Queen are a British rock band formed in London in 1970. Their classic line-up was Freddie Mercury (lead vocals and piano), Brian May (lead guitar and vocals), Roger Taylor (drums and vocals), and John Deacon (bass guitar). Their earliest works were influenced by progressive rock, hard rock and heavy metal, but the band gradually ventured into more conventional and radio-friendly works by incorporating further styles, such as arena rock and pop rock.
Before forming Queen, May and Taylor had played together in the band Smile. Mercury was a fan of Smile and encouraged them to experiment with more elaborate stage and recording techniques. He joined in 1970 and suggested the name "Queen". Deacon was recruited before the band recorded their eponymous debut album in 1973. Queen first charted in the UK with their second album, Queen II, in 1974. Sheer Heart Attack later that year and A Night at the Opera in 1975 brought them international success. The latter featured "Bohemian Rhapsody", which stayed at number one in the UK for nine weeks and helped popularise the music video.
The band’s 1977 album News of the World contained "We Will Rock You" and "We Are the Champions", which have become anthems at sporting events. By the early 1980s, Queen were one of the biggest stadium rock bands in the world. "Another One Bites the Dust" (1980) became their best-selling single, while their 1981 compilation album Greatest Hits is the best-selling album in the UK and is certified eight times platinum in the US. Their performance at the 1985 Live Aid concert has been ranked among the greatest in rock history by various publications. In August 1986, Mercury gave his last performance with Queen at Knebworth, England. In 1991, he died of bronchopneumonia, a complication of AIDS, and Deacon retired in 1997. Since 2004, May and Taylor have toured under the "Queen +" name with vocalists Paul Rodgers and Adam Lambert.
Estimates of Queen's record sales range from 170 million to 300 million records, making them one of the world's best-selling music artists. Queen received the Outstanding Contribution to British Music Award from the British Phonographic Industry in 1990. They were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2001. Each member has composed hit singles, and all four were inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2003. In 2005, Queen received the Ivor Novello Award for Outstanding Song Collection from the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers, and Authors. In 2018, they were presented the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.
- 1 History
- 1.1 1968–1974: Early era
- 1.2 1974–1976: Sheer Heart Attack to A Night at the Opera
- 1.3 1976–1979: A Day at the Races to Live Killers
- 1.4 1980–1984: The Game to The Works
- 1.5 1985–1988: Live Aid and tours
- 1.6 1988–1992: Mercury's final years
- 1.7 1995–2003: Made in Heaven to 46664 Concert
- 1.8 2004–2009: Queen + Paul Rodgers
- 1.9 2009–2011: Departure from EMI, 40th anniversary
- 1.10 2011–present: Queen + Adam Lambert, Queen Forever
- 2 Music style and influences
- 3 Legacy
- 4 In other media
- 5 Personnel
- 6 Awards and nominations
- 7 Tours
- 8 Discography
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
1968–1974: Early era
In 1968, guitarist Brian May, a student at London's Imperial College, and bassist Tim Staffell decided to form a band. May placed an advertisement on a college notice board for a "Mitch Mitchell/Ginger Baker type" drummer; Roger Taylor, a young dental student, auditioned and got the job. The group called themselves Smile.
While attending Ealing Art College in west London, Tim Staffell became friends with Farrokh “Freddie” Bulsara, a fellow student from Zanzibar of Indian Parsi descent. Bulsara, who was working as a baggage handler at London’s Heathrow Airport, felt that he and the band had the same tastes and soon became a keen fan of Smile. In 1970, after Staffell left to join the band Humpy Bong, the remaining Smile members, encouraged by now-member Bulsara, changed their name to "Queen" and performed their first gig on 18 July. The band had a number of bass players during this period who did not fit with the band's chemistry. It was not until February 1971 that they settled on John Deacon and began to rehearse for their first album. They recorded four of their own songs, "Liar", "Keep Yourself Alive", "The Night Comes Down" and "Jesus", for a demo tape; no record companies were interested. It was also around this time Freddie changed his surname to "Mercury", inspired by the line "Mother Mercury, look what they've done to me" in the song "My Fairy King". On 2 July 1971, Queen played their first show in the classic line-up of Mercury, May, Taylor and Deacon at a Surrey college outside London.
Having attended art college, Mercury also designed Queen's logo, called the Queen crest, shortly before the release of the band's first album. The logo combines the zodiac signs of all four members: two lions for Leo (Deacon and Taylor), a crab for Cancer (May), and two fairies for Virgo (Mercury). The lions embrace a stylised letter Q, the crab rests atop the letter with flames rising directly above it, and the fairies are each sheltering below a lion. There is also a crown inside the Q and the whole logo is over-shadowed by an enormous phoenix. The whole symbol bears a passing resemblance to the Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom, particularly with the lion supporters. The original logo, as found on the reverse-side of the cover of the band's first album, was a simple line drawing. Later sleeves bore more intricate-coloured versions of the logo.
In 1972, Queen entered discussions with Trident Studios after being spotted at De Lane Lea Studios by John Anthony. After these discussions, Norman Sheffield offered the band a management deal under Neptune Productions, a subsidiary of Trident, to manage the band and enable them to use the facilities at Trident to record new material, whilst the management searched for a record label to sign Queen. This suited both parties, as Trident were expanding into management, and under the deal, Queen were able to make use of the hi-tech recording facilities used by other musicians such as the Beatles and Elton John to produce new material. Roger Taylor later described these early off-peak studio hours as "gold dust".
In 1973, Queen signed to a deal with Trident/EMI. By July of that year, they released their eponymous debut album, an effort influenced by heavy metal and progressive rock. The album was received well by critics; Gordon Fletcher of Rolling Stone called it "superb", and Chicago's Daily Herald called it an "above average debut". However, it drew little mainstream attention, and the lead single "Keep Yourself Alive" sold poorly. Retrospectively, it is cited as the highlight of the album, and in 2008 Rolling Stone ranked it 31st in the "100 Greatest Guitar Songs of All Time", describing it as "an entire album's worth of riffs crammed into a single song". The album was certified gold in the UK and the US.
The group's second LP, Queen II, was released in 1974, and features rock photographer Mick Rock's iconic image of the band on the cover. This image would be used as the basis for the 1975 "Bohemian Rhapsody" music video production. The album reached number five on the British album chart and became the first Queen album to chart in the UK. The Freddie Mercury-written lead single "Seven Seas of Rhye" reached number ten in the UK, giving the band their first hit. The album is the first real testament to the band's distinctive layered sound, and features long complex instrumental passages, fantasy-themed lyrics, and musical virtuosity. Aside from its only single, the album also included the song "The March of the Black Queen", a six-minute epic which lacks a chorus. The Daily Vault described the number as "menacing". Critical reaction was mixed; the Winnipeg Free Press, while praising the band's debut album, described Queen II as an "over-produced monstrosity". AllMusic has described the album as a favourite among the band's hardcore fans, and it is the first of three Queen albums to feature in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.
1974–1976: Sheer Heart Attack to A Night at the Opera
In May 1974, a month into the band's first US tour opening for Mott the Hoople, Brian May collapsed and was diagnosed with hepatitis, forcing the cancellation of their remaining dates. While recuperating, May was initially absent when the band started work on their third album, but he returned midway through the recording process. Released in 1974, Sheer Heart Attack reached number two in the United Kingdom, sold well throughout Europe, and went gold in the United States. It gave the band their first real experience of international success, and was a hit on both sides of the Atlantic. The album experimented with a variety of musical genres, including British music hall, heavy metal, ballads, ragtime, and Caribbean. At this point, Queen started to move away from the progressive tendencies of their first two releases into a more radio-friendly, song-orientated style. Sheer Heart Attack introduced new sound and melody patterns that would be refined on their next album, A Night at the Opera.
The single "Killer Queen" from Sheer Heart Attack reached number two on the British charts, and became their first US hit, reaching number 12 on the Billboard Hot 100. It combines camp, vaudeville, and British music hall with May's guitar virtuosity. The album's second single, "Now I'm Here", a more traditional hard rock composition, was a number eleven hit in Britain, while the high speed rocker "Stone Cold Crazy" featuring May's uptempo riffs is a precursor to speed metal. In recent years, the album has received acclaim from music publications: In 2006, Classic Rock ranked it number 28 in "The 100 Greatest British Rock Albums Ever", and in 2007, Mojo ranked it No.88 in "The 100 Records That Changed the World". It is also the second of three Queen albums to feature in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.
In January 1975, the band left for a world tour with each member in Zandra Rhodes-created costumes and accompanied with banks of lights and effects. They toured the US as headliners, and played in Canada for the first time, after that they played in seven cities of Japan from mid-April to the start of May. In September, after an angry split with Trident, the band negotiated themselves out of their Trident Studios contract and searched for new management. One of the options they considered was an offer from Led Zeppelin's manager, Peter Grant. Grant wanted them to sign with Led Zeppelin's own production company, Swan Song Records. The band found the contract unacceptable and instead contacted Elton John's manager, John Reid, who accepted the position.
In late 1975, Queen recorded and released A Night at the Opera, taking its name from the popular Marx Brothers movie. At the time, it was the most expensive album ever produced. Like its predecessor, the album features diverse musical styles and experimentation with stereo sound. In "The Prophet's Song", an eight-minute epic, the middle section is a canon, with simple phrases layered to create a full-choral sound. The Mercury penned ballad, "Love of My Life", featured a harp and overdubbed vocal harmonies. The album was very successful in Britain, and went triple platinum in the United States. The British public voted it the 13th greatest album of all time in a 2004 Channel 4 poll. It has also ranked highly in international polls; in a worldwide Guinness poll, it was voted the 19th greatest of all time, while an ABC poll saw the Australian public vote it the 28th greatest of all time. A Night at the Opera has frequently appeared in "greatest albums" lists reflecting the opinions of critics. Among other accolades, it was ranked number 16 in Q magazine’s "The 50 Best British Albums Ever" in 2004, and number 11 in Rolling Stone's "The 100 Greatest Albums of All Time" as featured in their Mexican edition in 2004. It was also placed at number 230 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time" in 2003. A Night at the Opera is the third and final Queen album to be featured in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.
We realized we’d look odd trying to mime such a hugely complex thing on TV. It had to be presented in some other way.
The album also featured the hit single "Bohemian Rhapsody", which was number one in the UK for nine weeks. Mercury's close friend and advisor, Capital London radio DJ Kenny Everett, played a pivotal role in giving the single exposure. It is the third-best-selling single of all time in the UK, surpassed only by Band Aid's "Do They Know It's Christmas?" and Elton John's "Candle in the Wind 1997", and is the best-selling commercial single (i.e. not for-charity) in the UK. It also reached number nine in the United States (a 1992 re-release reached number two on the Billboard Hot 100 for five weeks). It is the only single ever to sell a million copies on two separate occasions, and became the Christmas number one twice in the UK, the only single ever to do so. "Bohemian Rhapsody" has also been voted the greatest song of all time in three different polls. The band decided to make a video to help go with the single and hired Trilion, a subsidiary of the former management company Trident Studios, using new technology to create the video; the result is generally considered to have been the first "true" music video ever produced, and popularised the medium. Although other bands, including the Beatles, had made short promotional films or videos of songs before, most of those were made to be aired on specific television shows. According to Brian May, the video was produced so that the band could avoid miming on the BBC’s Top of the Pops, since it would have looked strange miming to such a complex song. In addition, the band knew they would be set to appear at Dundee's Caird Hall on tour and would be unable to appear on Top of the Pops.
On the impact of the "Bohemian Rhapsody" promotional video, Rolling Stone states: "Its influence cannot be overstated, practically inventing the music video seven years before MTV went on the air." Ranking it number 31 on their list of the 50 key events in rock music history, The Guardian stated it ensured "videos would henceforth be a mandatory tool in the marketing of music". The first track on A Night at the Opera, "Death on Two Legs", is said to have been written by Mercury about Norman Sheffield (and the former management at Trident who helped make the video so popular) because the band was broke despite the success of the previous album. The second single from the album, "You're My Best Friend", the second song composed by John Deacon, and his first single, peaked at number sixteen in the United States and went on to become a worldwide top-ten hit. The band's A Night at the Opera Tour began in November 1975, and covered Europe, the United States, Japan, and Australia.
1976–1979: A Day at the Races to Live Killers
By 1976, Queen were back in the studio recording A Day at the Races, which is often regarded as a sequel album to A Night at the Opera. It again borrowed the name of a Marx Brothers movie, and its cover was similar to that of A Night at the Opera, a variation on the same Queen logo. The most recognisable of the Marx Brothers, Groucho Marx, invited Queen to visit him in his Los Angeles home in March 1977; there the band thanked him in person, and performed "'39" a cappella. Musically, A Day at the Races was by both fans' and critics' standards a strong effort, reaching number one in the UK and Japan, and number five in the US. The major hit on the album was "Somebody to Love", a gospel-inspired song in which Mercury, May, and Taylor multi-tracked their voices to create a 100-voice gospel choir. The song went to number two in the UK, and number thirteen in the US. The album also featured one of the band's heaviest songs, May's "Tie Your Mother Down", which became a staple of their live shows.
