Queen's College, Hong Kong

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Queen's College
皇仁書院 (Chinese)
Qc logo.png

Hong Kong
CoordinatesCoordinates: 22°16′51″N 114°11′30″E / 22.2809°N 114.1917°E / 22.2809; 114.1917
TypePublic, single-sex
Motto"Labor Omnia Vincit" (Latin)
"勤有功" (Chinese)
"Labour conquers all" (English)
Established1862; 161 years ago (1862)
PrincipalLau Leung Yvetta Ruth
StaffAbout 90 staff
Number of studentsAbout 785 students
Medium of instructionEnglish, except for Chinese Language, Chinese History and Mandarin.
Campus SizeApproximately 2.5 acres (16,766 m²)
School MagazineThe Yellow Dragon - First Published in June 1899. The first Anglo-Chinese school magazine in the world
Assistant PrincipalsMs. LING Yuen-ting, Mr. WONG Kwok-keung, Mr. YU Wai-keung
Queen's College, Hong Kong
Traditional Chinese皇仁書院
Simplified Chinese皇仁书院
Victoria College
Traditional Chinese皇后書院
The Government Central School
Traditional Chinese中央書院
Third alternative Chinese name
Traditional Chinese大書院
Queen's College campus

Queen's College (Chinese: 皇仁書院; pinyin: Huáng rén shūyuàn) is the first public secondary school founded in Hong Kong by the British colonial government. It was initially named The Government Central School (Chinese: 中央書院; pinyin: Zhōngyāng shūyuàn) in 1862 and later renamed Victoria College (Chinese: 維多利亞書院; pinyin: Wéiduōlìyà shūyuàn) in 1890, and finally obtained the present name of Queen's College in 1894. It is currently located in Causeway Bay.[1][2][3]

Brief history[edit]

The history of the college can be traced back to the Chinese village schools that were believed to have existed prior to the founding of British Hong Kong as a colony in 1842.

In August 1847, the British colonial government decreed that grants would be given to existing Chinese village schools in Hong Kong. It appointed an Education Committee in November of that year to examine the state of Chinese schools in Victoria, Stanley and Aberdeen, the aim being to bring the schools under closer government supervision. Following its examinations, the Committee reported that 3 Chinese village schools, namely Taipingshan School (28 pupils), Chungwan School (18 pupils) and Sheungwan School (21 pupils) were operating actively within Victoria City under Chinese masters Mr. Chuy Shing-cheung, Mr. Leung Sing-Than and Mr. Mak Mai-chun, respectively. The books used in these schools included the Three Character Classics (三字經), and the Four Books and the Five Classics (四書五經).[4] This marked the beginning of the establishment of public education in Hong Kong. Subsequently, government intervention in the provision of education in Hong Kong increased, and in 1857, it established new schools, including West Point School, to meet the ever-increasing demand for education in the burgeoning entrepôt.

In 1860, the British sinologist Rev. Dr. James Legge proposed that the Board of Education establish a Central School that would amalgamate the 3 existing government sponsored and monitored Chinese schools (Taipingshan, Chungwan and Sheungwan) in Victoria City. Two years later, a Government Central School on Gough Street, Central, opened its doors to the public in 1862. Its first headmaster was Dr. Frederick Stewart, who was also appointed Inspector of Schools in the Colony. As Headmaster, he was responsible for the supervision of all schools in Hong Kong until March 1879, when the Government established a separate office for the Inspector; this later became the precursor to the Department of Education, which was then incorporated into the Education Bureau.

In its first five years, the school admitted only Chinese students as a matter of policy. In 1867, it began admitting students of other nationalities, such as British, Indian, Parsee, Japanese and Thai. While Chinese students had to enrol in English classes, students from other nationalities were not expected to study the Chinese classics.

Secular schooling sparked a great deal of controversy with the Hong Kong Governor and religious leaders. On many occasions, the Governor personally scrutinized and intervened in the operations of these schools. Later, the Government established a grant program that enabled religious schools to compete on par with the Central School for funding.

On 26 April 1884, a foundation stone was laid on Aberdeen Street for the school's new premises by Sir George Bowen, Governor from 1883 to 1887. Witnessing the ceremony was Sun Yat-sen, then a student at the school. On the Governor's recommendation, the school was to be renamed Victoria College following the completion of the new building.

