Queen's Park, London

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Queen's Park
Queen's Park montage.jpg
From top left to bottom right: The northern entrance to Queen's Park; Victorian houses on Chevening Road; The bandstand in Queen's Park; Queen's Park Post Office on Salusbury Road
Queen's Park is located in Greater London
Queen's Park
Queen's Park
Queen's Park shown within Greater London
Population 15,281 (2011 Census. Brent Ward)[1]
OS grid reference TQ246832
• Charing Cross 4 mi (6.4 km) SE
Civil parish
  • Queen's Park [2]
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district NW6
Postcode district W10 W9
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°32′02″N 0°12′09″W / 51.5338°N 0.2026°W / 51.5338; -0.2026Coordinates: 51°32′02″N 0°12′09″W / 51.5338°N 0.2026°W / 51.5338; -0.2026

Queen's Park is an affluent area in London located 3.9 miles (6.3 km) north-west of Charing Cross.[3] The northern half lies in the London Borough of Brent while the southern half lies in the City of Westminster.

Known for family-friendly living,[3] the area is centred around a park of 30 acres (12 ha) from which the area takes its name, which opened in 1887 and was named to honour Queen Victoria. The park is now managed by the City of London Corporation.

Architecturally, Queen’s Park is an important historic area, characterised by a unified urban layout with a high level of building preservation. The park is a good example of a Victorian urban green space, and the surrounding streets largely comprise original two and three-storey Victorian buildings.[4]

Geography[edit]

The area is bounded by North Kensington to the south, Kensal Green to the west, Willesden to the north and Kilburn to the east.

History[edit]

19th century[edit]

The area around Queens' Park was developed from 1875, and was named to honour Queen Victoria.[5] The open space opened in 1887, located to the north, also shares the name.[5]

The north of Queen's Park formed part of the parish of Willesden and the southern section formed an exclave of the parish of Chelsea, both in the Ossulstone hundred of Middlesex. In 1855 the vestry of the Chelsea parish was incorporated as a local council in the metropolitan area of London governed by the Metropolitan Board of Works. Willesden parish remained outside the area and formed a local government district from 1874.

In 1879 the Royal Agricultural Society annual show was held on the area which would become Queen’s Park. The 100 acre site was chosen for its proximity to the railway network, Queen’s Park Station having opened on 2 June 1879 on the main line from London to Birmingham, just in time to facilitate the movement of heavy machinery and stock. By the 1870s the annual shows had become major events and the Kilburn show was to be the largest ever held. The show was opened on 30 June 1879 by the Prince and Princess of Wales and saw an entry of 11,878 implements, 2,879 livestock entries and over 187,000 visitors. Poor weather and deep mud led to low attendance, but a visit by Queen Victoria on the fifth day, where she was driven on a specially constructed drive of ballast and brick from the new station along Salusbury Road on a route lined with cheering crowds, rallied visitors.[6]

In 1884 the North West London Park League was formed to secure the site as a people’s park. The League appealed to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners not to sell the land for building until the future of the site could be assured as a public open space. In 1885 the Estates Committee of the Commissioners agreed to offer the use of the central portion of the land of 30 acres (12 ha) for public use and that the remaining portion of the site would be laid out as housing to derive the most benefit from the frontage onto the proposed park. The offer was to be made through the Lord Mayor to the City of London Corporation, conditional on Parliamentary sanction. At 3:00 p.m. 5 September 1887 Queen’s Park officially opened with several thousand people present.[6]

Victorian houses on Chevening Road in Queen's Park, built around 1899.

The houses around Queen's Park were erected over a number of years starting with the north side of Harvist Road of which the majority were completed by 1899.[4] The west side of Chevening Road was also under construction in 1899 by local builders Bennet and Gimbrett to the design of G A Sexton. Many builders contributed to the estate which helped to generate the varied architectural character that can be seen on Kempe, Keslake and Chamberlayne Roads.[4]

The football team Queens Park Rangers was formed in Queen's Park in 1886, and became a professional team in 1889.[7]

In 1889 the area of the Metropolitan Board of Works that included the southern section of Queen's Park was transferred from Middlesex to the County of London, and in 1900 the anomaly of being administered from Chelsea was removed when the exclave was united with the parish of Paddington.[8]

20th century[edit]

A map showing the Queen's Park ward of Paddington Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1916.