During 1976, Queen played one of their most famous gigs, a free concert in Hyde Park, London. A concert organised by the entrepreneur Richard Branson, it set an attendance record with 150,000 people confirmed in the audience. On 1 December 1976, Queen were the intended guests on London's early evening Today programme, but they pulled out at the last-minute, which saw their late replacement on the show, EMI labelmate the Sex Pistols, give their infamous expletive-strewn interview with Bill Grundy. During the A Day at the Races Tour in 1977, Queen performed sold-out shows at Madison Square Garden, New York, in February, and Earls Court, London, in June.
The band's sixth studio album News of the World was released in 1977, which has gone four times platinum in the United States, and twice in the UK. The album contained many songs tailor-made for live performance, including two of rock's most recognisable anthems, "We Will Rock You" and the rock ballad "We Are the Champions", both of which became enduring international sports anthems, and the latter reached number four in the US. Queen commenced the News of the World Tour in November 1977, and Robert Hilburn of the Los Angeles Times called this concert tour the band's "most spectacularly staged and finely honed show".
In 1978, the band released Jazz, which reached number two in the UK and number six on the Billboard 200 in the US. The album included the hit singles "Fat Bottomed Girls" and "Bicycle Race" on a double-sided record. Reviews of the album in recent years have been more favourable. Another notable track from Jazz, "Don't Stop Me Now", provides another example of the band's exuberant vocal harmonies.
In 1978, Queen toured the US and Canada, and spent much of 1979 touring in Europe and Japan. They released their first live album, Live Killers, in 1979; it went platinum twice in the US. Queen also released the very successful single "Crazy Little Thing Called Love", a rockabilly inspired song done in the style of Elvis Presley. The song made the top 10 in many countries, topped the Australian ARIA Charts for seven consecutive weeks, and was the band's first number one single in the United States where it topped the Billboard Hot 100 for four weeks. Having written the song on guitar and played rhythm on the record, Mercury played rhythm guitar while performing the song live, which was the first time he ever played guitar in concert. In December 1979, Queen played the opening night at the Concert for the People of Kampuchea in London, having accepted a request by the event's organiser Paul McCartney.
1980–1984: The Game to The Works
Queen began their 1980s career with The Game. It featured the singles "Crazy Little Thing Called Love" and "Another One Bites the Dust", both of which reached number one in the US. After attending a Queen concert in Los Angeles, Michael Jackson suggested to Mercury backstage that "Another One Bites the Dust" be released as a single, and in October 1980 it spent three weeks at number one. The album topped the Billboard 200 for five weeks, and sold over four million copies in the US. It was also the first appearance of a synthesiser on a Queen album. Heretofore, their albums featured a distinctive "No Synthesisers!" sleeve note. The note is widely assumed to reflect an anti-synth, pro-"hard"-rock stance by the band, but was later revealed by producer Roy Thomas Baker to be an attempt to clarify that those albums' multi-layered solos were created with guitars, not synths, as record company executives kept assuming at the time. In September 1980, Queen performed three sold-out shows at Madison Square Garden. In 1980, Queen also released the soundtrack they had recorded for Flash Gordon. At the 1981 American Music Awards in January, "Another One Bites the Dust" won the award for Favorite Pop/Rock Single, and Queen were nominated for Favorite Pop/Rock Band, Duo, or Group.
In February 1981, Queen travelled to South America as part of The Game Tour, and became the first major rock band to play in Latin American stadiums. The tour included five shows in Argentina, one of which drew the largest single concert crowd in Argentine history with an audience of 300,000 in Buenos Aires and two concerts at the Morumbi Stadium in São Paulo, Brazil, where they played to an audience of more than 131,000 people in the first night (then the largest paying audience for a single band anywhere in the world) and more than 120,000 people the following night. In October of the same year, Queen performed for more than 150,000 fans on 9 October at Monterrey (Estadio Universitario) and 17 and 18 at Puebla (Estadio Zaragoza), Mexico. On 24 and 25 November, Queen played two sell out nights at the Montreal Forum, Quebec, Canada. One of Mercury's most notable performances of The Game's final track, "Save Me", took place in Montreal, and the concert is recorded in the live album, Queen Rock Montreal.
—Brian May on the most turbulent period in the band during the early 1980s.
Queen worked with David Bowie on the single "Under Pressure". The first-time collaboration with another artist was spontaneous, as Bowie happened to drop by the studio while Queen were recording. Upon its release, the song was extremely successful, reaching number one in the UK and featuring at number 31 on VH1's 100 Greatest Songs of the '80s.
In October that year, Queen released their first compilation album, titled Greatest Hits, which showcased the group's highlights from 1974 to 1981. It is the best-selling album in UK Chart history, and has spent 450 weeks in the UK Album Chart. The album is certified eight times platinum in the United States, and has sold over 25 million copies worldwide. Taylor became the first member of the band to release his own solo album in 1981, titled Fun in Space.
In 1982, the band released the album Hot Space, a departure from their trademark seventies sound, this time being a mixture of rock, pop rock, dance, funk, and R&B. Most of the album was recorded in Munich during the most turbulent period in the band's history, and Taylor and May lamented the new sound, with both being very critical of the influence Mercury's personal manager Paul Prenter had on the singer. May was also scathing of Prenter, who was Mercury's manager from the early 1980s to 1984, for being dismissive of the importance of radio stations, such as the US networks, and their vital connection between the artist and the community, and for denying them access to Mercury. Q magazine would list Hot Space as one of the top fifteen albums where great rock acts lost the plot. On 14 and 15 September 1982, the band performed their last two gigs in the US with Mercury on lead vocals, playing at The Forum in Inglewood, California. The band stopped touring North America after their Hot Space Tour, as their success there had waned, although they would perform on American television for the only time during the eighth-season premiere of Saturday Night Live on 25 September of the same year; it became the final public performance of the band in North America before the death of their frontman. Queen left Elektra Records, their label in the US, Canada, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand, and signed onto EMI/Capitol Records.
After working steadily for over ten years, Queen decided that they would not perform any live shows in 1983. During this time, they recorded a new album at the Record Plant Studios, Los Angeles and Musicland Studios, Munich, and several members of the band explored side projects and solo work. Taylor released his second solo album, Strange Frontier. May released the mini-album Star Fleet Project, collaborating with Eddie Van Halen.
In February 1984, Queen released their eleventh studio album, The Works, which included the successful singles "Radio Ga Ga", "Hammer to Fall" and "I Want to Break Free". Despite these hit singles, the album failed to do well in the US, where the cross-dressing video for "I Want to Break Free" – a parody of the British soap opera Coronation Street – proved controversial and was banned by MTV, while in the UK it went triple platinum and remained in the albums chart for two years. The concept of the video came from Roger Taylor, who stated to Q magazine: "We had done some really serious, epic videos in the past, and we just thought we'd have some fun. We wanted people to know that we didn't take ourselves too seriously, that we could still laugh at ourselves. I think we proved that."
That year, Queen began The Works Tour, the first tour to feature keyboardist Spike Edney as an extra live musician. The tour featured nine sold-out dates in October in Bophuthatswana, South Africa, at the arena in Sun City. Upon returning to England, they were the subject of outrage, having played in South Africa during the height of apartheid and in violation of worldwide divestment efforts and a United Nations cultural boycott. The band responded to the critics by stating that they were playing music for fans in South Africa, and they also stressed that the concerts were played before integrated audiences. Queen donated to a school for the deaf and blind as a philanthropic gesture but were fined by the British Musicians' Union and placed on the United Nations' blacklisted artists.
1985–1988: Live Aid and tours
In January 1985, Queen headlined two nights of the first Rock in Rio festival at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and played in front of over 300,000 people each night. The Boston Globe described it as a "mesmerising performance". Highlights from both nights were released on VHS as Queen: Live in Rio, and was broadcast on MTV in the US. In April and May 1985, Queen completed the Works Tour with sold-out shows in Australia and Japan.
At Live Aid, held at Wembley on 13 July 1985, in front of the biggest-ever TV audience of 1.9 billion, Queen performed some of their greatest hits. The sold-out stadium audience of 72,000 people clapped, sang, and swayed in unison. The show's organisers Bob Geldof and Midge Ure, other musicians such as Elton John, Cliff Richard and Dave Grohl, and journalists writing for the BBC, CNN, Rolling Stone, MTV, The Telegraph among others, described Queen as the highlight. An industry poll in 2005 ranked it the greatest rock performance of all time. Mercury's powerful, sustained note during the a cappella section came to be known as "The Note Heard Round the World". The band were revitalised by the response to Live Aid – a “shot in the arm” Roger Taylor called it – and the ensuing increase in record sales.
Queen ended 1985 by releasing the single "One Vision" and a limited-edition boxed set of Queen albums, The Complete Works. The package included the 1984 Christmas single "Thank God It's Christmas" and previously unreleased material. In early 1986, Queen recorded the album A Kind of Magic, containing several reworkings of songs written for the fantasy action film Highlander. The album was successful in the UK and many other countries, producing a string of hits including "A Kind of Magic", "One Vision", "Friends Will Be Friends", "Princes of the Universe" and "Who Wants to Live Forever". In the US the album only peaked at number 46, and it was described by biographer Mark Blake as "a so-so album" and "a somewhat uneven listening experience".
In mid-1986, Queen went on the Magic Tour, their final tour with Freddie Mercury. They once again hired Spike Edney. The Magic Tour's highlight was at Wembley Stadium in London and resulted in the live double album Queen at Wembley, released on CD and as a live concert VHS/DVD, which has gone five times platinum in the US and four times platinum in the UK. Queen could not book Wembley for a third night, but played at Knebworth Park. The show sold out within two hours and over 120,000 fans packed the park for what was Queen's final performance with Mercury. Queen began the tour at the Råsunda Stadium in Stockholm, Sweden, and during the tour the band performed a concert at Slane Castle, Ireland, in front of an audience of 95,000, which broke the venue's attendance record. The band also played behind the Iron Curtain when they performed to a crowd of 80,000 at the Népstadion in Budapest, in what was one of the biggest rock concerts ever held in Eastern Europe. More than one million people saw Queen on the tour—400,000 in the UK alone, a record at the time.
After working on various solo projects during 1988 (including Mercury's collaboration with Montserrat Caballé, Barcelona), the band released The Miracle in 1989. The album continued the direction of A Kind of Magic, using a pop-rock sound mixed with a few heavy numbers. It spawned the European hits "I Want It All", "Breakthru", "The Invisible Man", "Scandal", and "The Miracle". The Miracle also began a change in direction of Queen's songwriting philosophy. Beforehand, nearly all songs had been written by and credited to a single member. With The Miracle, their songwriting became more collaborative, and they vowed to credit the final product only to Queen as a group.
1988–1992: Mercury's final years
After fans noticed Mercury's increasingly gaunt appearance in 1988, the media reported that Mercury was seriously ill, with AIDS frequently mentioned as a likely illness. Mercury denied this, insisting he was merely "exhausted" and too busy to provide interviews; he was now 42 years old and had been involved in music for nearly two decades. Mercury had in fact been diagnosed as HIV positive in 1987, but did not make his illness public, with only his inner circle of colleagues and friends aware of his condition.
The band continued recording albums, starting with The Miracle (1989) and continuing with Innuendo (1991). In 1990, Queen ended their contract with Capitol and signed with Hollywood Records; through the deal, Disney acquired the North American distribution rights to Queen's catalogue for $10 million, and remains the group's music catalogue owner and distributor in the United States and Canada. In February that year, Mercury made his final public appearance when he joined the rest of Queen to collect the Brit Award for Outstanding Contribution to British Music. Throughout 1990, media reports persisted that Mercury was seriously ill, but he continued to deny them.
Innuendo was released in early 1991 with an eponymous number 1 UK hit and other charting singles released later in the year, which included "The Show Must Go On". This song, released as a forerunner to Greatest Hits II, featured archive footage of Queen's performances between 1981 and 1989, and along with the manner of its lyrics, fuelled reports that Mercury was dying. Mercury was increasingly ill and could barely walk when the band recorded "The Show Must Go On" in 1990. Because of this, May had concerns about whether he was physically capable of singing it, but May recalled that he "completely killed it". The rest of the band were ready to record when Mercury felt able to come into the studio, for an hour or two at a time. May says of Mercury: "He just kept saying. 'Write me more. Write me stuff. I want to just sing this and do it and when I am gone you can finish it off.' He had no fear, really." The band's second greatest hits compilation, Greatest Hits II, followed in October 1991; it is the tenth-bestselling album in the UK and has sold 16 million copies worldwide.