Queen's College, a photograph from 1908

In 1889, construction of the school was completed at a cost of HKD250,000, making it one of the largest and most expensive buildings in Hong Kong at that time.

In 1894, the school was officially renamed Queen's College. Since the 1870s, the Government had wanted to expand the college to become a university; however, the idea was scrapped after the outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War in 1904. Fearing that the benefits it enjoyed in the Far-East could be jeopardized by Japan's growing influence in the region, the British colonial government decided that it was crucial to establish a university that could train graduates in war-related subjects, such as engineering and medicine. While Queen's College remained a secondary school, this eventually led to the establishment of the University of Hong Kong in 1910.

Following the Japanese invasion of Hong Kong in 1941, the school was forced to close, after which it was converted into a Field hospital. Immediately after the fall of Hong Kong, refugees stripped the buildings of their timber for fuel. During the Japanese occupation, the school site was used by Japanese Occupying Forces. As a result, the campus was destroyed during an Allied bombing attack near the end of the War (1944 or 1945). For a brief period after, its ruins were occupied by refugees following the Japanese surrender, and fire accidents were common. Beginning in 1948, the site was cleared to make way for the PMQ.

In 1947, the school re-opened in a temporary facility on Kennedy Road, sharing a campus with Clementi Secondary School.

In 1950, a new campus of Queen's College was built in Causeway Bay to accommodate the school's expansion. It moved to the present site on Causeway Road, opposite Victoria Park, on 22 September. That day, Sir Alexander Grantham, Governor of Hong Kong, announced the re-opening of Queen's College. Since then, the two-storey high building has served countless numbers of Q.C. students.

Until 1951, pupils typically entered Queen's College at Class 4 (equivalent to today's Form 3). In September 1951, two additional grades were created at the bottom end of the school, the lowest grade thus becoming Class 6 (Form 1 today). For a time, these changes in organization and other factors, resulting from the rapid growth of education, led to an uneven distribution of divisions. In 1950 for instance, there were ten divisions of Class 4. In 1951, four of these divisions were transferred to King's College (英皇書院). From 1955, undergraduates intending to focus on the Arts were transferred to King's College and later to Belilios Public School for their Advanced Level year. From 1962, an extra Upper Sixth Form was provided to arts students so that QC boys would no longer have to study at Belilios. Meanwhile, for a brief period, Belilios Girls were sent over to Queen's to study Science. Since then, Queen's College has remained a full-time Anglo-Chinese secondary school for boys.

School song[edit]

The melody of the school song of Queen's College was adapted from the school anthem of England's Harrow School, with lyrics provided by Mr. William Kay, formerly a long-serving vice principal at the school. Heep Yunn School, an all-girls school in Kowloon, also shares the same melody for their school song. This rendition of the Queen's College school song is arranged by Dr. Lau Kai-chi, Anthony (Music Panel Head at Queen's College 1994 - 2009).


At Queen's College, school logos were only officially adopted after the Second World War. Prior to the War, the school, like other government departments, used the Royal Emblem as its logo. However, Queen's College's first school logo was designed as early as 1923 by Mr Ng Ping-un, Chief Chinese draftsman of the Architectural Office. The post-war school logo changed numerous times, all of them based on Ng's 1923 design. The school's current logo was adopted in 1997 after the Transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong.

List of Top Scorers in Public Examinations[edit]

Queen's College has produced the highest number of perfect achievers in the history of Hong Kong Certificate of Education Examination (HKCEE) and Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education Examination (HKDSE), with 55 perfect scorers "10As" in HKCEE and 13 "Top Scorers" and "Super Top Scorers" in HKDSE.[5][6]

7 x 5** "Top Scorers" are candidates who obtained perfect scores of 5** in each of the four core subjects and three electives.

8 x 5** "Super Top Scorers" are candidates who obtained seven Level 5** in four core subjects and three electives, and an additional Level 5** in the Mathematics Extended (M1/M2) module.[7]

Activities and achievements[edit]

There are 49 clubs grouped under Sports, Recreational, Religious, Social Services, and Academic (Science & Arts) areas. Most clubs hold events and functions for the participation of all students and many of them organize joint events with sister schools throughout every academic year. They also actively participate in annual school Open Days.

