space for official gatherings and functions. The building was designed in the Italianate style. The first major gathering held in the residence was in 1871 for the funeral of General Rodman.[4] Over the years, many dignitaries and notable personalities stayed at the residence including Charles Lindbergh in 1927[4] and King Carl XVI Gustav and Queen Silvia of Sweden in 1996.[4] In 2006, the Army decided to discontinue its use as a residence. Tours are offered occasionally, and the Army is currently exploring other uses for the building.[5]


  1. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ "Rock Island Arsenal". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-10-13. 
  3. ^ "Rock Island Arsenal" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-05-08. 
  4. ^ a b c d Mary Louise Speer (2008-01-07). "Arsenal's Quarters One: End of an era for historical home". Qctimes.com. Retrieved 2011-05-08. 
  5. ^ "Quarters One Tours". Ria.army.mil. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-08. 

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