On 23 November 1991, in a prepared statement made on his deathbed, Mercury confirmed that he had AIDS. Within 24 hours of the statement, he died of bronchial pneumonia, which was brought on as a complication of AIDS. His funeral service on 27 November in Kensal Green, West London was private, and held in accordance with the Zoroastrian religious faith of his family. "Bohemian Rhapsody" was re-released as a single shortly after Mercury's death, with "These Are the Days of Our Lives" as the double A-side. The music video for "These Are the Days of Our Lives" contains Mercury's final scenes in front of the camera. This track had featured at the beginning of the year on the Innuendo album, and the video for it was recorded in May 1991 (which proved to be Mercury's final work with Queen). The single went to number one in the UK, remaining there for five weeks – the only recording to top the Christmas chart twice and the only one to be number one in four different years (1975, 1976, 1991, and 1992). Initial proceeds from the single – approximately £1,000,000 – were donated to the Terrence Higgins Trust, an AIDS charity.
Queen's popularity was stimulated in North America when "Bohemian Rhapsody" was featured in the 1992 comedy film Wayne's World. Its inclusion helped the song reach number two on the Billboard Hot 100 for five weeks in 1992 (including its 1976 chart run, it remained in the Hot 100 for a combined 41 weeks), and won the band an MTV Award at the 1992 MTV Video Music Awards. The compilation album Classic Queen also reached number four on the Billboard 200, and is certified three times platinum in the US. Wayne's World footage was used to make a new music video for "Bohemian Rhapsody", with which the band and management were delighted.
On 20 April 1992, The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert was held at London's Wembley Stadium to a 72,000-strong crowd. Performers, including Def Leppard, Robert Plant, Tony Iommi, Roger Daltrey, Guns N' Roses, Elton John, David Bowie, George Michael, Annie Lennox, Seal, Extreme, and Metallica performed various Queen songs along with the three remaining Queen members (and Spike Edney.) The concert is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as "The largest rock star benefit concert", as it was televised to over 1.2 billion viewers worldwide, and raised over £20,000,000 for AIDS charities.
1995–2003: Made in Heaven to 46664 Concert
Queen's last album with Mercury, titled Made in Heaven, was released in 1995, four years after his death. Featuring tracks such as "Too Much Love Will Kill You" and "Heaven for Everyone", it was constructed from Mercury's final recordings in 1991, material left over from their previous studio albums and re-worked material from May, Taylor, and Mercury's solo albums. The album also featured the song "Mother Love", the last vocal recording Mercury made, which he completed using a drum machine, over which May, Taylor and Deacon later added the instrumental track. After completing the penultimate verse, Mercury had told the band he "wasn't feeling that great" and stated, "I will finish it when I come back, next time". Mercury never returned to the studio afterwards, leaving May to record the final verse of the song. Both stages of recording, before and after Mercury's death, were completed at the band's studio in Montreux, Switzerland. The album reached number one in the UK following its release, their ninth number one album, and sold 20 million copies worldwide. On 25 November 1996, a statue of Mercury was unveiled in Montreux overlooking Lake Geneva, almost five years to the day since his death.
In 1997, Queen returned to the studio to record "No-One but You (Only the Good Die Young)", a song dedicated to Mercury and all those who die too soon. It was released as a bonus track on the Queen Rocks compilation album later that year. In January 1997, Queen performed "The Show Must Go On" live with Elton John and the Béjart Ballet in Paris on a night Mercury was remembered, and it marked the last performance and public appearance of John Deacon, who chose to retire. The Paris concert was only the second time Queen had played live since Mercury's death, prompting Elton John to urge them to perform again. Brian May and Roger Taylor performed together at several award ceremonies and charity concerts, sharing vocals with various guest singers. During this time, they were billed as Queen + followed by the guest singer's name. In 1998, the duo appeared at Luciano Pavarotti's benefit concert with May performing "Too Much Love Will Kill You" with Pavarotti, later playing "Radio Ga Ga", "We Will Rock You", and "We Are the Champions" with Zucchero. They again attended and performed at Pavarotti's benefit concert in Modena, Italy in May 2003. Several of the guest singers recorded new versions of Queen's hits under the Queen + name, such as Robbie Williams providing vocals for "We Are the Champions" for the soundtrack of A Knight's Tale (2001).
In 1999, a Greatest Hits III album was released. This featured, among others, "Queen + Wyclef Jean" on a rap version of "Another One Bites the Dust". A live version of "Somebody to Love" by George Michael and a live version of "The Show Must Go On" with Elton John were also featured in the album. By this point, Queen's vast amount of record sales made them the second-bestselling artist in the UK of all time, behind the Beatles. On 18 October 2002, Queen were awarded the 2,207th star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, for their work in the music industry, which is located at 6358 Hollywood Blvd. On 29 November 2003, May and Taylor performed at the 46664 Concert hosted by Nelson Mandela at Green Point Stadium, Cape Town, to raise awareness of the spread of HIV/AIDS in South Africa. A new song, "Invincible Hope", featuring Mandela's speech and credited to Queen + Nelson Mandela, was performed during the concert and later released on the 46664: One Year On EP. During that period May and Taylor spent time at Mandela's home, discussing how Africa's problems might be approached, and two years later the band were made ambassadors for the 46664 cause.
2004–2009: Queen + Paul Rodgers
At the end of 2004, May and Taylor announced that they would reunite and return to touring in 2005 with Paul Rodgers (founder and former lead singer of Free and Bad Company). Brian May's website also stated that Rodgers would be "featured with" Queen as "Queen + Paul Rodgers", not replacing Mercury. Deacon, who was retired, did not participate. In November 2004, Queen were among the inaugural inductees into the UK Music Hall of Fame, and the award ceremony was the first event at which Rodgers joined May and Taylor as vocalist.
Between 2005 and 2006, Queen + Paul Rodgers embarked on a world tour, which was the first time Queen toured since their last tour with Freddie Mercury in 1986. Taylor said: "We never thought we would tour again, Paul came along by chance and we seemed to have a chemistry. Paul is just such a great singer. He's not trying to be Freddie." The first leg was in Europe, the second in Japan, and the third in the US in 2006. Queen received the inaugural VH1 Rock Honors at the Mandalay Bay Events Center in Las Vegas, Nevada, on 25 May 2006. Foo Fighters paid homage, performing "Tie Your Mother Down" to open the ceremony before being joined on stage by May, Taylor, and Rodgers, who played a selection of Queen hits.
On 15 August 2006, May confirmed through his website and fan club that Queen + Paul Rodgers would begin producing their first studio album beginning in October, to be recorded at a "secret location". Queen + Paul Rodgers performed at the Nelson Mandela 90th Birthday Tribute held in Hyde Park, London on 27 June 2008, to commemorate Mandela's ninetieth birthday, and again promote awareness of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. The first Queen + Paul Rodgers album, titled The Cosmos Rocks, was released in Europe on 12 September 2008 and in the United States on 28 October 2008. Following the release of the album, the band again went on a tour through Europe, opening on Kharkiv's Freedom Square in front of 350,000 Ukrainian fans. The Kharkiv concert was later released on DVD. The tour then moved to Russia, and the band performed two sold-out shows at the Moscow Arena. Having completed the first leg of its extensive European tour, which saw the band play 15 sold-out dates across nine countries, the UK leg of the tour sold out within 90 minutes of going on sale and included three London dates, the first of which was the O2 Arena on 13 October. The last leg of the tour took place in South America, and included a sold-out concert at the Estadio José Amalfitani, Buenos Aires.
Queen and Paul Rodgers officially split up without animosity on 12 May 2009. Rodgers stated: "My arrangement with [Queen] was similar to my arrangement with Jimmy [Page] in The Firm in that it was never meant to be a permanent arrangement". Rodgers did not rule out the possibility of working with Queen again.
2009–2011: Departure from EMI, 40th anniversary
On 20 May 2009, May and Taylor performed "We Are the Champions" live on the season finale of American Idol with winner Kris Allen and runner-up Adam Lambert providing a vocal duet. In mid-2009, after the split of Queen + Paul Rodgers, the Queen online website announced a new greatest hits compilation named Absolute Greatest. The album was released on 16 November and peaked at number 3 in the official UK Chart. The album contains 20 of Queen's biggest hits spanning their entire career and was released in four different formats: single disc, double disc (with commentary), double disc with feature book, and a vinyl record. Before its release, Queen ran an online competition to guess the track listing as a promotion for the album. On 30 October 2009, May wrote a fanclub letter on his website stating that Queen had no intentions to tour in 2010 but that there was a possibility of a performance. On 15 November 2009, May and Taylor performed "Bohemian Rhapsody" live on the British TV show The X Factor alongside the finalists.
On 7 May 2010, May and Taylor announced that they were quitting their record label, EMI, after almost 40 years. On 20 August 2010, Queen's manager Jim Beach put out a Newsletter stating that the band had signed a new contract with Universal Music. During an interview for HARDtalk on the BBC on 22 September, May confirmed that the band's new deal was with Island Records, a subsidiary of Universal Music Group. Hollywood Records remained as the group's label in the United States and Canada, however. As such, for the first time since the late 1980s, Queen's catalogue now has the same distributor worldwide, as Universal distributes for both the Island and Hollywood labels (for a time in the late 1980s, Queen was on EMI-owned Capitol Records in the US).
On 14 March 2011, which marked the band's 40th anniversary, Queen's first five albums were re-released in the UK and some other territories as remastered deluxe editions (the US versions were released on 17 May). The second five albums of Queen's back catalogue were released worldwide on 27 June, with the exception of the US and Canada (27 September). The final five were released in the UK on 5 September.
In May 2011, Jane's Addiction vocalist Perry Farrell noted that Queen are currently scouting their once former and current live bassist Chris Chaney to join the band. Farrell stated: "I have to keep Chris away from Queen, who want him and they're not gonna get him unless we're not doing anything. Then they can have him." In the same month, Paul Rodgers stated he may tour with Queen again in the near future. At the 2011 Broadcast Music, Incorporated (BMI) Awards held in London on 4 October, Queen received the BMI Icon Award in recognition for their airplay success in the US. At the 2011 MTV Europe Music Awards on 6 November, Queen received the Global Icon Award, which Katy Perry presented to Brian May. Queen closed the awards ceremony, with Adam Lambert on vocals, performing "The Show Must Go On", "We Will Rock You" and "We Are the Champions". The collaboration garnered a positive response from both fans and critics, resulting in speculation about future projects together.
2011–present: Queen + Adam Lambert, Queen Forever
On 25 and 26 April, May and Taylor appeared on the eleventh series of American Idol at the Nokia Theatre, Los Angeles, performing a Queen medley with the six finalists on the first show, and the following day performed "Somebody to Love" with the 'Queen Extravaganza' band. Queen were scheduled to headline Sonisphere at Knebworth on 7 July 2012 with Adam Lambert before the festival was cancelled. Queen's final concert with Freddie Mercury was in Knebworth in 1986. Brian May commented, "It's a worthy challenge for us, and I'm sure Adam would meet with Freddie's approval." Queen expressed disappointment at the cancellation and released a statement to the effect that they were looking to find another venue. Queen + Adam Lambert played two shows at the Hammersmith Apollo, London on 11 and 12 July 2012. Both shows sold out within 24 hours of tickets going on open sale. A third London date was scheduled for 14 July. On 30 June, Queen + Lambert performed in Kiev, Ukraine at a joint concert with Elton John for the Elena Pinchuk ANTIAIDS Foundation. Queen also performed with Lambert on 3 July 2012 at Moscow's Olympic Stadium, and on 7 July 2012 at the Municipal Stadium in Wroclaw, Poland.
On 12 August 2012, Queen performed at the closing ceremony of the 2012 Summer Olympics in London. The performance at London's Olympic Stadium opened with a special remastered video clip of Mercury on stage performing his call and response routine during their 1986 concert at Wembley Stadium. Following this, May performed part of the "Brighton Rock" solo before being joined by Taylor and solo artist Jessie J for a performance of "We Will Rock You".
On 20 September 2013, Queen + Adam Lambert performed at the iHeartRadio Music Festival at the MGM Grand Hotel & Casino in Las Vegas. Queen + Adam Lambert toured North America in Summer 2014 and Australia and New Zealand in August/September 2014. In an interview with Rolling Stone, May and Taylor said that although the tour with Lambert is a limited thing, they are open to him becoming an official member, and cutting new material with him.
In November 2014 Queen released a new album Queen Forever. The album is largely a compilation of previously-released material but features three new Queen tracks featuring vocals from Mercury with backing added by the surviving members of Queen. One new track, "There Must Be More To Life Than This", is a duet between Mercury and Michael Jackson. Queen + Adam Lambert performed in the shadow of Big Ben in Central Hall, Westminster, central London at the Big Ben New Year concert on New Year's Eve 2014 and New Year's Day 2015.
In 2016, the group embarked across Europe and Asia on the Queen + Adam Lambert 2016 Summer Festival Tour. This included closing the Isle of Wight Festival in England on 12 June where they performed "Who Wants to Live Forever" as a tribute to the victims of the mass shooting at a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida earlier that day. On 12 September they performed at the Park Hayarkon in Tel-Aviv, Israel for the first time in front of 58,000 people. As part of the Queen + Adam Lambert Tour 2017–2018, the band toured North America in the summer of 2017, toured Europe in late 2017, before playing dates in Australia and New Zealand in February and March 2018. On 24 February 2019, Queen + Adam Lambert opened the 91st Academy Awards ceremony held at the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles. They will perform in North America during The Rhapsody Tour in July and August 2019.
