Quebrada de Humahuaca

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Quebrada de Humahuaca
UNESCO World Heritage site
Jujuy-Purmamarca-P3120033.JPG
View of the Quebrada de Humahuaca
Location Jujuy Province, Argentina
Criteria Cultural: (ii), (iv), (v)
Reference 1116
Inscription 2003 (27th Session)
Area 172,116.4375 ha (425,308.979 acres)
Buffer zone 369,648.8125 ha (913,422.108 acres)
Coordinates 23°11′59″S 65°20′56″W / 23.199861111111°S 65.348861111112°W / -23.199861111111; -65.348861111112
Quebrada de Humahuaca is located in Argentina
Quebrada de Humahuaca
Location of Quebrada de Humahuaca in Argentina.

The Quebrada de Humahuaca is a narrow mountain valley located in the province of Jujuy in northwest Argentina, 1,649 km (1,025 mi) north of Buenos Aires (23°11′59″S 65°20′56″W / 23.19972°S 65.34889°W / -23.19972; -65.34889). It is about 155 km (96 mi) long, oriented north-south, bordered by the Altiplano in the west and north, by the Sub-Andean hills in the east, and by the warm valleys (Valles Templados) in the south.

The name quebrada (literally "broken") translates as a deep valley or ravine. It receives its name from Humahuaca, a small city of 11,000 inhabitants. The Grande River (Río Grande), which is dry in winter, flows copiously through the Quebrada in the summer.

The region has always been a crossroads for economic, social and cultural communication. It has been populated for at least 10,000 years, since the settlement of the first hunter-gatherers, which is evidenced by substantial prehistoric remains. It was a caravan road for the Inca Empire in the 15th century, then an important link between the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata and the Viceroyalty of Peru, as well as a stage for many battles of the Spanish War of Independence.

The Quebrada de Humahuaca was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site on 2 July 2003.

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