Queen Alexandra Range

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Queen Alexandra Range
A wide expanse of ice covering the bottom two-thirds of the satellite image, and icy water covering the rest. There are dark mountains in the bottom-left.
The Queen Alexandra Range is at the top, at the upper base of the Ross Ice Shelf (NASA).
Highest point
Peak Mount Kirkpatrick
Elevation 4,528 m (14,856 ft)
Coordinates 84°00′S 168°00′E / 84.000°S 168.000°E / -84.000; 168.000Coordinates: 84°00′S 168°00′E / 84.000°S 168.000°E / -84.000; 168.000
Length 160 km (99 mi) [1]
Area 74,641 km2 (28,819 sq mi)
Queen Alexandra Range is located in Antarctica
Queen Alexandra Range
Queen Alexandra Range
Location in Antarctica

The Queen Alexandra Range is a major mountain range of the Transantarctic Mountains System, located in the Ross Dependency region of Antarctica.

It is about 160 km (100 mi) long, bordering the entire western side of Beardmore Glacier from the Polar Plateau to the Ross Ice Shelf. Alternate names for this range include Alexandra Mountains, Alexandra Range and Königin Alexandra Gebirge.[2]

The highest peak of the range is Mount Kirkpatrick at 4,528 metres (14,856 ft). Other peaks in the range include Mount Dickerson (4,120 m).


This mountain range was discovered on the journey toward the South Pole by the British Antarctic Expedition, and was named by Ernest Shackleton for Queen Alexandra of England.[2] Shackleton and his men, and a later expedition headed by Robert Falcon Scott, both collected rock samples from the range that contained fossils. The discovery that multicellular life forms had lived so close to the South Pole was an additional piece of evidence that accompanied the publication (in 1910 and independently in 1912) of the theory of continental drift.

Mountains and peaks[edit]

Mountain Metres Feet Coordinates
Decennial Peak 4,020 13,189 84°22′S 166°02′E / 84.367°S 166.033°E / -84.367; 166.033
Mount Stanley 3,220 10,564 84°09′S 165°29′E / 84.150°S 165.483°E / -84.150; 165.483
Mount Bishop 3,020 9,908 83°43′S 168°42′E / 83.717°S 168.700°E / -83.717; 168.700
Ahmadjian Peak 2,910 9,547 83°41′S 168°42′E / 83.683°S 168.700°E / -83.683; 168.700
Mount Fox 2,820 9,252 83°38′S 169°15′E / 83.633°S 169.250°E / -83.633; 169.250
Mount Ida 1,565 5,135 83°35′S 170°29′E / 83.583°S 170.483°E / -83.583; 170.483
Mount Kurlak

Ahmadjian Peak[edit]

Ahmadjian Peak is a prominent ice-covered peak, standing 4.5 miles (7 km) southwest of Mount Fox. Named by Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN) for Vernon Ahmadjian, United States Antarctic Research Program (USARP) biologist at McMurdo Station, 1963-64.[3]

Mount Bishop[edit]

Mount Bishop stands 3.2 km (2 mi) south of Ahmadjian Peak. Named by US-ACAN after Lieutenant Barry Chapman Bishop (1932–94), United States Air Force (USAF), an observer with the Argentine Antarctic Expedition (1956–57); member of the Staff of the U.S. Antarctica Projects Officer, 1958 and 1959; member of the American party which on May 22, 1962, succeeded in climbing Mount Everest.[4]

Decennial Peak[edit]

Decennial Peak is a peak situated 4.8 km (3 mi) southwest of Mount Kirkpatrick. Mapped by United States Geological Survey (USGS) from surveys and U.S. Navy air photos, 1958-65. Named by US-ACAN in recognition of the Decennial of the Institute of Polar Studies, Ohio State University, in 1970, the same year the University celebrated its Centennial. The university and the Institute have been very active in Antarctic investigations since 1960.[5]

Mount Elizabeth[edit]

Mount Elizabeth is a large ice-free mountain 4,480 metres high situated 6 mi south of Mount Anne. Discovered by the British Antarctic Expedition and named for Elizabeth Dawson-Lambton, a supporter of the BAE.

Mount Fox[edit]

Mount Fox is a mountain standing 1 mi SW of Mount F.L. Smith. Discovered and named by the British Antarctic Expedition.[6]

Mount Ida[edit]

Mount Ida is a conspicuous bare rock mountain, standing 2 miles (3.2 km) west of Granite Pillars, just southeast of the head of King Glacier. Discovered by the British Antarctic Expedition (1907–09), and named for Ida Jane Rule of Christchurch, New Zealand, who later married Edward Saunders, Secretary to Shackleton, who assisted in preparing the narrative of the expedition.[7]

Mount Stanley[edit]

Mount Stanley stands northeast of the head of Wyckoff Glacier near the western limits of Grindley Plateau. Named by the British Antarctic Expedition (1907–09) for the eldest brother of Dr. E.S. Marshall, a member of the expedition. This identification is the New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition (NZGSAE) (1961–62) interpretation of the original positioning by the British Antarctic Expedition (1907–09).[8]

Morris Heights[edit]

Morris Heights (83°28′S 169°42′E / 83.467°S 169.700°E / -83.467; 169.700) is a relatively smooth ice-covered heights, forming a peninsula-like divide between Beaver and King Glaciers at the north end of Queen Alexandra Range. Named by Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN) for Lieutenant Clarence T. Morris, U.S. Navy, aerology officer on the staff of the Commander, U.S. Naval Support Force, Antarctica, 1962 and 1963.