Hong Kong Outstanding Students Awards[edit]

Queen's College students have won 21 of the past Hong Kong Outstanding Students Awards,[8] placing the school in 2nd place among all secondary schools in Hong Kong. Of the 45 winners and finalists, 21 have served on the executive committee of the Hong Kong Outstanding Students' Association (HKOSA)[9]

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Outstanding Students Awards[edit]

Queen's College counts a total of seven winners and finalists of the Hong Kong Outstanding Students Awards from 2002 to 2017.[10]


A school magazine named The Yellow Dragon.

First published in June 1899, the Queen's College school magazine, The Yellow Dragon (《黃龍報》), is the world's oldest existing Anglo-Chinese school magazine. A priceless historical resource, it provides a window into the evolution of education in Hong Kong and on societal evolution in the Asia Pacific region. In 2005, the magazine published its 100th volume. The Chinese section of the edition featured a brief summary of the magazine's past 100 volumes (百期回望專輯), written by seven students to commemorate the special occasion.

Another regular publication is the school newspaper, The Courier (《文苑》), which has been published since 1968. Currently, 3 issues are produced each year, covering the school's major functions and featuring student contributions.

In commemoration of the school's 125th anniversary, the Queen's College Old Boys' Association published a limited-edition history of the school entitled Queen's College: Its History 1862-1987 in 1987. Its author, Gwyneth Stokes, whose husband John was the Principal of Queen's College from 1965 to 1970, spent 2 years researching the 494-page book in local archives and in the UK.


In 2006, it was reported that two Queen's College students robbed a Chinese Medicine Petitioner in his clinic in Shanghai Street, Jordan with cutters and towels soaked with chloroform.

Mr. Chiu Sin Hang, an assistant principal on probation, was involved in several scandals:

  • Pressing students to support the police in school magazine: The Queen's College Political Reform Concern Group revealed that assistant principal Chiu Sin Hang requested a change in topic to "police force" in the latest The Yellow Dragon at that time, in the hopes of supporting the local police force which has suffered a negative image in the Umbrella Movement. The Yellow Dragon later released a statement confirming the request from Chiu and stated that principal Ms. Li Sui-wah rejected said request. This event caused outrage not just between students and alumni as it inflected students' freedom in expression and created unnecessary burden on the students in charge.[11]
  • Failure to declare interests attained in beer-drinking contest: Assistant principal Chiu Sin Hang attended a dinner event held by the Queen's College Old Boys' Association in which he participated in a beer-drinking contest and prevailed. He was granted a travel coupon to Macau of around $5000 in value. Chiu did not declare the said prize to the Education Bureau, breaching the Civil Service Code and the Prevention of Bribery Ordinance. His act of participating in the beer-drinking contest and bingeing large amounts of alcohol in front of teachers, students and alumni in his position as not only an assistant principal in probation but also a teacher also sparked major criticism to his professionalism and competence.[12][13]

List of Alumni[edit]

Politicians, judges, diplomats, and military staff[edit]

Dr. Sun Yat-sen

Medical doctors[edit]



List of Headmasters and Principals[edit]

  • Dr. Frederick Stewart (史安) (1862–1881)
  • Dr. G. H. Bateson Wright (黎璧臣) (1881–1909)
  • Mr. Thomas Kirkman Dealy, FRGS, FEIS, FCS, DRF (Paris) (狄吏) (1909–1918)
  • Mr. Bertram Tanner, ISO (丹雅) (1918–1925)
  • Mr. Alfred Herbert Crook, OBE, FRGS (祈祿) (1925–1930)
  • Mr. Francis Joseph de Rome, MBE (狄隆) (1930–1939)
  • Mr. M. G. O'Connor (Acting) (1939–1941)
  • Mr. L. G. Morgan (Acting) (1947)
  • Mr. J. J. Ferguson (Acting) (1947)
  • Mr. Harry Norman Williamson, OBE (威廉遜) (1947–1961)
  • Mr. Cheung King-pak (張經柏) (1961–1964)
  • Mr. Wong Yee-wa (Acting) (1964)
  • Mr. F. C. Gamble (金寶) (1964–1965)
  • Mr. John Stokes (司徒莊) (1965–1970)
  • Mr. Raymond Huang (黃勵文) (1970–1973)
  • Mr. William Cheng Hsü-ning (鄭旭寧) (1973–1976)
  • Mr. Timothy Yung (榮德淵) (1976–1982)
  • Mr. Chew Tung-sing (趙東成) (1982–1987)
  • Mr. Kong Shiu-chung (江紹忠) (1987–1994)
  • Mr. Lee Kar-hung (李家鴻) (1994–2000)
  • Ms. Kitty Cheung Lam Lai-king (張林麗琼) (2000–2003)
  • Mr. Vincent Li Lok-yin (李樂然) (2003–2013)
  • Ms. Li Sui-wah (李瑞華) (2013–2018)
  • Ms. Leung Yvetta Ruth (梁路德) (2018-)

