Quebec Autoroute 35
|Autoroute de la Vallée-des-Forts|
|Maintained by Transports Québec|
|Length:||40.0 km (24.9 mi)|
|Existed:||1966 – present|
|South end:||Route 133 in Saint-Sébastien|
|Route 104 in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu|
|North end:||A-10 in Chambly|
Autoroute 35 (A-35) is an Autoroute in the region of Montérégie, Quebec, Canada. Constructed in the 1960s, the A-35 links Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu with Montreal via the A-10. The A-35 is also the primary route for traffic between Montreal and Boston, although it ends 13.4 km (8.3 mi) short of the U.S. border. South of its current terminus in Saint-Sébastien, the A-35 continues as two-lane Route 133 (which becomes four-lane divided 6.5 km (4.0 mi) north of the border) to the border. An extension of A-35 to meet Interstate 89 at Saint-Armand will complete a nearly 500 km (310.7 mi) limited-access highway link between Montreal and Boston. It had been scheduled to open in 2017, but construction is on hold during 2015 and 2016, so this last freeway link is delayed until at least 2020. The MTQ has not mentioned any revised schedule.
Like many Quebec Autoroutes, the A-35 also has a name: Autoroute de la Vallée-des-Forts (Forts Valley Highway). The name refers to a chain of forts built by the French in the Richelieu Valley during the 17th and 18th centuries to defend their colonial settlements from the Iroquois. Previously, the A-35 was known as Autoroute de la Nouvelle-Angleterre (New England Motorway), referring to its role as a link between Quebec and New England.
First constructed in the 1960s, A-35 is currently a 40 km (24.9 mi) long, 4-lane spur route linking Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu to Autoroute 10. By 1966, 16 km (9.9 mi) connecting the A-10 in Chambly with Route 104 in Iberville were opened to traffic. Another 3 km (1.9 mi) of A-35 from Route 104 to its terminus with Route 133 were completed in 1967. Completion of the entire length of A-35 had been scheduled for that year in time for Expo 67, but the province instead focused on expediting construction of autoroutes and approach roads to the Expo site.
For many years, the A-35 featured at-grade intersections with St-Raphael Road and St-Andre Road in Saint-Luc. These intersections were closed in 1999; the St-Andre Road intersection was converted into a partial cloverleaf interchange, while St-Raphael Road was dead-ended on either side of the A-35.
A federal-provincial funding agreement is providing for the completion of the A-35 to Interstate 89 at the U.S. border. The project's objectives are to improve economic links between Quebec and New England, reduce traffic on Route 133 (which is ill-equipped for the traffic it currently carries), and improve quality of life in the region.
Construction of the A-35 extension began in 2009 between Saint-Alexandre and Saint-Sébastien. Construction of the 37.9 km extension is divided into four segments. The first section (first two segments) of new highway between Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu and Highway 133 to Saint-Sébastien was opened October 8th, 2014. Although as recently as 2012 it was expected that the entire extension would be open to traffic in 2017, no further construction is planned during 2015 and 2016, which means that 2020 or later is the new expectation. If ever completed, the length of A-35 will increase to 55 km (34.2 mi).
||This section contains a table that is missing mileposts for one or more junctions.|
The entire route is located in Montérégie.
|Location||km||mi||Old exit||New exit||Destinations||Notes|
|Saint-Armand||0.00||0.00||–||I-89 south||Future continuation into Vermont|
|3||Chemin de Saint-Armand||Future interchange|
|6||Route 133 (Chemin Champlain)||Future interchange|
|Saint-Sébastien||14.81||9.20||15||Route 133||Temporary at-grade intersection; opened October 2014|
|Saint-Alexandre||28||Route 227 (Rang des Dussault)||Interchange proposed in original plans|
|Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu||35.50||22.06||36||Route 133 south (Chemin de la Grande-Ligne) / Boulevard d'Iberville – Sainte-Anne-de-Sabrevois||Northbound exit and southbound entrance; opened October 2014|
|37.61||23.37||1||38||Route 133 south (Chemin de la Grande-Ligne) / Boulevard d'Iberville – Sainte-Anne-de-Sabrevois||Southern terminus of concurrency with Route 133; southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|39.18||24.35||3||39||Route 104 east – Mont-Saint-Grégoire, Cowansville||Southern terminus of concurrency with Route 104|
|42.21||26.23||6||42||Route 133 north (Chemin des Patriotes) – Richelieu||Northern terminus of concurrency with Route 113|
|43.55||27.06||7||43||Route 223 (Boulevard du Séminaire) – Centre-Ville||Signed as exits 43N (north) and 43S (south)|
|44.88||27.89||9||45||Route 219 (Rue Pierre-Caisse)|
|46.64||28.98||11||47||Route 104 west (Boulevard Saint-Luc) – La Prairie||Signed as exits 47E (east) and 47O (west)|
|Carignan–Chambly||54.99||34.17||18||55||A-10 (Autoroute des Cantons-de-l'Est) / Boulevard Fréchette north – Montréal, Sherbrooke, Chambly||Signed as exits 55E (east) and 55O (west); exit 22 on A-10|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- "Répertoire des autoroutes du Québec" (in French). Transports Québec. Retrieved 2008-02-23.
- Ministère des transports, "Distances routières", page (?), Les Publications du Québec, 2005
- A-35 at Exitlists.com
- "Autoroute 35 - Extension" (in French). Transports-Quebec. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
- "Vallee des Forts Autoroute". MontrealRoads.net. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Quebec Autoroute 35.|
- A-35 at Quebec Autoroutes
- Vallee des Forts Autoroute (A-35) at Steve Anderson's montrealroads.com
- Autoroute de la Vallée-des-Forts (35) - Prolongement(MTQ / Transports Québec) (French)
- New exit numbers for Autoroute 35 (French)