Communauté métropolitaine de Québec

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Communauté métropolitaine de Québec
Québec Metropolitan Community
Metropolitan area
Satellite image of the Communauté métropolitaine de Québec
Satellite image of the Communauté métropolitaine de Québec
Official logo of Communauté métropolitaine de Québec
Logo
Communauté métropolitaine de Québec is located in Central Quebec
Communauté métropolitaine de Québec
Communauté métropolitaine de Québec
Location in central Quebec
Coordinates: 46°49′N 71°13′W / 46.817°N 71.217°W / 46.817; -71.217Coordinates: 46°49′N 71°13′W / 46.817°N 71.217°W / 46.817; -71.217
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Area[1]
 • Total 3,349.12 km2 (1,293.10 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 765,706
 • Density 228.6/km2 (592/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal code prefixes G
Area code(s) 819, 873

The Communauté métropolitaine de Québec (CMQ), or Quebec Metropolitan Community, is an administrative division of the province of Quebec, comprising the metropolitan area of Quebec City. The CMQ is one of the two metropolitan communities of Quebec.

Predecessor[edit]

Effective January 1, 1970, the Québec Urban Community (French: Communauté urbaine de Québec) ("CUQ") was established,[2] which governed the area surrounding Quebec City on the north shore of the St. Lawrence River. Together with the CUQ, the Québec Urban Community Transit Commission (French: Commission de transport de la Communauté urbaine de Québec) ("CTCUQ") and the Greater Québec Water Purification Board (French: Bureau d'assainissement des eaux du Québec Métropolitain) ("BAEQM") were also established. Each of the three covered different groups of municipalities:

Québec area municipalities served by new agencies (1970)
Historical county Municipality CUQ[3] CTCUQ[4] BAEQM[5]
Quebec County Town of L'Ancienne-Lorette Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Beauport Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Bélair Green tickY Green tickY
Charlesbourg Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Charlesbourg-Est Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Charlesbourg-Ouest Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Courville Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Duberger Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Giffard Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Lac-Saint-Charles Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Parish of L'Ancienne-Lorette Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Loretteville Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Montmorency Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Neufchâtel Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Notre-Dame-des-Laurentides Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Orsainville Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Quebec Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Saint-Dunstan-du-Lac-Beauport Green tickY
Sainte-Foy Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Saint-Émile Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Sainte-Thérèse-de-Lisieux Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Saint-Félix-du-Cap-Rouge Green tickY Green tickY
Sillery Green tickY Green tickY
Val-St-Michel Green tickY Green tickY
Vanier Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Villeneuve Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Portneuf County Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures Green tickY
Montmorency No 1 County Saint-Jean-de-Boischatel Green tickY

Formation[edit]

Boundaries of constituent municipalities of the Communauté urbaine de Québec in 2001, with overlay of Quebec city borough boundaries in 2012

The CUQ was replaced by the CMQ on January 1, 2002.[6] The CMQ exercised jurisdiction over a wider geographical area.

Quebec was amalgamated with the cities of Beauport, Cap-Rouge, Charlesbourg, L'Ancienne-Lorette, Lac-Saint-Charles, Loretteville, Saint-Émile, Sainte-Foy, Sillery, Val-Bélair, Vanier and Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures. In the 2006 demerger, L'Ancienne-Lorette and Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures regained separate status.

Lévis was amalgamated with Charny, Saint-Jean-Chrysostome, Saint-Nicolas, Saint-Rédempteur, Saint-Romuald, Pintendre, Saint-Étienne-de-Lauzon, Sainte-Hélène-de-Breakeyville and Saint-Joseph-de-la-Pointe-de-Lévy.

Municipalities in the Quebec Metropolitan Community and Quebec Census Metropolitan Area (CMA)[7][8]
Regional county municipality or urban agglomeration(where applicable) In Metropolitan Community In CMA only
Urban agglomeration of Quebec City
Lévis (Equivalent territory)[a 4]
Bellechasse Regional County Municipality
La Côte-de-Beaupré Regional County Municipality
L'Île-d'Orléans Regional County Municipality
La Jacques-Cartier Regional County Municipality
La Nouvelle-Beauce Regional County Municipality
Portneuf Regional County Municipality
  1. ^ subdivided into the boroughs of Beauport, Charlesbourg, La Cité-Limoilou, La Haute-Saint-Charles, Les Rivières and Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge
  2. ^ enclave within the borough of La Cité-Limoilou, not part of the urban agglomeration
  3. ^ Huron-Wendat reserve, an enclave within the borough of La Haute-Saint-Charles, not part of the urban agglomeration
  4. ^ subdivided into the boroughs of Desjardins, Les Chutes-de-la-Chaudière-Ouest and Les Chutes-de-la-Chaudière-Est
  5. ^ a b c d e f not part of the CMA

Gallery[edit]

Canada Census Mother Tongue – Quebec city, Quebec[9]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2016
800,296
741,010 Increase 3.24%% 92.62% 10,965 Increase 1.06% 1.41% 3,775 Increase 14.56% 0.49% 29,900 Increase 35.41% 5.04%
2011
765,706
717,770 Increase 6.94%% 93,74% 10,850 Increase 5.85% 1.42% 3,295 Increase 55.06% 0.43% 22,080 Increase 6.87% 2.88%
2006
704,185
671,145 Increase 3.59% 95.31% 10,250 Increase 5.13% 1.46% 2,125 Decrease 21.73% 0.3% 20,660 Increase 77.18% 2.93%
2001
673,100
647,920 Increase 1.7% 96,14% 9,750 Decrease 18.31% 1,44% 2,715 Increase 6.6% 0.40% 11,665 Increase 5.19% 1.73%
1996
671,889
637,150 n/a 94,83% 11,935 n/a 1.77% 2,545 n/a 0.37% 11,080 n/a 1.64%


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Census Profile - Quebec Census Metropolitan Area". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  2. ^ Québec Urban Community Act, S.Q. 1969, c. 83
  3. ^ S.Q. 1969, c. 83, Sch. A
  4. ^ S.Q. 1969, c. 83, Sch. B
  5. ^ S.Q. 1969, c. 83, Sch. D
  6. ^ An Act to reform the municipal territorial organization of the metropolitan regions of Montréal, Québec and the Outaouais, L.Q. 2000, c. 56, Sch. VI
  7. ^ "Territoire de la CMQ et de la RMR de Québec" (in French). Communauté métropolitaine de Québec. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
  8. ^ "Geographic hierarchy: Québec (Census metropolitan area)". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
  9. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016 census.

External links[edit]