# Quasi-compact morphism

In algebraic geometry, a morphism ${\displaystyle f:X\to Y}$ between schemes is said to be quasi-compact if Y can be covered by open affine subschemes ${\displaystyle V_{i}}$ such that the pre-images ${\displaystyle f^{-1}(V_{i})}$ are quasi-compact (as topological space).[1] If f is quasi-compact, then the pre-image of a quasi-compact open subscheme (e.g., open affine subscheme) under f is quasi-compact.

It is not enough that Y admits a covering by quasi-compact open subschemes whose pre-images are quasi-compact. To give an example,[2] let A be a ring that does not satisfy the ascending chain conditions on radical ideals, and put ${\displaystyle X=\operatorname {Spec} A}$. X contains an open subset U that is not quasi-compact. Let Y be the scheme obtained by gluing two X's along U. X, Y are both quasi-compact. If ${\displaystyle f:X\to Y}$ is the inclusion of one of the copies of X, then the pre-image of the other X, open affine in Y, is U, not quasi-compact. Hence, f is not quasi-compact.

A morphism from a quasi-compact scheme to an affine scheme is quasi-compact.

Let ${\displaystyle f:X\to Y}$ be a quasi-compact morphism between schemes. Then ${\displaystyle f(X)}$ is closed if and only if it is stable under specialization.

The composition of quasi-compact morphisms is quasi-compact. The base change of a quasi-compact morphism is quasi-compact.

An affine scheme is quasi-compact. In fact, a scheme is quasi-compact if and only if it is a finite union of open affine subschemes. Serre’s criterion gives a necessary and sufficient condition for a quasi-compact scheme to be affine.

A quasi-compact scheme has at least one closed point.[3]