List of Head Prefects[edit]

  • Leung Fok Tin (1911)
  • Tsang On Wing (1912)
  • Tang Shu Ham (1913)
  • C.O. Daneng (1914)
  • A.M. Abbas (1915)
  • S.D. Ismah (1916)
  • Leung Chuek Hin (1916)
  • Ng Ming (1917)
  • S.O. Snail (1918)
  • Tsoi Tse Shek (1919)
  • Wei Tat (1920)
  • Iu Tak Cheuk (1921)
  • Ho Tung Fan (1922)
  • Ching Ming Chow (1923)
  • Cheng Iu Man (1924)
  • Frank Grose (1925)
  • Hu Pak Mi (1926)
  • Cheung King Pak (1927)
  • Fung Tin Yau (1928)
  • Mok Ying Kee (1929)
  • V.V. Soonderam (1930)
  • Arch E Hunt (1931)
  • Hung Ng Chiu (1932)
  • Lai Kee Leung (1933)
  • Mok Kai Wing (1934)
  • S Lee (1935)
  • Lo Kan (1936)
  • Hung Shek Chiu (1937)
  • Au Hung Cho (1938)
  • Ng Shun Leung (1939)
  • Lam Sui Kwan (1940)
  • Wong Yue Shing (1941)
  • Tso Shiu Chiu (1953)
  • Tse Siu Man (1954)
  • Tong Tak Kim (1955)
  • Ko Shan Ling (1956)
  • Kwok Yau Yan (1957)
  • Leung Sung Shan (1958)
  • Lau Hon Shung (1959)
  • Lee Shew Lai (1960)
  • Yue Shu Hoi (1961)
  • Tam Lam Sang (1962)
  • Wong Chak Po (1963)
  • Chow Chee Cheung (1964)
  • Wong Sui Leung (1965)
  • Au Wai Hin (1966)
  • Fung Chuen Fai (1967)
  • Chu Kwong Yue (1968)
  • Poon Tek Cheung (1969)
  • Lee Shu Wing (1970)
  • Leung Chi Chiu (1971)
  • Chen Chung I (1972)
  • Chung Chi Wai (1973)
  • Li Tin Chiu (1974)
  • Ng Kwok Fan (1975)
  • Poon Chung Ho (1976)
  • Chan Che Tung (1977)
  • Tse Kin Wah (1978)
  • Tang Shu Wing (1979)
  • Yau Tsz Kok (1980)
  • Lee Kwok Lun (1981)
  • Yip Kam Keung (1982)
  • Wong Yan Lung (1981–82)
  • Salleh Siddique (1982–83)
  • Chan Ho Yin (1983–84)
  • Lee Kang Yin (1984–85)
  • Chan Tze Wang (1985–86)
  • Chow Wai Shum (1986–87)
  • Ma Yu Moon (1987–88)
  • Kan Kin Hong (1988–89)
  • Chang Chi Ho (1989–90)
  • Yip Kam Leung (1990–91)
  • Yip Wing Kong (1991–92)
  • Chung Chong Sun (1992–93)
  • Tsui Siu Kay Gordon (1993–94)
  • Chi Yuk Lun (1994–95)
  • Chiang Mung (1995–96)
  • Ko Cheuk Hin (1996–97)
  • Cheung Wan Chi (1997–98)
  • Tong Chi Keung (1998–99)
  • Lam Shi (1999-2000)
  • Lee Wing Cheong (2000–01)
  • Lee Chun Hong (2001–02)
  • Chiu Kwun Sau (2002–03)
  • Cheung Ming Fun (2003–04)
  • Cheung Yik Nang (2004–05)
  • Tse Cheuk Yin Andrew (2005–06)
  • Ko Wang Yui (2006–07)
  • Chia Chi Fung (2007–08)
  • Chan Tin Yau (2008–09)
  • Lee Tat Fung Billy (2009–10)
  • Ng Chi Ho Gary (2010–11)
  • Tse Tak Mong Desmond (2011–12)
  • Leung Ka Kei (2012–13)
  • Mak Li Shun (2013–14)
  • Hon Pun Yat (2014–15)
  • Choy Wai Chak (2015–16)
  • Yuen Wai Him (2016–17)
  • Lau Pok Wai (2017–18)
  • Ng Shing Him (2018–19)
  • Fung Wing Kan (2019–20)
  • Pang Ho (2020–21)
  • Yeung Ho Eden (2021–22)