Music style and influences
Queen drew artistic influence from British rock acts of the 1960s and early 1970s, such as the Beatles, the Kinks, Cream, Led Zeppelin, Pink Floyd, the Who, Black Sabbath, Slade, Deep Purple, David Bowie, Genesis and Yes, in addition to American guitarist Jimi Hendrix, with Mercury also inspired by the gospel singer Aretha Franklin. May referred to the Beatles as being "our bible in the way they used the studio and they painted pictures and this wonderful instinctive use of harmonies." At their outset in the early 1970s, Queen's music has been characterised as "Led Zeppelin meets Yes" due to its combination of "acoustic/electric guitar extremes and fantasy-inspired multi-part song epics". In his book, Essential Hard Rock and Heavy Metal, Eddie Trunk described Queen as "a hard rock band at the core but one with a high level of majesty and theatricality that delivered a little something for everyone", as well as observing that the band "sounded British".
Queen composed music that drew inspiration from many different genres of music, often with a tongue-in-cheek attitude. The music styles and genres they have been associated with include progressive rock, symphonic rock, art rock, glam rock, arena rock, heavy metal, pop rock, psychedelic rock, baroque pop, and rockabilly. Queen also wrote songs that were inspired by diverse musical styles which are not typically associated with rock groups, such as opera, music hall, folk music, gospel, ragtime, and dance/disco. Their 1980 single "Another One Bites the Dust" became a major hit single in the funk rock genre. Several Queen songs were written with audience participation in mind, such as "We Will Rock You" and "We Are the Champions". Similarly, "Radio Ga Ga" became a live favourite because it would have "crowds clapping like they were at a Nuremberg rally".
In 1963, the teenage Brian May and his father custom-built his signature guitar Red Special, which was purposely designed to feedback. May has used Vox AC30 amplifiers almost exclusively since a meeting with his long-time hero Rory Gallagher at a gig in London during the late 1960s/early 1970s. Sonic experimentation figured heavily in Queen's songs. A distinctive characteristic of Queen's music are the vocal harmonies which are usually composed of the voices of May, Mercury, and Taylor best heard on the studio albums A Night at the Opera and A Day at the Races. Some of the ground work for the development of this sound can be attributed to the producer Roy Thomas Baker and engineer Mike Stone. Besides vocal harmonies, Queen were also known for multi-tracking voices to imitate the sound of a large choir through overdubs. For instance, according to Brian May, there are over 180 vocal overdubs in "Bohemian Rhapsody". The band's vocal structures have been compared with the Beach Boys, but May stated they were not "much of an influence".
Directed by Bruce Gowers, the groundbreaking “Bohemian Rhapsody” promotional video sees the band adopt a “decadent 'glam' sensibility". Replicating Mick Rock’s photograph of the band from the cover of Queen II – which itself was inspired by a photo of actress Marlene Dietrich from Shanghai Express (1932) – the video opens with "Queen standing in diamond formation, heads tilted back like Easter Island statues" in near darkness as they sing the a cappella part. David Mallet directed a number of their subsequent music videos, some of which use footage from classic films: "Under Pressure" incorporates 1920s silent films, Sergei Eisenstein's Battleship Potemkin and F. W. Murnau's Nosferatu, the 1984 video for "Radio Ga Ga" includes footage from Fritz Lang's Metropolis (1927), while the 1995 video "Heaven for Everyone" shows footage from Georges Méliès' A Trip to the Moon (1902) and The Impossible Voyage (1904). The first part of Mallet's music video for "I Want to Break Free" spoofed the popular long-running British soap opera Coronation Street. The music video for "Innuendo" combines stop motion animation with rotoscoping and band members appear as illustrations and images taken from earlier Queen music videos on a cinema screen in the same manner as in the British film Nineteen Eighty-Four.
In 2002, Queen's "Bohemian Rhapsody" was voted "the UK's favourite hit of all time" in a poll conducted by the Guinness World Records British Hit Singles Book. In 2004, the song was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame. Many scholars consider the "Bohemian Rhapsody" music video ground-breaking, crediting it with popularising the medium. Rock historian Paul Fowles stated that the song is "widely credited as the first global hit single for which an accompanying video was central to the marketing strategy". It has been hailed as launching the MTV age. In December 2018, "Bohemian Rhapsody" became the most-streamed song from the 20th century, and the most-streamed classic rock song of all time. The number of downloads of the song and original video exceeded 1.6 billion across global on-demand streaming services. Acclaimed for their stadium rock, in 2005 an industry poll ranked Queen's performance at Live Aid in 1985 as the best live act in history. In 2007, they were also voted the greatest British band in history by BBC Radio 2 listeners.
As of 2005, according to the Guinness Book of World Records, Queen albums have spent a total of 1,322 weeks (twenty-six years) on the UK Album Charts, more time than any other act. Also in 2005, with the release of their live album with Paul Rodgers, Queen moved into third place on the list of acts with the most aggregate time spent on the British record charts. In 2006, the Greatest Hits album was the all-time best-selling album in UK Chart history, with sales of 5,407,587 copies, over 604,295 more copies than its nearest competitor, the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. Their Greatest Hits II album is the tenth best seller, with sales of 3,746,404 copies.
The band have released a total of eighteen number one albums, eighteen number one singles, and ten number one DVDs worldwide, making them one of the world's best-selling music artists. Queen have sold over 170 million records, with some estimates in excess of 300 million records worldwide, including 34.5 million albums in the US as of 2004. Inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2001, the band is the only group in which every member has composed more than one chart-topping single, and all four members were inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2003. In 2009, "We Will Rock You" and "We Are the Champions" were inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame, and the latter was voted the world's favourite song in a 2005 Sony Ericsson global music poll. The band received Ivor Novello Awards for Outstanding Contribution to British Music, in 1987, and Outstanding Song Collection, in 2005, from the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers, and Authors. In 2018 they were presented the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.
Queen are one of the most bootlegged bands ever, according to Nick Weymouth, who manages the band's official website. A 2001 survey discovered the existence of 12,225 websites dedicated to Queen bootlegs, the highest number for any band. Bootleg recordings have contributed to the band's popularity in certain countries where Western music is censored, such as Iran. In a project called Queen: The Top 100 Bootlegs, many of these have been made officially available to download for a nominal fee from Queen's website, with profits going to the Mercury Phoenix Trust. Rolling Stone ranked Queen at number 52 on its list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time", while ranking Mercury the 18th greatest singer, and May the twenty-sixth greatest guitarist. Rolling Stone readers voted Mercury the second greatest frontman. Queen were named 13th on VH1's 100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock list, and in 2010 were ranked 17th on VH1's 100 Greatest Artists of All Time list. In 2012, Gigwise readers named Queen the best band of the past 60 years. Eddie Trunk argued that Queen's importance, in common with Thin Lizzy and Deep Purple, was "not as fully recognized" in the United States because elsewhere they "often played to much bigger crowds in stadium venues". Queen had stopped touring the US in 1982 as their success there had started to wane, but they remained a touring "juggernaut", filling stadiums and arenas internationally in the 1980s until their final tour (with Mercury) in 1986.
Queen have been credited with making a significant contribution to genres such as hard rock and heavy metal. The band have been cited as an influence by many other musicians. Moreover, like their music, the bands and artists that have claimed to be influenced by Queen or have expressed admiration for them are diverse, spanning different generations, countries, and genres, including heavy metal: Judas Priest, Iron Maiden, Metallica, Dream Theater, Trivium, Megadeth, Anthrax, Faith No More, Melvins, Slipknot and Rage Against the Machine; hard rock: Guns N' Roses, Def Leppard, Van Halen, Mötley Crüe, Steve Vai, the Cult, the Darkness, Kid Rock and Foo Fighters; alternative rock: Nirvana, Radiohead, Trent Reznor, Muse, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Jane's Addiction, the Flaming Lips, and The Smashing Pumpkins; shock rock: Marilyn Manson; pop rock: Meat Loaf, The Killers, My Chemical Romance, Fall Out Boy and Panic! at the Disco; and pop: Michael Jackson, George Michael, Robbie Williams, Adele, Lady Gaga, Katy Perry, Kesha, Grimes, and Psy.
In the early 1970s, Queen helped spur the heavy metal genre's evolution by discarding much of its blues influence. Queen's 1974 song "Stone Cold Crazy" has been cited as a precursor of speed metal. Metallica recorded a cover version of "Stone Cold Crazy", which first appeared on the Rubáiyát: Elektra's 40th Anniversary album in 1990, and won their second Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance in 1991. Thom Yorke of Radiohead received his first guitar at 7 years old, encouraged after seeing Brian May in a broadcast of a Queen concert. At 10 years old, Yorke made his own homemade guitar, trying to imitate what May had done with his Red Special, but he was not satisfied with the result. Subsequently, Queen was one of the first influences in the music of Radiohead.
In other media
In May 2002, a musical or "rock theatrical" based on the songs of Queen, titled We Will Rock You, opened at the Dominion Theatre on London's West End. The musical was written by British comedian and author Ben Elton in collaboration with Brian May and Roger Taylor, and produced by Robert De Niro. It has since been staged in many cities around the world. The launch of the musical coincided with Queen Elizabeth II's Golden Jubilee. As part of the Jubilee celebrations, Brian May performed a guitar solo of "God Save the Queen", as featured on Queen's A Night at the Opera, from the roof of Buckingham Palace. The recording of this performance was used as video for the song on the 30th Anniversary DVD edition of A Night at the Opera. Following the Las Vegas premiere on 8 September 2004, Queen were inducted into the Hollywood RockWalk in Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles.
The original London production was scheduled to close on Saturday, 7 October 2006, at the Dominion Theatre, but due to public demand, the show ran until May 2014. We Will Rock You has become the longest running musical ever to run at this prime London theatre, overtaking the previous record holder, the musical Grease. Brian May stated in 2008 that they were considering writing a sequel to We Will Rock You. The musical toured around the UK in 2009, playing at Manchester Palace Theatre, Sunderland Empire, Birmingham Hippodrome, Bristol Hippodrome, and Edinburgh Playhouse.
Sean Bovim created "Queen at the Ballet", a tribute to Mercury, which uses Queen's music as a soundtrack for the show's dancers, who interpret the stories behind tracks such as "Bohemian Rhapsody", "Radio Ga Ga", and "Killer Queen". Queen's music also appears in the Off-Broadway production Power Balladz, most notably the song "We Are the Champions", with the show's two performers believing the song was "the apex of artistic achievement in its day".
In conjunction with Electronic Arts, Queen released the computer game Queen: The eYe in 1998. The music itself—tracks from Queen's vast catalogue, in many cases remixed into new instrumental versions—was by and large well received, but the game experience was hampered by poor gameplay. Adding to the problem was an extremely long development time, resulting in graphic elements that already seemed outdated by the time of release.
Under the supervision of May and Taylor, numerous restoration projects have been under way involving Queen's lengthy audio and video catalogue. DVD releases of their 1986 Wembley concert (titled Live at Wembley Stadium), 1982 Milton Keynes concert (Queen on Fire – Live at the Bowl), and two Greatest Video Hits (Volumes 1 and 2, spanning the 1970s and 1980s) have seen the band's music remixed into 5.1 and DTS surround sound. So far, only two of the band's albums, A Night at the Opera and The Game, have been fully remixed into high-resolution multichannel surround on DVD-Audio. A Night at the Opera was re-released with some revised 5.1 mixes and accompanying videos in 2005 for the 30th anniversary of the album's original release (CD+DVD-Video set). In 2007, a Blu-ray edition of Queen's previously released concerts, Queen Rock Montreal & Live Aid, was released, marking their first project in 1080p HD.
Queen have been featured multiple times in the Guitar Hero franchise: a cover of "Killer Queen" in the original Guitar Hero, "We Are The Champions", "Fat Bottomed Girls", and the Paul Rodgers collaboration "C-lebrity" in a track pack for Guitar Hero World Tour, "Under Pressure" with David Bowie in Guitar Hero 5, "I Want It All" in Guitar Hero: Van Halen, "Stone Cold Crazy" in Guitar Hero: Metallica, and "Bohemian Rhapsody" in Guitar Hero: Warriors of Rock. On 13 October 2009, Brian May revealed there was "talk" going on "behind the scenes" about a dedicated Queen Rock Band game.
Queen have also been featured multiple times in the Rock Band franchise: a track pack of 10 songs which are compatible with Rock Band, Rock Band 2, and Rock Band 3 (three of those are also compatible with Lego Rock Band). Their hit "Bohemian Rhapsody" was featured in Rock Band 3 with full harmony and keys support. The band also appeared in the video game Lego Rock Band as playable Lego avatars.
In March 2009, Sony Computer Entertainment released a Queen branded version of the company's karaoke franchise, SingStar. The game, which is available on PlayStation 2 and PlayStation 3, is titled SingStar Queen and has 25 songs on the PS3 and 20 on the PS2. "We Will Rock You" and other songs by Queen also appear in DJ Hero.
