Quebec Autoroute 85

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Autoroute 85 shieldTrans-Canada Highway shield

Autoroute 85
Autoroute Claude-Béchard
Route information
Maintained by Transports Québec
Length: 58.0 km[2][1] (36.0 mi)
Existed: 2005[1] – present
Major junctions
South end: Route 2 (TCH) near Moulin-Morneault, NB
  Route 232 in Témiscouata-sur-le-Lac
Rue Fraserville, Rivière-du-Loup
North end: A-20 (TCH) in Notre-Dame-du-Portage
Location
Major cities: Rivière-du-Loup, Témiscouata-sur-le-Lac
Highway system

Quebec provincial highways

A-73 Route 101

Autoroute 85 is a Quebec Autoroute and the route of the Trans-Canada Highway in the province's Bas-Saint-Laurent region, also known as the Autoroute Claude-Béchard. It is currently under construction with committed Federal and Provincial funding for its completion, with an estimated completion date of 2025.[3] Running between Rivière-du-Loup (at a junction with Autoroute 20) and a junction with New Brunswick Route 2 at the Quebec-New Brunswick border, the A-85 when complete will be the only controlled access highway link between the Maritime Provinces and the rest of the country. The A-85 is projected to be approximately 100 km (60 mi) long when construction is complete and is intended to replace Route 185, which has been called one of the deadliest highways in Canada.[4]

Currently there are two completed sections of the A-85. Constructed in 1970, the first section runs from Saint-Antonin (km 87) to a junction with the A-20 at Notre-Dame-du-Portage (km 100). Originally signed as Route 185 when built, it was designed as A-85 in 2005 following extensive rehabilitation. The second, newer section extends from the New Brunswick border (km 0) to Saint-Louis-du-Ha! Ha! (km 48). Construction began in 2002 in the vicinity of Témiscouata-sur-le-Lac and continued to 2016.

Route description[edit]

Southern segment[edit]

The A-85 begins at the Quebec-New Brunswick border as the continuation of New Brunswick Route 2 and the Trans-Canada Highway. In 2010, the Quebec government announced that the A-85 would be named for Claude Béchard, a longtime Member of the National Assembly from Bas-Saint-Laurent.[5]

From the New Brunswick border, the A-85 briefly parallels the main runway of the Edmundston Airport, which straddles the interprovincial border. The A-85 travels in a northwesterly direction, following the course of the Madawaska River. The autoroute passes Dégelis to the west with exits at km 12, km 14, and km 15. Briefly skirting the south shore of Lake Témiscouata, the A-85 passes through Témiscouata-sur-le-Lac, with exits at km 29, km 37, and km 40 (which provides access to Parc nationale Lac-Témiscouata). At Saint-Louis-du-Ha! Ha! (km 48), the controlled-access highway ends and the route resumes its designation as Route 185.

Northern segment[edit]

The second section of the A-85 begins in Saint-Antonin with exits at km 89, km 90, and km 93 as it traverses the Saint Lawrence Lowlands. Exit 93 provides access to Route 191 which bypasses Rivière-du-Loup to the south and provides the most direct route for motorists bound for Rimouski, Mont-Joli, and Gaspésie via eastbound A-20. After one last exit (km 97), the A-85 merges with westbound A-20 at the Saint Lawrence River. Westbound A-20 assumes the Trans-Canada Highway designation, continuing on to Québec City and Montréal, then to Windsor via the A-20 and Ontario Highway 401, or Ottawa via the A-40 and Ontario Highway 417.

History[edit]

Autoroute 85 in Rivière-du-Loup looking North towards the Saint Lawrence River
Construction History[citation needed]
km Year Notes
0-8 2014 New Brunswick (Route 2) to Kilometre 8
8-14 2013 Kilometre 8 to Dégelis
14-15 2004 Dégelis
15-22 2013 Dégelis to Témiscouata-sur-le-lac (Notre-Dame-du-Lac)
22-29 2015 South of Témiscouata-sur-le-lac (Notre-Dame-du-Lac)
29-30 2002 Témiscouata-sur-le-lac (Notre-Dame-du-Lac)
30-36 2014 Témiscouata-sur-le-lac (Notre-Dame-du-Lac to Cabano)
36-38 2009 Témiscouata-sur-le-lac (Cabano)
38-44 2011 Témiscouata-sur-le-lac (Cabano) to St-Louis-du-Ha! Ha!
44-48 2009 St-Louis-du-Ha! Ha!
86-94 2005 3e Rang in St-Antonin to Rivière-du-Loup (Route 185 converted to autoroute standards)
94-100 1972 From Rivière-du-Loup to Autoroute 20/Trans-Canada Highway West (Historic section of Route 185)

Exit list[edit]

Exit numbers are based on distance from the provincial border with Edmundston, NB. The entire route is located in Bas-Saint-Laurent

Location km mi Exit Destinations Notes
Dégelis 0.00 0.00 Route 2 (TCH) east Continuation into New Brunswick with TCH
1 Avenue de la Madawaska Southbound access is from New Brunswick Route 2
7 Traverse Johnny-Griffin
12 Rue Industrielle / Avenue du Longeron
14 Route 295 (7e Rue) – Dégelis, Saint-Jean-de-la-Lande, Saint-Juste-du-Lac Northbound access is via exit 12
14 Avenue Principale – Packington Northbound exit and entrance
Témiscouata-sur-le-Lac 24 Chemin du Lac, Packington Access via Route Saint Benoit
29 Rue de l'Église / Rue Commerciale – Saint-Eusèbe, Notre-Dame-du-Lac
30 Rue Commerciale Northbound exit and entrance
33 Montée du Détour
37 Route 232 west (Rue Cascades) – Rivière-Bleue, Pohénégamook Southern terminus of concurrency with Route 232
40 Route 232 east (Rue Commerciale) – Saint-Michel-du-Squatec, Rimouski Northern terminus of concurrency with Route 232
Saint-Louis-du-Ha! Ha! 47 Saint-Louis-du-Ha! Ha!, Saint-Elzéar-de-Témiscouata Access via Rue Raymond
Route 185 north Road transitions to/from Route 185
Gap in route; connection made via 38 kilometres (24 mi) of Route 185
Saint-Antonin Route 185 south Road transitions to/from Route 185
89 Rue Principale – Saint-Antonin
90 1er Rang – Saint-Modeste, Saint-Antonin Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Rivière-du-Loup 93 Route 191 (Boulevard Industriel) to A-20 east – Rivière-du-Loup, Rimouski
96 Chemin Fraserville – Rivière-du-Loup
98 Halte Routière de Fraserville Northbound only
Notre-Dame-du-Portage 100 A-20 (TCH) west (Autoroute Jean-Lesage) – Québec Exit 499 on A-20; TCH continues west
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Répertoire des autoroutes du Québec" (in French). Transports Québec. Retrieved 2008-02-23. 
  2. ^ Ministère des transports, "Distances routières", page (?), Les Publications du Québec, 2005
  3. ^ Autoroute Claude-Béchard (85) - Réaménagement de la route 185 en autoroute
  4. ^ Lessard, Denis. "L'autoroute Claude-Béchard: comme si c'était fait". lapresse.ca. La Presse (Montreal). Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  5. ^ Lessard, Denis (2010). "L'autoroute Claude-Béchard: comme si c'était fait". La Presse. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google

KML is from Wikidata
Preceded by
Quebec Autoroute 20.svgTCH-blank.svg Autoroute 20
TCH blank.svg Trans-Canada Highway
Quebec Autoroute 85.svg Autoroute 85
Succeeded by
Qc185.svgTCH-blank.svg Route 185