Queen's College History Museum[edit]

History Museum Interior


The Queen's College History Gallery was established in 2013 to illustrate the history of the school and to serve as an archive for preserving and restoring school-related artifacts, documents and relevant publications. To give the 4000-piece strong collection and exhibition a more favourable environment, a new purpose-built museum converted from several classrooms was completed and opened on 23 January 2017. Renamed the Queen's College History Museum, it currently hosts a permanent exhibition entitled "From Gough Street to Causeway Road: Change and Continuity of Queen's College" curated by Old Boys Honorary Curators.

List of Special Exhibitions

  • 2017-18 - Special Collections: Photos, Reports, Publications & Correspondences
  • 2018-19 - The Early Days of Queen's College
  • 2019-20 - 120th Anniversary of The Yellow Dragon
  • 2020-21 - Brotherhood Over a Century: Centenary of the QC Old Boys' Association
  • 2021-22 - Treasures of a School History Museum: 160 Years of Queen's College in 16 Objects


  1. ^ "THE HONGKONG Government Gazette - Government Notification No.38" (PDF). THE HONGKONG Government Gazette. 3 February 1894. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  2. ^ "THE HONGKONG Government Gazette - Government Notification No.70" (PDF). THE HONGKONG Government Gazette. 22 February 1890. p. 1. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  3. ^ "QC School History". Queen's College. 10 August 2022. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  4. ^ Ng Lun, Ngai-ha Alice (1967). Educational policy and the public response in Hong Kong, 1842-1913. Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong. p. 8.
  5. ^ "歷屆223狀元 皇仁女拔佔四成". Ming Pao Daily News. 3 August 2010. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
  6. ^ "DSE狀元". HK01. 20 July 2022. Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  7. ^ "HKDSE exam results reveal eight top scorers from eight schools". The Standard. 20 July 2022. Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  8. ^ Hong Kong Outstanding Students Awards
  9. ^ "Hong Kong Outstanding Students' Association". The Youth Arch Foundation.
  10. ^ "Members « HKSAROSU I Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Outstanding Students' Union I 香港特別行政區傑出學生聯會". www.osu.org.hk. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  11. ^ "皇仁副校涉逼學生改校刊撐警". Apple Daily 蘋果日報. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  12. ^ "贏「啤酒大賽」獲換領券 皇仁副校被指無申報 廉署前調查主任:或觸犯防賄條例 (20:58) - 20161213 - 港聞". 即時新聞. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  13. ^ 黎梓緯 (13 December 2016). "皇仁副校長遭投訴收5,000元獎品未申報 教育局調查". 香港01 (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  14. ^ "医学博物馆通讯 no08".
  15. ^ Rebecca Chan Chung, Deborah Chung and Cecilia Ng Wong, "Piloted to Serve", 2012
  16. ^ https://www.facebook.com/PilotedToServe[user-generated source]
  17. ^ http://www.cnac.org/rebeccachan_piloted_to_serve_01.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  18. ^ Ng, James. "Benjamin Wong Tape". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  19. ^ "Mung Chiang – Full Biography". Purdue University. 10 August 2022. Retrieved 10 August 2022.

External links[edit]