In 1915 the Bakerloo Line was extended to Queen’s Park station.[6], the nearby Kensal Green station appearing in 1916. Both stations offer easy access to Paddington, Charing Cross and Waterloo mainline stations [9]

In 1917 Queens Park Rangers moved away from the area to the Loftus Road stadium in nearby Shepherd's Bush.

In 1965 both parts of Queen's Park became part of Greater London: the northern section formed part of Brent and the southern section joined the City of Westminster.

In 1986 Brent Council with the support of English Heritage made the area around Queen’s Park a Conservation Area in recognition of its special architectural and historic character. Subsequently in 1993 the designated area was extended westwards towards Chamberlayne Road.[4]

Governance[edit]

The area is divided by Kilburn Lane into two wards, which unusually are both named Queen's Park since they belong to two different London boroughs. The area north of Kilburn Lane is the Queen's Park ward of the London Borough of Brent, while the area south of Kilburn Lane is the Queen's Park ward of the City of Westminster.

Queen's Park (London Borough of Brent)

The Queen's Park ward in the south-east of the London Borough of Brent is represented by three Labour Party councillors on Brent London Borough Council as of the 2018 election.[10] This ward forms part of the Hampstead and Kilburn constituency, represented by Labour MP Tulip Siddiq.

Queen's Park (City of Westminster)

The Queen's Park ward in the north west of the City of Westminster is represented by three Labour Party councillors on Westminster City Council.[11] This ward forms part of the Westminster North parliamentary constituency, represented by Labour MP Karen Buck. In May 2012 residents of the ward voted in favour of the establishment of a Queen's Park civil parish and parish council.

In June 2012, Westminster City Council approved the establishment of the first civil parish created in London since new legislation was enacted in 2007.[12] The first election of councillors took place in May 2014 at the same time as other local elections.[13][14]

The park[edit]

The northwest part of Queen's Park

The park was laid out by Alexander McKenzie between March 1887 and June 1887. McKenzie was a leading figure in Victorian park design, part of an influential group of landscape designers which included Robert Marnock, Joseph Meston and William Robinson who led garden design away from the parterres and geometry of earlier Victorian gardens to a more natural style of gardening.[6]

Designed without any straight, Queen's Park makes extensive use of bold tree planting and shrubberies with natural outlines, and large open areas of lawn for recreation and sport.[6]

Facilities in the park include six all-weather tennis courts, a pitch-and-putt course, an ornamental quiet garden, a children's playground with paddling pool, a children's animal farm and a cafe.

The bandstand in Queen's Park

A landmark in the park is the bandstand, which was completed in 1887 using ironwork supplied by Walter Fariane & Co. of Glasgow, and a timber roof with wrought-iron scrolled devices to each facet, and a central wrought- iron lantern. The bandstand was Grade-II listed in 2000.[15]

The park is managed by the City of London Corporation. In 2014 it won Green Flag status for the 18th year in a row, and an additional Green Heritage Site award for its care and conservation of open space and facilities.[16]

The City of London focuses on sustainable management, recycling as much waste as possible. Grass clippings and wood are used to make mulch for shrubberies; everyday waste like cans, bottles and plastics are separated and recycled. Residents bring in their Christmas trees which are mulched and return for use on their own gardens. Rain water is recycled via a new drainage system. All water runs into a holding tank underground and can be pumped to various areas when needed.[17]

Places of worship[edit]

Imam Khoei Islamic Centre

Queen's Park has a range of places of worship:

Culture[edit]

The local community host two annual festivals at Queen's Park.

