Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal
|Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal|
Obverse and reverse of the medal.
The Canadian reverse is on the right
|Awarded by the
Monarch of Australia, Monarch of Canada, Monarch of New Zealand, and Monarch of the United Kingdom
|Awarded for||Community contribution|
|Status||No longer awarded|
|Established||6 February 1977|
|Next (higher)||Dependent on state|
|Next (lower)||Dependent on state|
Ribbon of the Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal
The Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal (French: Médaille du jubilé de la reine Élisabeth II) was a commemorative medal created in 1977 to mark the twenty-fifth anniversary of Elizabeth II's accession in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. The medal was physically identical in all realms where it was awarded, save for Canada, where it contained unique elements. As an internationally distributed award, the Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal holds a different place in each country's order of precedence for honours.
Basis of award and numbers awarded
Until 1977, the practice for coronation and jubilee medals was for the United Kingdom authorities to decide on a total number of medals to be produced and allocate how many were to be distributed by each Dominion and possession across the British Empire, and later, to each Commonwealth country. From 1977, the award of the medals was at the discretion of each national government. Thus, 30,000 were distributed in Britain, 1,507 in New Zealand, 6,870 in Australia, and 30,000 in Canada.
The Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal in the UK was designed by David Wynne. It is in the form of a 32 millimetres (1.3 in) diameter silver disc with, on the obverse, the words ELIZABETH II DEI GRA. REGINA FID. DEF. (Latin abbreviation for "Elizabeth II, by the Grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith") surrounding an effigy of Queen Elizabeth II, symbolising her role as fount of honour. On the reverse is a crown atop a wreath that contains the words THE 25th YEAR OF THE REIGN OF QUEEN ELIZABETH II 6 February 1977 in six lines.
The Canadian version was identical, except that the medal was slightly thicker, the crown on the Queen's effigy was more upright, and the reverse bore a stylised maple leaf with CANADA above and the Royal Cypher below.
Both versions of the medal are worn on the left chest, suspended from a bar on a 31.8 millimetres (1.25 in) wide white ribbon with cardinal red bands along the edges, each 1mm wide, and a 7mm wide garter blue stripe down the centre, bisected by another 1mm wide line of cardinal red; the colours carried on the tradition for jubilee medals. Like the Police Long Service and Good Conduct Medal and Queen's Police Medal, medal bars were also available. A certificate was also given with the medal.
Eligibility and allocation
The Canadian medal was intended to award individuals who had been deemed to have made a significant contribution to their fellow citizens, their community or to Canada. So that all regions of the country would be recognised equally, the federal, provincial, and civic governments all forwarded names to Rideau Hall, as did private organisations in the fields of the arts, sports, philanthropy, and charity. The full membership of the Order of Canada and Order of Military Merit, as well as all recipients of Canadian Bravery Decorations received the Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal automatically, while for members of the Canadian Forces, merit with length of service and prestige of current appointment was considered.
The 30,000 medals awarded within the United Kingdom included 9,000 to armed forces personnel, with others given to members of the Royal Household and to people engaged in a wide range of activities, including industry, trade, local services, voluntary work, the arts, entertainment and sport.
Some orders of precedence are as follows:
- Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal
- Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal
- Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal
- New Zealand Defence Force. "Medals Categories > British Commonwealth Coronation and Jubilee Medals > The Silver Jubilee Medal 1977". Retrieved 1 November 2009.
- McCreery, Christopher (2012). Commemorative medals of the Queen's reign in Canada, 1952–2012. Toronto: Dundurn Press. p. 127. ISBN 9781459707566.
- Cole, Howard N (1977). Coronation and Royal Commemorative Medals. London: J. B. Hayward & Son. p. 55.
- Department of National Defence. "DH&R Home > Canadian Honours Chart > Sacrifice Medal (SM)". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 2 September 2009.
- Veterans Affairs Canada. "Canada Remembers > Records & Collections > Canadian Orders, Medals and Decorations > Canadian Military Medals and Decorations > Commemorative Medals > Queen Elizabeth II Jubilee Medal (1977)". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 1 November 2009.
- Cole 1977, p. 56