"One Vision" was featured on the successful video game Grand Theft Auto IV on the fictional radio station Liberty Rock Radio 97.8, while "Radio Ga Ga" features on Grand Theft Auto V character trailer for Michael and the game's soundtrack.
Film and television
The soundtrack for the film Flash Gordon (1980) was by Queen. The band also contributed music to Highlander (the original 1986 film), with "A Kind of Magic", "One Year of Love", "Who Wants to Live Forever", "Hammer to Fall", and the theme "Princes of the Universe", which was also used as the theme of the Highlander TV series (1992–1998). In the United States, "Bohemian Rhapsody" was re-released as a single in 1992 after appearing in the comedy film Wayne's World. The single subsequently reached number two on the Billboard Hot 100 (with "The Show Must Go On" as the first track on the single) and helped rekindle the band's popularity in North America.
Several films have featured their songs performed by other artists. A version of "Somebody to Love" by Anne Hathaway was in the 2004 film Ella Enchanted. In 2006, Brittany Murphy also recorded a cover of the same song for the 2006 film Happy Feet. In 2001, a version of "The Show Must Go On" was performed by Jim Broadbent and Nicole Kidman in the film musical Moulin Rouge!. The 2001 film A Knight's Tale has a version of "We Are the Champions" performed by Robbie Williams and Queen; the film also features "We Will Rock You" played by the medieval audience.
"I Was Born to Love You" was used as the theme song of the Japanese television drama Pride on Fuji Television in 2004, starring Takuya Kimura and Yūko Takeuchi. The show's soundtrack also contained other songs by Queen. "Don't Stop Me Now" has featured in the BBC television show Top Gear, and in 2005 the song was voted as "The Greatest Driving Song Ever" by the series' viewers.
Keeping in a tradition of naming each season's episodes after songs by 1970s rock bands, the eighth and final season of That '70s Show had episodes named after Queen songs. "Bohemian Rhapsody" served as the season premiere. The Simpsons has made storylines which have featured Queen songs such as "We Will Rock You", "We Are the Champions" (both sung by Homer), and "You're My Best Friend".
On 11 April 2006, Brian May and Roger Taylor appeared on the American singing contest television show American Idol. Each contestant was required to sing a Queen song during that week of the competition. Songs which appeared on the show included "Bohemian Rhapsody", "Fat Bottomed Girls", "The Show Must Go On", "Who Wants to Live Forever", and "Innuendo". Brian May later criticised the show for editing specific scenes, one of which made the group's time with contestant Ace Young look negative, despite it being the opposite. Taylor and May again appeared on the American Idol season 8 finale in May 2009, performing "We Are the Champions" with finalists Adam Lambert and Kris Allen. On 15 November 2009, Brian May and Roger Taylor appeared on the singing contest television show The X Factor in the UK.
In the autumn of 2009, Glee featured the fictional high school's show choir singing "Somebody to Love" as their second act performance in the episode "The Rhodes Not Taken". The performance was included on the show's Volume 1 soundtrack CD. In June 2010, the choir performed "Another One Bites the Dust" in the episode "Funk". The following week's episode, "Journey to Regionals", features a rival choir performing "Bohemian Rhapsody" in its entirety. The song was featured on the episode's EP. In May 2012, the choir performed "We Are the Champions" in the episode "Nationals", and the song features in The Graduation Album.
- Bohemian Rhapsody
In a September 2010 BBC interview, Brian May announced in that Sacha Baron Cohen was to play Mercury in a biographical film about the band. Time commented with approval on his singing ability and visual similarity to Mercury. However, in July 2013, Baron Cohen dropped out of the role due to "creative differences" between him and the surviving band members. In December 2013, it was announced that Ben Whishaw, known for playing Q in the James Bond film Skyfall, was a possible replacement for Baron Cohen in the role of Mercury, but Whishaw pulled out a few months later amidst uncertainty about how the film was progressing.
The project regained momentum in 2016. It was announced on 4 November that the film had secured the backing of 20th Century Fox, New Regency and GK Films. By this time, the film's working title was Bohemian Rhapsody, after the band's song of the same name. Freddie Mercury was to be played by Rami Malek, and shooting was scheduled to begin in early 2017. The motion picture was written by Anthony McCarten, with a story by McCarten and Peter Morgan, who received Oscar nominations for his screenplays The Queen and Frost/Nixon.
Released in October 2018, Bohemian Rhapsody focuses on Queen's formative years and the period leading up to the celebrated performance at the 1985 Live Aid concert. The film has grossed over $870 million worldwide, making it the highest-grossing musical biographical film of all time. Despite receiving mixed reviews, it won the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama. Malek received wide acclaim and numerous accolades for his portrayal of Mercury, including the Academy Award for Best Actor. While the Live Aid segment was praised, criticism came from not exploring more complex themes involving Mercury, with the New York Post's Johnny Oleksinski stating, "What we ultimately wanted from Bohemian Rhapsody was not carbon-copied concerts, but behind-closed-doors insight into a deeply private, complicated, internationally beloved superstar." After the release of the film, "Bohemian Rhapsody" re-entered the US Billboard Hot 100 for the third time (having previously charted in 1976 and 1992), charting at number 33 on 12 November 2018.
- Brian May – guitar, keyboards, vocals (1970–present)
- Roger Taylor – drums, guitar, keyboards, vocals (1970–present)
- Freddie Mercury – lead vocals, keyboards, guitar (1970–1991)
- John Deacon – bass, guitar, keyboards (1971–1997)
Long-term Queen + vocalists
Current touring members
- Spike Edney – keyboards, piano, rhythm guitar, backing vocals (1984–present)
- Neil Fairclough – bass guitar, backing vocals (2011–present)
- Tyler Warren – percussion, drums, backing vocals (2017–present)
Former touring members
- Morgan Fisher – keyboards, piano (1982)
- Fred Mandel – keyboards, piano (1982)
- David Grosman – bass guitar (1998–2004)
- Jamie Moses – rhythm guitar, backing vocals (1998–2009)
- Danny Miranda – bass guitar, backing vocals (2005–2009)
- Rufus Tiger Taylor – percussion, drums, backing vocals (2011–2017)
- Mike Grose – bass (1970)
- Barry Mitchell – bass (1970–1971)
- Doug Bogie – bass (1971)
Awards and nominations
- Early Queen Tours (1970-1973)
- Queen I Tour (1973–74)
- Queen II Tour (1974)
- Sheer Heart Attack Tour (1974–1975)
- A Night at the Opera Tour (1975–1976)
- Summer Gigs 1976 (1976)
- A Day at the Races Tour (1977)
- News of the World Tour (1977–1978)
- Jazz Tour (1978–1979)
- Crazy Tour (1979)
- The Game Tour (1980–1981)
- Hot Space Tour (1982)
- The Works Tour (1984–1985)
- The Magic Tour (1986)
- Queen + Paul Rodgers Tour (2005–2006)
- Rock the Cosmos Tour (2008)
- Queen + Adam Lambert Tour 2012 (2012)
- Queen + Adam Lambert Tour 2014–2015 (2014–2015)
- Queen + Adam Lambert 2016 Summer Festival Tour (2016)
- Queen + Adam Lambert Tour 2017–2018 (2017–2018)
- Queen + Adam Lambert The Rhapsody Tour (2019)
- Queen (1973)
- Queen II (1974)
- Sheer Heart Attack (1974)
- A Night at the Opera (1975)
- A Day at the Races (1976)
- News of the World (1977)
- Jazz (1978)
- The Game (1980)
- Flash Gordon (Original Soundtrack) (1980)
- Hot Space (1982)
- The Works (1984)
- A Kind of Magic (1986)
- The Miracle (1989)
- Innuendo (1991)
- Made in Heaven (1995)
- Hodkinson, Mark (2009). "Queen: The Early Years". p.118
- "Freddie Mercury's complex relationship with Zanzibar". BBC. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
- "Heritage award to mark Queen's first gig". bbc.co.uk. 5 March 2013.
- "Queen Biography for 1971". Queen Zone. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013.
- Blake, Mark. "Is This the Real Life?: The Untold Story of Queen". p. 96
- "Queen: The Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock". p.26. Voyageur Press, 2009
- "Queen Logo". Famouslogos.net. Retrieved 28 January 2011.
- "Queen Crest (Original)". Retrieved 7 June 2011.
- Sheffield, Norman (2 July 2013). Life on Two Legs.
- "Queen: From Rags to Rhapsody - BBC Four". BBC. Retrieved 2018-05-09.
- Buckley, Peter (2003) The rough guide to rock p.422. Rough Guides, 2003
- "Queen By Gordon Fletcher December 6, 1973". December 1973.
- "Queen". Daily Herald. Chicago, IL. 7 December 1973.
- "100 Greatest Guitar Songs of All Time". Rolling Stone. June 2008.
- Roberts, David (2006). "British Hit Singles & Albums". London: Guinness World Records Limited.
- "RIAA – Gold and Platinum". riaa. Archived from the original on 4 September 2015. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- Pryor, Fiona (10 May 2007). "Photographer lives the Rock dream". BBC News. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
- Queen: The Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock. p.128, 129, 159. Voyageur Press, 2009
- Mark Hodkinson. Queen: the early years. Omnibus Press 2004. Retrieved 28 August 2011
- Stephen Thomas Erlewine. "Queen II". AllMusic.
- Bruce Rusk. "Queen II". Daily Vault.
- "Queen II". Winnipeg Free Press.
- Thomas, Stephen (9 April 1974). "link Queen II: Allmusic review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- "1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die". Rocklistmusic.co.uk. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- Legends of rock guitar: the essential reference of rock's greatest guitarists. Booksgoogle.com. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Queen – Sheer Heart Attack". Chart Stats.
- "Queen Discography". Queen Online.
... and in November released Sheer Heart Attack which was a hit on both sides of the Atlantic.
- Queen: Sheer Heart Attack Archived 11 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- Whitburn, Joel (2006). "The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits". Billboard Books.
- Jones, Chris (7 June 2007). "Queen: Sheer Heart Attack Review". BBC. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
- "Classic Rock 'The 100 Greatest British Rock Albums Ever'". rocklistmusic. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- Mojo, June 2007, "The 100 Records That Changed the World"
- "Guitar Player: Brian May Interview". Queenarchives.com. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- Hodkinson, Mark (2009). "Queen: The Early Years". p.166
- "A Night at the Opera". Acoustic Sounds.
- Song Review by Greg Prato. "Queen: Love of My Life". AllMusic.
- "100 Greatest Albums". Channel 4. Archived from the original on 29 April 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2006.
- "Guinness poll". London Evening Standard. UK. Archived from the original on 25 December 2010. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- "ABC poll". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 5 December 2006. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- "A Night at the Opera". Acclaimed Music. Archived from the original on 12 June 2010. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- "230 – A Night at the Opera". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- Black, Johnny (2002). "The Greatest Songs Ever! Bohemian Rhapsody". Blender. Archived from the original on 17 January 2010. Retrieved 12 April 2010.
- "When Freddie Mercury Met Kenny Everett". (1 June 2002). Channel 4
- "Kenny Everett – The best possible way to remember a true pioneer". The Independent. Retrieved 24 January 2015
- "Queen Discography: A Night at the Opera". Queen Online.
- "Queen rock on in poll". BBC News. 8 May 2002. Retrieved 16 December 2007.
- "'Bohemian Rhapsody' Top Chart Topper". CBS News. 9 November 2002. Retrieved 16 December 2007.
- "Queen's 'Bohemian Rhapsody' greatest song of all time".
- "www.reddwarf.co.uk features interviews rocket". Reddwarf.co.uk. 11 June 2004.
- Medium cool: music videos from soundies to cellphones. p.157. Duke University Press, 2007. Books.google.com.
- Monahan, Mark (24 November 2011). "Top five Queen music videos". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 4 January 2016.
- Sutherland, Mark (30 October 2015). "Party On: Queen's Brian May Remembers 'Bohemian Rhapsody' on 40th Anniversary". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 4 January 2016.
- Welch, Andy (5 November 2015). "Queen's landmark single Bohemian Rhapsody turns 40 this week". The Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 4 January 2016.
- Directed by Carl Johnston (4 December 2004). The Story of Bohemian Rhapsody (Television production). BBC. Retrieved 9 March 2019
- Hann, Michael (12 June 2011). "Queen herald the age of the music video". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- mobile4357 (23 February 2008), Queen: The Making of "Death On Two Legs", retrieved 24 June 2017
- Mr.Scully. "Queen live on tour: A Night At The Opera". Queenconcerts.com.
- "A Day at the Races". AllMusic. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Queen". Disco Museum. Archived from the original on 17 April 2015.
- "A Day at the Races". Queenonline.com. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- Queen: The Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock. p.96. Voyageur Press, 2009
- "Tie Your Mother Down" has been included in all of the band's tours from the summer of 1976 to the most recent Return of the Champions tour, Queen Concertography.
- Song Review by Ed Rivadavia. "Tie Your Mother Down". AllMusic.
- "Queen play Hyde Park". BBC. Retrieved 9 April 2009.