  • Queens Parks Day in September brings together a funfair, stalls for local community groups and shops, various entertainments (including acrobats and bird of prey displays) and live music hosted by the Rhythm Studio who foster young bands and singers in the Queens Park area.
  • The Queens Park Book Festival, in May, mixes national and international writers with local writing groups as part of the growing book festival movement across England.

Economy[edit]

The Post Office on Salusbury Road

The economic centre of Queen's Park is Salusbury Road, where there are many shops, pubs, cafes and restaurants.

The weekly Queen's Park Farmers' Market has around 40 stalls and takes place every Sunday between 10am and 2pm in the grounds of Salusbury Primary School on Salusbury Road, draws people from across north west London. The market was awarded market of the year at the Farmers’ Market and Retail Association Local Food Awards in 2012.[18]

AMC Networks opened a 25,000 square feet (2,300 m2) UK headquarters office housing 200 employees on Salusbury Road in 2017.[19]

Education[edit]

The area has various schools:

Transport[edit]

Queen's Park station is a tube and Network Rail station in Travelcard Zone 2; it has direct links to south and central London via the Bakerloo line or to Euston, Watford Junction and intermediate stations via London Overground trains or to Harrow & Wealdstone station using Bakerloo line trains. Brondesbury Park station, on the London Overground North London Line, is near the northeast corner of Queen's Park.[21][22]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Brent Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  2. ^ "Queen's Park - Community Council". www.queensparkcommunitycouncil.gov.uk. 
  3. ^ a b Thorpe, Caroline. "Queen's Park's green space lures affluent professionals". The Financial Times. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d http://democracy.brent.gov.uk/documents/s14308/Queens
  5. ^ a b Mills, A.D. (2001). Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "A History of Queen's Park" (PDF). City of London Corporation. Retrieved 6 September 2017. 
  7. ^ "Our History – Key dates". Queens Park Rangers. Retrieved 27 August 2016. 
  8. ^ "Historical Records of Westminster City Council". Westminster City Council. Archived from the original on 26 December 2010. Retrieved 18 January 2011. 
  9. ^ "Queen's Park and Kensal Client Case Study". London Property Match. Retrieved 15 December 2017. 
  10. ^ "Your councillors by Ward". Brent Council. Retrieved 19 July 2018. 
  11. ^ http://www3.westminster.gov.uk/cttee/committee1/wards.cfm?w_id=13
  12. ^ "Queen's Park parish council gets go-ahead". BBC News London online. London. 29 May 2012. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  13. ^ Derounian, James (2 February 2014). "Queen's Park: home of London's first parish council". The Guardian. 
  14. ^ "X Marks the Spot for London's First Parish Council". Local Council Review. 29 April 2014. Archived from the original on 27 May 2014. 
  15. ^ "BANDSTAND IN QUEENS PARK". Historic England. 
  16. ^ King, Lorraine. "Green Flag status and heritage award for Queen's Park". Brent & Kilburn Times. 
  17. ^ "Management - City of London". www.cityoflondon.gov.uk. 
  18. ^ Brady, Tara. "Queen's Park Farmers' Market scoops top award". Brent & Kilburn Times. 
  19. ^ "A Tour of AMC Networks' New London Office". Officelovin'. 
  20. ^ "Prince goes pop to praise school". BBC News. 10 May 2000. Retrieved 17 May 2013. 
  21. ^ Snow, L. (2006). Queen's Park, Kensal, Brondesbury and Harlesden : a pictorial history. Chichester, West Sussex, England : Phillimore, 2006.
  22. ^ Anthea, M. (2016, August 3). Spotlight on Queen's Park. Evening Standard. p. 28.
  23. ^ a b c "Grunge and glamour meet in Queen's Park". 18 March 2011 – via www.thetimes.co.uk. 
  24. ^ a b "Subscribe to read". Financial Times. 
  25. ^ "CILLIAN MURPHY ON THE RETURN OF PEAKY BLINDERS". www.theresident.co.uk. 
  26. ^ "Subscribe to read". Financial Times. 
  27. ^ "Fearless – Michael 'Venom' Page mini documentary". whoatv.com. 16 February 2015. 

External links[edit]