Quasar (brand)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Quasar
Industry Electronics
Founded 1967
Key people
Bob Greenberg CEO
Alex Stone CEO
F. Jack Pluckhan CEO
Products Televisions, VCRs, Record Players, Cassette Players, Air Conditioners, Palmcorders, and Microwave Ovens

Quasar is an American brand of electronics, first used by Motorola in 1967 for a model line of transistorized color televisions. These TVs were marketed as containing all serviceable parts in a drawer beside the picture tube. It was then established as a subsidiary brand, with all Motorola-manufactured televisions being sold as Quasar by Motorola. Motorola later sold its consumer electronics division to Matsushita Electric, who continued producing and marketing televisions under the Quasar brand until 2005. In 2013, Panasonic (Matsushita's new corporate name as of 2008) resurrected the name as a value brand.

History[edit]

Quasar was established as a television brand in 1967 by Motorola, who wanted to emphasize the simplified design of their all-transistor television sets; the chassis was designed in such a way that the electronic components were contained within a drawer that could be slid out by a technician for easy replacement or repair.[1]

On May 29, 1974, Motorola, Inc., sold its television manufacturing division — including its plants in Pontiac, Illinois; Franklin Park, Illinois; and Markham, Ontario — to Matsushita.[2] Production of home television receivers continued under a newly incorporated entity, Quasar Electronics, Inc., an American-managed subsidiary of Matsushita Electronic Corporation of America (MECA). Motorola continued to operate a plant in Quincy, Illinois until 1976, when this also was transferred to Matsushita.[3] In the late 1970s Quasar Company was established as a sales operation, with Quasar Electronics, Inc. manufacturing both televisions and microwave ovens in Franklin Park, Illinois. In 1981, improved production operations at this plant were praised by the media and management specialists, and quality control employees noted that they rarely were required to repair manufacturing defects, which had been a problem previously.[2] The Franklin Park plant and Matushita's management and manufacturing processes were discussed in a best-selling book by University of California Los Angeles management professor William Ouchi.[4]

Quasar Electronics, Inc. and Quasar Company ceased to exist in 2004. As of 2005, the Quasar name was little used in North America, typically affixed to a few discontinued products from the Panasonic line being offered as value products in drug stores and supermarkets. The trademark expired in 2007, by which time it was only being used on window air conditioners.[5] In 2013 Panasonic re-registered the Quasar trademark to be used on a wide variety of electronics.[6]

In the media[edit]

According to a 1992 episode of Frontline, the PBS news program, Matsushita's acquisition of Motorola's Consumer Division was the beginning of the downfall of the US TV industry.[7] Frontline stated that Matsushita's acquisition was a ruse intended to allow Japanese-made sets, and sets assembled of Japanese parts, to avoid tariffs, with products under the Quasar brand still considered "domestically made", although Quasar's US-based engineering, management and manufacturing division was slowly being liquidated. Some of the American management who transitioned to Matsushita's Quasar after the acquisition said that they were laid off en masse; they filed a discrimination lawsuit afterwards.[7] The lawsuit was initially victorious, but overturned on appeal in 1991 when the Seventh Circuict Federal Appeals Court ruled that Matsushita's decision to treat executives differently based on citizenship rather than national origin was not legally discrimination.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "'Works in Drawer' Gives Motorola TV a Repair Advantage". Chicago Tribune. November 16, 1969. pp. Section 5B, Page 7. Retrieved 25 March 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Hayes, Thomas C. (October 16, 1981). "The Japanese Way at Quasar". New York Times. Retrieved 25 March 2016. 
  3. ^ "Motorola Completes Sale of TV Business to Matsushita". The Daily Leader. May 29, 1974. p. 1. 
  4. ^ Ouchi, William G. (January 1993). Theory Z: How American Business Can Meet the Japanese Challenge (reprint ed.). Avon Books. ISBN 0380719444. 
  5. ^ "QUASAR - Trademark Details". JUSTIA Trademarks. Retrieved 25 March 2016. 
  6. ^ "QUASAR - Trademark Details". JUSTIA Trademarks. Retrieved 25 March 2016. 
  7. ^ a b "Coming from Japan". Frontline. PBS. February 8, 1992. 
  8. ^ "Matsushita Wins Quasar Appeal". Seattle Times. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 

External links[edit]