- "Queen Biography 1976". Queen Zone. Archived from the original on 11 March 2007.
- Hince, Peter (2009). "Queen: The Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock". — "When Fred Met Sid". p.119. Voyageur Press, 2009
- "Sex Pistols on Bill Grundy's 'Today' show most requested clip". NME. 28 July 2008.
- Tiven, Jon (1977) Queen's Live Act Stuns City. Retrieved 21 May 2011
- "We Are the Champions: Song Review". AllMusic. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- Hilburn, Robert (20 December 1977). "Pop Music Review: Queen's Royal Achievement". Los Angeles Times.
- "Jazz – Queen: Billboard Albums". AllMusic. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Jazz – Queen: Review". AllMusic. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- Donald A. Guarisco, "Don't Stop Me Now". AllMusic. Retrieved 12 July 2011
-  Archived 2 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "RIAA". RIAA. Archived from the original on 26 June 2007. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- Billboard 18 July 1980. Books.google.com. 12 July 1980. p. 33.
- queen, official, Freddie Mercury, Brian May, Roger Taylor, John Deacon. "Lights! Action! Sound! It's That Crazy Little Thing Called Queen. Circus Magazine". Queenonline.com.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Kent, David (1993) (doc). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. Australian Chart Book, St Ives, N.S.W
- Queen: The Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock. p.155. Voyageur Press, 2009. Books.google.com.
- Whitburn, Joel (2006). "The Billboard Albums". Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research.
- "Inductees – The Vocal Group Hall of Fame Foundation". Vocalgroup.org. Archived from the original on 30 November 2010. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- Cunningham, Mark (October 1995). "AN INVITATION TO THE OPERA: Roy Thomas Baker & Gary Langan: The Making Of Queen's 'Bohemian Rhapsody'". Sound on Sound.
There was no stipulation that we wouldn't have any synths, but the statement 'No synths' was printed on the album sleeves because of peoples' lack of intellect in the ears department. Many people couldn't hear the difference between a multitracked guitar and a synthesiser. We would spend four days multi-layering a guitar solo and then some imbecile from the record company would come in and say, 'I like that synth!'
- Billboard 12 July 1980. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "8th American Music Awards". Rockonthenet.com.
- "Queen's Flashy Rock". The Washington Post. 27 July 1982. Retrieved 15 January 2011
- Max Lowry (13 July 2008). "The ones that got away". The Guardian. London.
- Henke, James (11 June 1981) "Queen Holds Court in South America" Rolling Stone Retrieved 15 January 2011
- Purvis, Georg (2007) Queen: Complete Works p.315. Reynolds & Hearn,
-  Archived 10 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- Stephen Thomas Erlewine (30 October 2007). "Queen Rock Montreal". AllMusic.
- "Their Britannic Majesties Request". spazioinwind.libero.it. Retrieved 4 June 2015
- "Queen biography 1981". Queen Zone. Archived from the original on 23 November 2006.
- "VH1: 100 Greatest Songs of the 80s". Rock on the Net.
- "Queen top UK album charts league". News.bbc.co.uk. 4 July 2005. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Queen head all-time sales chart". BBC. 16 November 2006.
- "In Pictures: 50 years of pop". BBC. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Queen – Hot Space". Stylusmagazine.com.
- O'Casey, Matt, dir. (2011) Queen – Days of Our Lives. Part 2. BBC. Queen Productions Ltd. Retrieved 31 May 2011
- "Q Classic: Stone Cold Crazy: Brain May Interview". Brianmay.com.
- "15 Albums Where Great Rock Acts Lost the Plot". Q magazine. July 2004. Archived at rocklistmusic.co.uk
- Babayan, Siran (18 November 2009). "The Royal Family Album: Queen Gets Definitive Photo Bio". LA Weekly. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
- "Saturday Night Live Season 08 Episode 01 on September 25, 1982 with host Chevy Chase and musical guest Queen". NBC. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
- "Queen – Biography". Ultimatequeen.co.uk.
-  Archived 8 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "Queen Biography 1984". Queenzone.com. Archived from the original on 28 January 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
- Barry Lazell (1989) Rock movers & shakers p.404. Billboard Publications, Inc.,
- "100 Best Singles of 1984: Pop's Greatest Year". Rolling Stone. 17 September 2014. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
- Tobler, John Who's who in rock & roll p.1971. Crescent Books, 1991
- McAlpine, Fraser (29 November 2018). "10 things you may not know about Queen's biggest 80s hits". BBC. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
- Mr.Scully. "Queen live on tour: The Works 1984". Queenconcerts.com.
- "Freddie Mercury Biography". Hot Shot Digital.
- Phil Sutcliffe, Peter Hince, Reinhold Mack (2009) Queen: The Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock Voyageur Press, 2009
- "The sins of St Freddie". The Guardian. 14 January 2005. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
- Billboard 27 May 2006. Books.google.com. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Queen: Rock in Rio". Queenarchives.com. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Queen: Live in Rio (1985)". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 January 2011.
- Grein, Paul. Billboard 4 May 1985. p.42. Billboard (magazine). Retrieved 2 June 2011
- Kokozej, Daria Mercury and Queen. Retrieved 21 May 2011
- Minchin, Ryan, dir. (2005) "The World's Greatest Gigs". Initial Film & Television. Retrieved 21 May 2011
- "Live Aid 1985: A day of magic". CNN.
- "Queen win greatest live gig poll". BBC. 9 November 2005. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Flashback: Queen Steal the Show at Live Aid". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 4 April 2013
"Queen: their finest moment at Live Aid". The Telegraph. 24 September 2011
"Live Aid 1985: A day of magic". CNN. Retrieved 17 July 2013
"Live Aid Memories: 'It was life-changing: my life was not all about just me anymore' ". The Independent. Retrieved 13 September 2013
"Queen most loved band". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 April 2009
Miles, Barry (2008) "Massive Music Moments". p. 159. Anova Books. Retrieved 21 May 2011
- "BBC Radio 4: "The Mysterious Mr Mercury"". BBC. 12 November 2011.
- Jackson, Laura (2008). Brian May: The Definitive Biography. Piatkus. ISBN 978-0749909765.
- Light, Alan (3 June 2011). "The Life and Times of Metallica and Queen". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
- McKee, Briony (13 July 2015). "30 fun facts for the 30th birthday of Live Aid". Digital Spy. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- Thomas, Holly (6 November 2018). "33 years later, Queen's Live Aid performance is still pure magic". CNN. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
- Mojo, August 1999, issue number 69. "Their Britannic Majesties Request" by David Thomas, page 87.
- queen, official, Freddie Mercury, Brian May, Roger Taylor, John Deacon. "A Kind of Magic: Album Details". Queenonline.com.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- International who's who in popular music p.129. Routledge, 2002
- ""Highlander: Immortal Edition DVD competition". Liverpool Echo". Icliverpool.icnetwork.co.uk.
- Blake, Mark (2011). Is This the Real Life?: The Untold Story of Queen. Aurum Press. ISBN 978-1845137137. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
- "Inside the studio where Freddie Mercury sang his last song". The Telegraph. 25 October 2015.
- Mr.Scully. "Queen live on tour: Magic tour". Queenconcerts.com.
- "We Will Rock You (Again)!". Queenarchives.com. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Spike Edney – Biography". Ultimatequeen.co.uk. 11 December 1951. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- "The Mods – A Tribute to an Era 1964–1970 – Spike Edney, Keyboards/Guitar – Special Guest". Themodsband.com. 11 April 2007. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- "Queen Wins 3 DVD Platinum Awards". Queenzone.com. 13 June 2005. Archived from the original on 30 September 2011.
- "30 years since Queen's majestic farewell tour". The Sunday Post. 21 March 2018.
- "Queen: Live at Wembley Stadium". WLIW. Archived from the original on 28 April 2006.
- Musician, Issues 93–98. p.44. Amordian Press, 1986. Retrieved 5 June 2011
- Billboard. Books.google.com. 16 August 1986.
- "Queen; The Miracle". AllMusic. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- Purvis, Georg (2007). "Queen Complete Works". Richmond: Reynolds & Hearn. p. 67
- "Interview with Brian May". Total Guitar Magazine. December 1998. Archived from the original on 2007-06-29.
There was all that time when we knew Freddie was on the way out, we kept our heads down.
- VH1 Legends: Queen-Viacom International, VH1, 1997.
- "Queen Signs With Disney, Raising Hope For Cd Releases". Chicago Tribune. Los Angeles Daily News. 13 September 1990. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
- Wilker, Deborah (7 May 1992). "Queen Must Decide On Replacing Freddie Mercury". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
- "The Highs and Lows of the Brit Awards". BBC. 2 December 1999. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Queen, Freddie Mercury, Roger Taylor, Brian May, BRITS 1990". Brit Awards. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Queen Online " History " Discography". Queenonline.com. Retrieved 7 November 2010.
- Donald A. Guarisco. "Queen – The Show Must Go On" Archived 4 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine. AllMusic. Retrieved 23 May 2011
- "100 Greatest Singers of All Time: Freddie Mercury". Rollingstone.com.
- "BPI – UK Best Selling Albums of All Time (14 June 2009)" (PDF).
- "Queen Greatest Hits I and II Review". BBC.
- "Queen; Greatest Hits, Vol. 2". AllMusic. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- Bret, David (1996). Living on the Edge: The Freddie Mercury Story. London: Robson Books. p. 179. ISBN 1-86105-256-1.
- "1991: Giant of rock dies". BBC. 24 November 1991. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Freddie, I'll Love You Always". The Mirror. 28 November 1991. Archived from the original on 12 October 2014.
- "Elton's Sad Farewell". Mr-mercury.co.uk. Archived from the original on 12 October 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- Sherwin, Adam (30 May 2011). "Final Freddie Mercury performance discovered". The Independent. London.
- "Queen hit named Britain's best". Daily Mail. London. 20 April 2014.
- "History of HIV & AIDS in the UK (1981–1995)". Avert.
- Billboard 25 July 1992. p.8. Books.google.com.
- "1992 MTV Video Music Awards". Rockonthenet.com. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- Made in Heaven video documentary "Champions of the World".
- Jackson, Laura (2002). Queen: The Definitive Biography. London: Piatkus. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-7499-2317-4.
- Folkard, Claire; Vidal, Oriol (2004). "Guinness World Records 2005".
- queen, official, Freddie Mercury, Brian May, Roger Taylor, John Deacon. "Made in Heaven". Queenonline.com.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Lemieux, Patrick (2013). The Queen Chronology: The Recording & Release History of the Band. Lulu. p. 86.
- "Mercury, heavy metal and a jazz explosion". The Sydney Morning Herald.
- Michaels, Sean (20 March 2008). "We will rock you – again". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 16 January 2011.
- Jackson, Laura (2002). Queen: The Definitive Biography. London: Piatkus. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-7499-2317-4.
- Montreuxmusic – Freddie Mercury statue. EMI international. Archived 26 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "Crowning Glory". Queenzone.com. Archived from the original on 7 December 2010. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
- "Queen Press Release – No One But You". Queenarchives.com. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Queen: No-one But You/Tie Your Mother Down". Chart Stats.
-  Archived 5 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- Mr.Scully. "Brian May + Roger Taylor live in Parco Novi Sad, Modena, Italy (Pavarotti & Friends)". Queenconcerts.com.
- "Soundtrack for "A Knight's Tale"". Internet Movie Database.
- "Music – John Deacon". BBC. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- "Queen honoured with Hollywood star". BBC News. 18 October 2002.
- "Brian May – Ambassadors – 46664". 46664.com. 30 November 2003. Archived from the original on 4 October 2011.
- "46664: One Year On". discogs.com. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- "Queen News March 2006". brianmay.com.
- "Rodgers to be the Great Pretender for Queen". Daily Mail. London. 15 December 2004.
- Owen Gibson, media correspondent (5 July 2005). "Queen most loved band". The Guardian. London.
- "Queen + Paul Rodgers Concertography". Ultimatequeen.co.uk.
- Cohen, Jonathan (6 April 2006). "VH1 Rock Honors To Salute Kiss, Queen". Billboard. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
- 5/30/06 (3 December 2010). "Queen & Foo Fighters "We Will Rock You/We Are The Champions" Live at Rock Honors 2006". VH1.
- May, Brian (15 August 2006). "USA Convention Story and Queen and Paul Rodgers Heading Towards a Studio Assignation". Archived from the original on 24 May 2012.
- "Mandela concert line-up unveiled". BBC News. 6 May 2008.
- "Queen & Paul Rodgers – Live In Ukraine DVDs!". Daily Record. Scotland. Archived from the original on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- Mr.Scully. "Queen live on tour: Queen + Paul Rodgers 2008". Queenconcerts.com.
- "QUEEN + PAUL RODGERS: UK Tour Press Release". Queenworld.com. 8 October 2008.
- "Queen end collaboration with Paul Rodgers". NME. 14 May 2009.
- "Paul Rodgers, Queen Split: "It Was Never a Permanent Arrangement"". idiomag. 13 May 2009. Retrieved 14 May 2009.
