Quebec Boundary Extension Act, 1898

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When Canada was formed in 1867 its provinces were a relatively narrow strip in the southeast, with vast territories in the interior. It grew by adding British Columbia in 1871, P.E.I. in 1873, the British Arctic Islands in 1880, and Newfoundland in 1949; meanwhile, its provinces grew both in size and number at the expense of its territories.
Evolution of the borders of the Province of Quebec

The Quebec Boundary Extension Act of 1898 was an act of the Parliament of Canada that expanded the territory of the province of Quebec. The province's northern boundary was set along the eastern shore of James Bay to the mouth of the Eastmain River, north along the river, then due east to the Hamilton River and down the river to the western boundary of Labrador.

The first of two such acts, a second Act was passed by the Parliament in 1912 and entitled the Quebec Boundaries Extension Act, 1912. Together, these two expansions more than tripled the size of the Province of Quebec to what it is today.

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