Quebec Route 389

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Route 389 shield

Route 389
Route information
Maintained by Transports Québec
Length: 567.0 km (352.3 mi)
Major junctions
North end: Route 500 west of Fermont
South end: Route 138 in Baie-Comeau
Location
Major cities: Baie-Comeau, Fermont
Highway system

Quebec provincial highways

Route 388 Route 390
Route 389 between Baie-Comeau and Manic 5
Route 389 between Manic 5 and Relais Gabriel
Route 389 between Relais Gabriel and Gagnon
Route 389 between Gagnon and Fire Lake
Route 389 between Fire Lake and Mont Wright
Route 389 between Mont Wright and Fermont
Route 389 at the border of Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador

Quebec's Route 389 connects Route 138 adjacent to Baie-Comeau with the Newfoundland and Labrador border, connecting with the Trans-Labrador Highway (Newfoundland and Labrador provincial route 500) to Wabush and Labrador City, and beyond to Goose Bay. On its way it skirts the eastern shore of Manicouagan Reservoir. It is the only route in Quebec that overtakes the 51st parallel.

Route description[edit]

The Québec North Shore Company and Hydro-Québec completed portions from Route 389 to the Manic 5 hydroelectric project site (km 213), now known as the Daniel-Johnson Dam.

From km 213, the highway follows a path traditionally used by aboriginal people and explorers, with access to the Hart Jaune Hydroelectric Complex at km 390. The town of Gagnon, now torn down, was at km 394.

From km 317 (gas station and restaurant), the highway is now paved all the way to km 495.

Starting at km 495, the "Fire Lake Mine Road" section was built by unemployed workers during a labour dispute, influenced by the presence of the railway owned by the Québec Cartier Mining Company. This section of unpaved road is notoriously known as "the trail."

From km 495 to the provincial border at km 567 (352 miles from Baie-Comeau), the road is an accident-prone section notorious for its poor surface and sharp curves (the joke being you can see your own taillights).[citation needed] Local citizens in adjacent Labrador have been urging realignment of this road, a vital work if it were to be the routing to a fixed link to Newfoundland.

On April 9 of 2009, the Quebec government announced that $438 million will be spent for work to improve the highway from the south end as far as Fermont,[1] with major upgrading and repair work. This will include a significant reroute in the Fire Lake-Mont-Wright section far to the southeast between approximately Km 508 and Km 564, rejoining the existing route by way of the Fermont access road and no longer routing through Mont-Wright. Work is expected to take fully 10 years, although planning of improvements to this northernmost section began almost immediately.[2]

Bridge over the Pékans River (around km 550) is popular starting point for the canoe trips down the Moisie River.[3]

At km 564 is the town of Fermont, a mining town with a population of 2,918, and last Quebec port-of-call before entering Newfoundland and Labrador. Labrador City is 21 km further along what is now Highway 500, Wabush is 6 km south east of that on Highway 503 (which ends in Wabush). The Happy Valley-Goose Bay ferry terminal is located 526 km east of Wabush, along the shores of Lake Melville, with access to the Atlantic Ocean. The Labrador City/Fermont area border crossing is roughly the half-way point of the approximately 16-hour drive between the junction of Routes 138 and 389 in Baie-Comeau and the end of Route 500 (and adjunct Route 520) in Happy Valley – Goose Bay, Newfoundland and Labrador.

Kilometre markers[edit]

Kilometre Description Services
0 Junction with route 138 at Baie-Comeau All services
21 Jean-Lesage generating station (Manic 2) Guided tours (summer season)
23 Camping Manic 2 Campground
23 Le repos du passant Motel Lodging and restaurant
23 NA Public payphone
52 NA Emergency phone
95 Relais Manic-Outardes Restaurant, lodging and Wi-Fi
95 NA Emergency phone
165 NA Emergency phone
180 Camp NA
203 NA Emergency phone
211 Motel de l'énergie Gas, restaurant, lodging, convenience store and Wi-Fi
213 Daniel-Johnson Dam (Manic-5) Guided tours (summer season)
272 NA Emergency phone
317 Rest stop Garbage bin and picnic table
317 Relais Gabriel Gas, restaurant, lodging, outfitter and Wi-Fi
317 NA Emergency phone
336 Uapishka Station NA (2 km)
365 NA Emergency phone
418 Highway maintenance center NA
418 NA Emergency phone
464 NA Emergency phone
495 NA Emergency phone
495 Workers camp NA
511 NA Emergency phone
547 NA Emergency phone
547 Workers camp NA
564 Junction with J. C. Ménard boulevard towards Fermont All services (3 km)
567 Border between Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador NA

State of the road[edit]

Kilometre Description* Description*
0 to 213 Paved Correct, narrow winding road
213 to 317 Gravel Bad, narrow winding road
317 to 394 Paved Correct
394 to 495 Paved Correct
495 to 547 Gravel Bad, narrow winding road**
547 to 564 Paved Good
564 to 567 Paved Good

*As of July 2016

**The road crosses a railway multiple times

Municipalities along Route 389[edit]

The road passes through the following municipalities and unorganized territories from south to north:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Northern Québec: A new site of sustainable development" (Press release). Prospectors and Developers Association of Canada. 26 March 2009. Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  2. ^ "Amélioration de la route 389" (in French). Transports Québec. Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  3. ^ Kovac, Lester. "Lower Pékans/Lower Moisie 2006". Archived from the original on 2009-10-27. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°45′34″N 68°42′34″W / 49.7594°N 68.7095°W / 49.7594; -68.7095