- "Queen and Paul Rodgers split". idiomag. 14 May 2009. Retrieved 14 May 2009.
- Kaufman, Gil (20 May 2009). "Kris Allen, Adam Lambert Tear Up Queen's 'We Are The Champions' – News Story | MTV News". MTV. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- "Chart Archive: Top 40 Official UK Albums Archive – 28th November 2009". The Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 6 July 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
- Absolute Greatest Tracklist Revealed! Archived 2 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- Brian May. "WHAT'S NEW".
- "X Factor twins John and Edward in final six". The Belfast Telegraph. 16 November 2009. Retrieved 16 November 2009.
- "Queen News August 2010". Brianmay.com. Retrieved 7 November 2010.
- Paphides, Pete (2 June 2010). "Can EMI pick up the pieces?". The Times. London. Retrieved 27 June 2010.
- "Hardtalk Interview Part 1". YouTube. Retrieved 20 December 2010.
- "Hardtalk Interview Part 2". YouTube. Retrieved 20 December 2010.
- Collett-White, Mike (8 November 2010). "Queen Signs To Universal, Preps Remastered Albums". Billboard. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
- "First Five Albums Re–Released Today!". Queen. 14 March 2011. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
- "Press Release: Second Five Albums Re-Issued on 27th June". Queen. 5 April 2011. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
- queen, official, Freddie Mercury, Brian May, Roger Taylor, John Deacon. "Second Set of Re-issues: Out This Week!". Queenonline.com.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- "Press Release: Final Five Albums Re-Issued On 5th September". Queen. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
- "Perry Farrell Battles Queen for a Bassist, Plots Dream Lineup for Lollapalooza 2012". Spinner.
- "Paul Rodgers to tour with Queen again?". Queenzone.com. 31 May 2011. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011.
- "Queen take the Icon prize at BMI Awards". NME. 5 October 2011.
- "Queen, the Script, Andrew Frampton, Fraser T. Smith & more honored at 2011 BMI London Awards". Bmi.com. 4 October 2011.
- Source: Penny Newton (6 November 2011). "Katy and Adam Honour Queen". MTV.
- "Adam Lambert to perform with Queen at Sonisphere". BBC. 20 February 2012.
- "The Queen Extravaganza: 'Somebody to Love' on American Idol". Rolling Stone. 27 April 2012.
- "Queen + Adam Lambert = Saturday night partytime". Sonisphere.co.uk. Archived from the original on 21 February 2012.
- "Sonisphere festival cancelled". sonisphere. Archived from the original on 31 March 2012. Retrieved 29 March 2012.
- queen, official, Freddie Mercury, Brian May, Roger Taylor, John Deacon. "Sonisphere – Statement from Queen". Queenonline.com.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- "Press Release: Queen To Play Hammersmith". 12 April 2012. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "Queen + Adam Lambert Playing Four Shows This Summer". Billboard.
- "Queen + Adam Lambert Hammersmith Shows – SOLD OUT". 19 April 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- "After 'Instant' Sell-out, Queen and Adam Lambert Add Third London Dat ..." 8 July 2012. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012.
- "Queen Rock Kiev With Adam Lambert". Ultimateclassicrock.com. 1 July 2012.
- "Press Release: Queen + Adam Lambert Will Rock Moscow". 28 February 2012. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
- "Adam Lambert has second show with Queen". USA Today. 28 February 2012.
- "Press Release: Queen + Adam Lambert Announce Poland Show". 27 April 2012. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- "Olympics Closing Ceremony: Jessie J Joins Queen For 'We Will Rock You' Performance". Capital Radio. 12 August 2012.
- Rees, Jasper (13 August 2012). "Olympics closing ceremony: A long goodbye to the Games". BBC.
- Silverman, Rosa (13 August 2012). "Record TV audience for Olympics Closing ceremony". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 22 September 2013.
- "Lineup announced for the 2013 iHeartRadio festival". CBS News. 15 July 2013. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Queen and Adam Lambert reunite for Summer Tour". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Queen + Adam Lambert Announce Summer Tour". Billboard. 6 March 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Queen Australian tour announced with best Freddie Mercury replacement". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Q&A: Queen, Adam Lambert Talk New Tour, Pressure and John Deacon". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Brian May – BBC Wales Interview". YouTube. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Queen Forever". Allmusic. 9 May 2016.
- "Queen and Adam Lambert to perform New Year's Eve concert broadcast on BBC One". BBC.co.uk. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
- "Isle of Wight Festival: Queen pay tribute to Orlando shooting victims". BBC. 14 June 2016.
- "After Four Decades, Queen Rock Israel with Help From Adam Lambert". Billboard. 16 September 2016.
- "Queen + Adam Lambert Plot U.S. Summer Tour". Rolling Stone. 26 January 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
- "Watch Queen and Adam Lambert's Oscars 2019 opening performance". Oscars. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
- "Queen + Adam Lambert Announce 2019 North American 'rhapsody' Tour". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
- Queen's influences;
- "Rock Chronicles. 1980s: Queen". ultimate-guitar.com. 3 July 2011. Archived from the original on 17 October 2014.
- Vinnicombe, Chris (24 November 2009). "VIDEO: Queen's Brian May picks his favourite riffs". MusicRadar. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
- Frost, Matt (29 April 2015). "Steve Hackett talks Wolflight, phrasing and the nylon knack". MusicRadar. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- "Steve Hackett". Inside Out Music. 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
- "Interview with Steve Hackett". dmme.net. January 2001. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
- Marsh, Dave (24 February 1977). "A Day At The Races". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- "Tony Iommi, Neal Schon, Brian May Talk Jimi Hendrix On Planet Rock Special". Blabbermouth.net. 3 March 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- Georg Purvis (2007). "Queen: Complete Works". p. 251. Reynolds & Hearn
- "Roger Taylor & Brian May Interview - Part 2". Queen Online. 9 October 2015.
- Ramirez, Aj (8 June 2011). "In the Lap of the Gods: The First Five Queen Albums". PopMatters. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
- Trunk, Eddie (2011). Eddie Trunk's Essential Hard Rock and Heavy Metal. Abrams. ISBN 978-0810998315. Retrieved 4 January 2019.
- Masters, Tim (13 October 2009). "Queen star May hails Muse album". BBC News.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Queen". Allmusic.
- de Haan, Jan-Jaap. "Queen: A Night At The Opera". Dutch Progressive Rock Page. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- DeRogatis, Jim (14 July 2002). "Queen, A Day at the Races, A Night at the Opera". jimdero.com. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
- Marsh, Dave (24 February 1977). "A Day At The Races". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- Scoppa, Bud (6 December 1973). "Sheer Heart Attack". Rolling Stone (186). Archived from the original on 30 June 2007.
- Gilmore, Mikal (7 July 2014). "Queen's Tragic Rhapsody". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "A Night at the Opera". AllMusic. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "A Day at the Races". AllMusic. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
- Christopher Knowles (2010). The Secret History of Rock 'n' Roll. Viva Editions. p. 162. ISBN 978-1573444057.
- Blake, Mark (2011). Is This the Real Life?: The Untold Story of Queen. Aurum Press Ltd. ISBN 978-1845137137. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
- Prato, Greg. "Hot Space". Allmusic.
- Schaffner, Nicholas (1982). The British Invasion: From the First Wave to the New Wave. New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 254.
- "For the first time ever ... Queen: Ten great hits from the sensational rock band". Mail Online. London. 20 April 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- LG (6 October 1977). "Queen – Royal Legend: Detailed information about albums: News Of The World". Queen.musichall.cz. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
- Paul Simpson (2003). The Rough Guide to Cult Pop. Rough Guides Ltd. p. 153. ISBN 978-1843532293.
- "Brian May Interview, The Music Biz (1992)". Youtube.com. 16 July 2011.
- David McNamee (11 August 2010). "Hey, what's that sound: Homemade guitars". London: Guardian.
- "Pro's Reply: Brian May". Guitar Player. August 1975. p. 154. (repr. January 2014)
- "Roy Thomas Baker". AllMusic.com. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- "Mike "Clay" Stone, credits". AllMusic.com. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- Black, Johnny (February–March 2002). "The Greatest Songs Ever! Bohemian Rhapsody". Blender. Archived from the original on 2 February 2007.
- Cavanagh, David (11 March 2011). "Queen - The First Five Albums". Uncut. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
- Hamrogue, Sasha; Bottomley, C. "Mick Rock: Shooting Up Archived 8 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine". VH1. 22 July 2004. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- Lemieux, Patrick (2013). The Queen Chronology: The Recording & Release History of the Band. Lulu. p. 40.
- Sutcliffe, Phil; Hince, Peter; Mack, Reinhold (15 November 2009). Queen: The Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock. MBI Publishing Company. p. 180. ISBN 978-0-7603-3719-6.
- Queen - Champions of the World video (1995)
- "Queen rock on in poll". BBC News. 8 May 2002.
-  Archived 24 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Fowles, Paul (2009). A Concise History of Rock Music. Mel Bay Publications, Inc. p. 243. ISBN 978-0786666430.
- Directed by Carl Johnston (4 December 2004). The Story of Bohemian Rhapsody (Television production). BBC.
- Thompson, Simon. "Queen's 'Bohemian Rhapsody' Is Officially The World's Most-Streamed Song". Forbes. Retrieved 2018-12-16.
- "Queen's Bohemian Rhapsody becomes most-streamed song from the 20th century | Music | The Guardian". The Guardian. Retrieved 2018-12-16.
- "Queen win greatest live gig poll". BBC. 9 November 2005.
- "Queen declared 'top British band'". BBC. 2 January 2007.
- "Live Aid Turns 30: The Backstage Scoop From The People Who Were There". MTV. 11 July 2015.
- Noah, Sherna (10 December 2005). "Queen closer to King as UK chart-toppers". The Scotsman. Edinburgh.
- Brown, Mark (16 November 2006) Queen are the champions in all-time album sales chart The Guardian Retrieved 16 February 2011
- "Queen Getting 'Global Icon' Nod at MTV Europe Awards". Billboard. 19 October 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Queen 'planning to abandon EMI'". Daily Express. Retrieved 6 June 2010.
- Joe Joseph (13 October 2006). "Paying homage to Queen Freddie". The Times. London. Retrieved 20 November 2010.
- "BBC BREAKFAST NEWS VIDEO". BBC NEWS. 6 November 2009. Retrieved 6 November 2009.
- "Top Selling Artists". RIAA.
- "Rock and Roll Hall of Fame: Queen". 2007. Retrieved 6 February 2010.
- "2003 Award and Induction Ceremony: Queen". Songwritershalloffame.org. Archived from the original on 17 December 2010. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Grammy Hall of Fame Award". The GRAMMYs. Archived from the original on 22 January 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Queen enter Grammy Hall of Fame". News.bbc.co.uk. 1 December 2008. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- Haines, Lester (29 September 2005) 'We Are The Champions' voted world's fave song (Sony Ericsson world music poll) Retrieved 16 February 2011
- "The 32nd Ivor Novello Awards". The Ivors. Retrieved 3 January 2018
- "The 50th Ivor Novello Awards". The Ivors. Retrieved 3 January 2018
- "Queen, Tina Turner to Receive Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 8 March 2018
- "Queen embrace new technology: whether it's remixing for DVD or releasing live sets online, the band have stayed at the forefront of change". Music Week. 12 November 2005. Archived from the original on 15 May 2013.
- "Classic bands top net bootleg chart". BBC News. 22 March 2001.
- "People Watch". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. 26 August 2004.
- Way, Gerard (29 April 2011). 100 Greatest Artists Of All Time: Queen Rolling Stone. Retrieved 23 May 2011
- "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time: Brian May". Rollingstone.com.
- "2. Freddie Mercury". Readers Pick the Best Lead Singers of All Time. Rolling Stone. 12 April 2011. Archived from the original on 15 April 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
- "VH1: '100 Greatest Hard Rock Artists'". www.rockonthenet.com. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- "VH1 Listed 100 Greatest Artists Of All Time". Today24news.com. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Queen named best band of the past 60 years". Gigwise. 4 June 2012.
- "Queen, first non-blues based heavy metal band". Rolling Stone, Dec 1973.
- "Rob Halford Tells Nikki Sixx That Adam Lambert Is Doing An 'Extraordinary' Job Fronting Queen". Blabbermouth.net. 10 July 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
- "Queen, 50 greatest songs as voted for by Maiden, Priest, Kiss, etc". Classic Rock magazine, October 2006.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas; Prato, Greg. "Metallica". Allmusic.
- "Dream Theater: Dragon Attack – A Tribute To Queen". Archived from the original on 20 September 2010.
- "TRIVIUM Frontman: 'If It Weren't For JAMES HETFIELD, I Literally Wouldn't Be Here'". BLABBERMOUTH.NET. 13 May 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
- "The Quietus | Features | Baker's Dozen | Th1rt3en Best: Dave Mustaine Of Megadeth's Favourite Albums". The Quietus. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
- "MP3 David Lee Roth Queen review". Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- FNM4EVER 2 (17 December 2011), Faith No More - Making Of Angel Dust (Full), retrieved 17 April 2016
- "Melvins' King Buzzo Talks About Queen's Influence in Exclusive Video". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
- Sutcliffe, Phil (2009). Queen: the Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock (2015 ed.). Minneapolis, MN, USA: Voyageur Press. p. 227. ISBN 978-0-7603-4947-2.
Corey Taylor: 'The older I got, the more I got into Queen, and I got into the harmonies, which were just unreal ... It was one of those things where you go, 'Man I wish I would've started listening to this earlier.' I think Freddie Mercury was one of the best singers ever lived. I think he would look around at a lot of this stuff today and laugh his ass off 'cause it would be so funny to him. Then again, he'd probably be a god to some of these people because he was such a great frontman, such a good singer, and just incredibly gifted man.'
- Sutcliffe, Phil (2009). Queen: the Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock (2015 ed.). Minneapolis, MN, USA: Voyageur Press. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-7603-4947-2.
Tom Morello: 'There is no band remotely like them. There aren't even imitators that come within a hundred city blocks of Queen, and that can be said about very, very few bands. It's one of the few bands in the history of rock music that was actually best in a stadium. And I miss Freddie Mercury very much.'
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas; Prato, Greg. "Guns N' Roses". Allmusic.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Def Leppard". Allmusic.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Van Halen AllMusic. Retrieved 28 February 2012
- "Queen: The Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock". p.27. Voyageur Press, 2009
- Deacon, queen, official, Freddie Mercury, Brian May, Roger Taylor, John. "Steve Vai On Brian May". www.queenonline.com. Archived from the original on 26 April 2016. Retrieved 26 April 2016.
- "The Cult's Ian Astbury still seeking in this amazing interview - Louder Than War". Louder Than War. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
- Trendell, Andrew. "The Darkness on the magic of Queen | Gigwise". gigwise.com. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
- Sutcliffe, Phil (2009). Queen: the Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock (2015 ed.). Minneapolis, MN, USA: Voyageur Press. p. 242. ISBN 978-0-7603-4947-2.
Kid Rock: 'I love Queen. The more you listen to Queen, the more you realize, especially if you're a musician, how much of a genius Freddie Mercury was, and Brian May and those guys are.'
- Arjun S Ravi (12 October 2007). "They're back: And thank God for the Foo Fighters". Screen Weekly. Retrieved 2 December 2009.[permanent dead link]
- Byrne, Ciar (21 March 2008). "The last days of Kurt Cobain, in his own words". The Independent. London. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- McLean, Craig (18 June 2006). "All messed up". The Guardian. London.
- "Nine Inches of Love". TheNINHotline.com. Internet. March 1992.
- Jonathan Fisher (17 June 2006). "Muse talk to DiS: new album, Western films and WIN! WIN! WIN! / Music News // Drowned In Sound". Drownedinsound.com. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- "RHCP's Chad Smith | Modern Drummer Magazine". Modern Drummer Magazine. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
- Caplan, B. "Surfing, Pinball, and Weed: Perry Farrell on His Teen Years in Miami". Miami New Times. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
- Sutcliffe, Phil (2009). Queen: the Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock (2015 ed.). Minneapolis, MN, USA: Voyageur Press. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-7603-4947-2.
Wayne Coyne: 'Musically they really are phenomenal. Freddie Mercury was just a beautiful singer, and they all are so great as musicians and have so many great moments where it's like, oh my God, here's a band that didn't hold back.'
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas; Prato, Greg. "The Smashing Pumpkins". Allmusic.
- Childers, Chad (15 September 2015). "17 Years Ago: Marilyn Manson Goes Glam With 'Mechanical Animals'". Loudwire. Townsquare Media. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
- "Meat Loaf Influences". All music. Retrieved 13 July 2015
- "The Killers channel Queen, Meat Loaf, for new album". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 13 July 2015
- Leahey, Andrew My Chemical Romance Allmusic Retrieved 24 January 2011
- "Read Fall Out Boy's Loving Green Day Tribute at Rock and Roll Hall of Fame". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
- "Panic! at the Disco's Brendon Urie Talks the Influence of Bowie, Queen and Sinatra on Death of a Bachelor". Abcnewsradioonline.com. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
- Sutcliffe, Phil (2009). Queen: the Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock (2015 ed.). Minneapolis, MN, USA: Voyageur Press. p. 170. ISBN 978-0-7603-4947-2.
- Deming, Mark George Michael Allmusic.
- People, Sunday. "Robbie Williams turned to Freddie Mercury for tour inspiration". mirror. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
- Sutcliffe, Phil (2009). Queen: the Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock (2015 ed.). Minneapolis, MN, USA: Voyageur Press. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-7603-4947-2.
Adele: 'I love them. I'm the biggest Queen fan ever ... They're the kind of band that's just in your DNA, really. Everyone just knows who they are.'
- Dingwall, John (27 November 2009). "The Fear Factor; Lady Gaga used tough times as inspiration for her new album". Daily Record. pp. 48–49. Retrieved 25 January 2011.
- Leahey, Andrew Katy Perry Allmusic Retrieved 25 January 2011
- Garland, Emma (8 January 2017). "Kesha's MySpace Profile from 2008 is Better Than DJ Khaled's Snapchat". Noisey. Vice Media. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
- Renshaw, David (12 December 2014). "Grimes finishes work on new 'glam rock' song inspired by David Bowie and Queen". NME. Retrieved 7 September 2016.
- "His Style Is Gangnam, and Viral Too". New York Times. Retrieved 31 August 2016
- "Rolling Stone Magazine: Queen by Gordon Fletcher December 6, 1973". Retrieved 3 October 2016.
- Classic Rock magazine, October 2006.
- Jones, Chris (7 June 2007). "Queen Sheer Heart Attack Review". BBC Music. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
- Morse, Steve (11 January 1991). "Grammys focus on fresh faces, jilt Madonna" (fee required). The Boston Globe. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
- "Here's The Thing with Alec Baldwin: interview with Thom Yorke". WNYC. 1 April 2013. Archived from the original on 21 June 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
- May, Brian (April 2004). "Biography". brianmay.com.
- "A Night at the Opera, 30th Anniversary CD/DVD". AllMusic. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "God Save The Queen". Ultimatequeen.co.uk. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "RockWalk Inductees: Queen. Guitar Center's Hollywood Rockwalk". Rockwalk.com.
- "Queen musical We Will Rock You to close after 12 years". BBC. Retrieved 28 October 2014
- "We Will Rock You". London Theatre.
- "Queen plan second stage musical". BBC News. 15 April 2008.
- "We Will Rock You UK Tour". Wewillrockyou.co.uk.
- Sewpersad, Roshan (21 October 2004). "Too little balls for balletomanes". LitNet. Teater. South Africa. Archived from the original on 10 October 2006.
- Christopher Isherwood (19 August 2010) Here They Go Again: Head-Banging Anthems of Their Youth The New York Times
- "Queen: The Eye". Ultimatequeen.co.uk. 13 July 2013.
- PC Review: Queen: The Eye Review Archived 4 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- "Queen Rock Montreal (& Live Aid)". Ultimatequeen.co.uk.
- "Rock Band's Queen 10-Pack in All Its Glory". Kotaku.com. 2 October 2009. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- "Exclusive: 'Guitar Hero: Van Halen' Song List". Multiplayerblog.mtv.com. 5 August 2009. Archived from the original on 10 September 2015.
- "Guitar Hero Metallica Track List: Queen – Stone Cold Crazy". Guitarherosongs.co.uk.
- "'Guitar Hero: Warriors of Rock' Track List". Multiplayerblog.mtv.com. 4 June 2010.
- Masters, Tim (13 October 2009). "Queen star May hails Muse album". BBC News.
- "Queen Playable in Lego Rock Band along with their songs "We Will Rock You and We Are The Champions"". 1up.com. 20 October 2009. Archived from the original on 15 May 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- Previous post Next post (3 February 2009). "Singstar Queen Track Listing Revealed | GameLife". Wired.com. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- "Music, Current Set List". DJ Hero. Archived from the original on 23 July 2010. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- "Grand Theft Auto IV soundtrack". GTAIV.net. Archived from the original on 14 February 2017. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
- "GTA V What You Need to Know About The New Trailers". IGN. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
- Greg Prato (27 January 1981). "Flash Gordon (Original Soundtrack): Queen". Allmusic.com.
- Sounds of the Future: Essays on Music in Science Fiction Film. p.19. Books.google.com.
- Olson, James Stuart (1999). Historical dictionary of the 1970s p.292. Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999. Retrieved 30 May 2011
- Heather Phares (6 April 2004). "Ella Enchanted Original Soundtrack". Allmusic.com.
- Other reviews by Mike Brennan (14 November 2006). "Happy Feet Soundtrack". Soundtrack.net.
- Stephen Thomas Erlewine (26 February 2002). "Moulin Rouge, Music from the Motion Picture". Allmusic.com.
- "A Knight's Tale OST". All music. Retrieved 13 July 2015
- Yukari Shima (14 November 2005) Japan Report BrianMay.com. Retrieved 11 June 2011
- "Queen win Top Gears Best Driving Song ever poll". Queenzone.com. 7 August 2005. Archived from the original on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
- "Episode Guide". That '70s Show. December 2008. – Scholar search
- "The Simpsons Archive: Music Featured on the Simpsons". Snpp.com. 14 November 2012. Archived from the original on 11 May 2008.
- Lyndsey, Parker (13 April 2006). "Queen's Brian May Addresses 'Idol Fallout'". Yahoo!.
- "X Factor twins John and Edward in final six". Belfast Telegraph. 16 November 2009. Retrieved 16 November 2009.
- "'GLEE: The Music, Volume 1' Track Listing Revealed". Broadwayworld.com. Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved 16 July 2011.
- "Funk: Featured Music". Fox Retrieved 3 July 2011
- "Glee: The Music, The Graduation Album". The Official Music for Glee Site. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Sacha Baron Cohen to play Freddie Mercury". BBC News. 17 September 2010. Retrieved 22 September 2010.
- @megancarol (17 September 2010). "Sacha Baron Cohen to Play Freddie Mercury". Newsfeed.time.com.
- Finke, Nikki (22 July 2013). "Sacha Baron Cohen Exits Freddie Mercury Biopic Over Creative Differences With Queen". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- "Ben Whishaw joins Freddie Mercury biopic". BBC News. 10 December 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
- "Queen Biopic Will Happen, Band Says". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
- Mike Fleming Jr (4 November 2016). "Queen Movie Amping Up With Bryan Singer & Rami Malek As Freddie Mercury". Deadline. Archived from the original on 5 November 2016. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
- "Queen's Freddie Mercury: taming the madness for Bohemian Rhapsody". The Times. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
- ""Is it because I has a mankini?" Ali G creator to take on Queen". The Independent. London. 17 September 2010. Retrieved 22 September 2010.
- “Bohemian Rhapsody”. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 9 March 2019
- “Bohemian Rhapsody becomes highest-grossing biopic of all time”. Indian Express. Retrieved 20 January 2019
- Aridi, Sara (24 February 2019). "2019 Oscar Winners: The Full List". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
- "Bohemian Rhapsody: Critics say Freddie Mercury film is a kind of magic". BBC. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
- "Queen's 'Bohemian Rhapsody' Makes Rare Third Visit to Billboard Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
- Brooks, Greg (1995). Queen Live: A Concert Documentary. London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-7119-4814-3.
- Dawson, Mike (2008). Freddie & Me. London: Jonathan Cape. ISBN 978-0-224-08193-1.
- Dean, Ken; Charlesworth, Chris (1991). Queen: The New Visual Documentary. London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-7119-2828-2.
- Goodall, Nigel; Lewry, Peter (1998). The Ultimate Queen. London: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-684-82149-8.
- Gunn, Jacky; Jenkins, Jim (1992). Queen: As It Began. London: Sidgwick & Jackson. ISBN 978-0-330-33259-0.
- Hodkinson, Mark (2005). Queen: The Early Years. London: Music Sales Limited. ISBN 978-0-7119-6012-1.
- Hogan, Peter (1994). The Complete Guide to the Music of Queen. London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-7119-3526-6.
- Jackson, Laura (2002). Queen: The Definitive Biography. London: Piatkus. ISBN 978-0-7499-2317-4.
- Michael, Mick (1992). Queen, In Their Own Words. London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-7119-3014-8.
- Nester, Daniel (2003). God Save My Queen: A Tribute. Brooklyn, NY: Soft Skull Press. ISBN 978-1-887128-27-8.
- Nester, Daniel (2004). God Save My Queen II: The Show Must Go On. Brooklyn, NY: Soft Skull Press. ISBN 978-1-932360-51-6.
- Purvis, Georg (2006). Queen: Complete Works. Richmond: Reynolds & Hearn. ISBN 978-1-905287-33-8.
- Sutcliffe, Phil; Hince, Peter; Mack, Reinhold (2009). Queen: The Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock. London: Voyageur Press. ISBN 0-7603-3719-5.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to:|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Queen (band)|