Queen Elizabeth University Hospital
|Queen Elizabeth University Hospital|
|NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde|
The entrances to the adults and children's facilities.
|Location||1345 Govan Road, Govan, Glasgow, Scotland|
|Care system||NHS Scotland|
|Affiliated university||Glasgow Caledonian University|
|Emergency department||Yes (and Major Trauma)|
Spinal cord injury
|Other links||List of hospitals in Scotland|
The Queen Elizabeth University Hospital (QEUH) is a 1,677-bed acute hospital located in Govan in the south-west of Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom. The hospital is built on the site of the former Southern General Hospital and opened at the end of April 2015. The hospital comprises a newly built 1,109-bed adult hospital, a 256-bed children’s hospital and two major Emergency Departments, one for adults and one for children, in addition to buildings retained from the former hospital. There is also an Immediate Assessment Unit for local GPs and out-of-hours services, to send patients directly, without having to be processed through the Emergency Department.
The retained buildings include maternity services, the Institute of Neurological Sciences and the Langlands Unit for medicine of the elderly and rehabilitation. The facility is operated by NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde.
While some parts of the Queen Elizabeth University Hospital have their own distinct identity and dedicated specialist staff, such as the Royal Hospital for Children, each is completely integrated with linkages for patient transfer, diagnostic services, emergency care and even a rapid access lift from the emergency helicopter pad on the roof of the adult hospital. For example, the new children’s hospital is not only linked to the adult hospital but also both the adult and children’s hospitals are linked to the redeveloped maternity building and to the Neurosciences Institute.
The hospital hosts services relocated from the Western Infirmary, the Victoria Infirmary including the Mansion House facility, some services from Royal Infirmary and a range of inpatient services from Gartnavel Hospital, Glasgow. In addition, the Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow, previously based at Yorkhill, was moved to a new building adjoining the adult hospital and renamed the "Royal Hospital for Children, Glasgow".
The adult hospital, children's hospital and laboratory buildings were designed by Nightingale Associates, with construction carried out by Brookfield Multiplex, who previously built Wembley Stadium. In 2008, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde submitted a business case to the Scottish Government for a new acute hospital to replace facilities at the Western Infirmary and Victoria Infirmary, and to relocate the Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow, to a new building adjoining the new adult hospital. Designs were unveiled for the hospital campus in November 2009, with public funding being approved.
At the time of construction the hospital, originally named the South Glasgow University Hospital, was Scotland's largest ever publicly funded NHS construction project, costing £842 million to build. it was built on and around site of the old Southern General Hospital, with construction starting in early 2011. Originally to be called South Glasgow University Hospital, it was granted the right to use the name "Queen Elizabeth University hospital" by Queen Elizabeth II. It was originally hoped the new hospital would be ready by 2014, but medical services did not start to be transferred until April 2015, when the first services began being transferred from other hospitals and was fully operational by summer 2016.
As part of the design process, the colour scheme of the hospital was designed to help staff and visitors find their way around. Each floor in both the adults and children's buildings have a clearly identifiable colour and many works of distinctive art are displayed to give useful landmarks which can act as signposts. The use of therapeutic colour schemes throughout the hospital has been carefully selected by interior design specialists to soothe, reduce stress and enhance well being.
A physical above ground link for patients and staff from the main building into the Maternity and Neurosciences Institute buildings was constructed, allowing most of the campus to be traversed without going outside. The main hospital facilities are also linked to the laboratory buildings via an underground tunnel and pneumatic tube system.
The retained buildings from the former hospital, notably the Institute of Neurological Sciences, have also started to receive external and internal refurbishment, with the buildings currently in the process of having cosmetic panel cladding applied to the outside in order to bring their appearance in-line with the new hospital buildings. The modernisation plan for the Institute of Neurological Sciences within hospital will cost £40 million.
Services include both adult and children's Emergency Departments, Adult & Paediatric Critical Care, Coronary Care, Immediate Assessment Unit (IAU), Dermatology, ENT, General Medicine (including sub-specialties), General Surgery (including sub-specialties), Medicine for the Elderly (including Assessment, Rehabilitation and Day Services), Gynaecology, Neonatal Paediatrics, Obstetrics, Ophthalmology, Orthopaedic Surgery, Urology, Physically Disabled Rehabilitation and Continuing Care. Other services include Audiology, Clinical Psychology, Dietetics, Occupational Therapy, ECG, Physiotherapy, Radiology (including MRI and CT provision for the general hospital service), Speech Therapy and Clinical Neurophysiology (Including EEG, EMG and evoked potentials).
The 14 floor adult hospital building is one of the largest acute hospitals in the UK and home to major specialist services such as renal medicine, transplantation and vascular surgery, with Critical Care, Theatre and Diagnostic Services.
The adult hospital features 1,109 patient rooms. Rooms within general wards have an external window view. Each room is equipped with private shower and toilet facilities in addition to entertainment such as television and radio. The first floor houses a 500-seat hot food restaurant and a separate cafe. The atrium features shops and banking machines and a lift system that automatically guides users to the lift that will take them to their destination most efficiently.
In addition to a canteen and coffee shop, the atrium in the adult hospital building also contains retail outlets including include: Marks & Spencer; W H Smith; Camden Food co; and Souped Up & Juiced. There are also cash machines located in the hospital.
The Royal Hospital for Children, while retaining a somewhat separate identity, is adjoined and integrated with the adult hospital. With 256 beds and five floors, it replaced the Royal Hospital for Sick Children located in Yorkhill, Glasgow.
The children’s facility provides a large number of specialist services to the West of Scotland and the wider population of Scotland in addition to the full range of secondary care services to people of Greater Glasgow and Clyde. Specialist services include: cardiology and cardiac surgery, renal and bone marrow transplantation. For a number of these specialised services, the children's facility is recognised as the sole provider in Scotland.
The building features 244 paediatric beds with a further 12 neonatal beds in the maternity unit next door. The vast majority of the paediatric beds are in single rooms with space for overnight accommodation for parents. The hospital also features a cinema - the Medicinema, Science Centre interactive activity walls funded by the Yorkhill Children’s Charity, indoor and outdoor play areas and a roof garden.
The roof garden play area has been shut for almost a year amid health and safety concerns.
The design includes a part covered roof garden where young patients can enjoy a range of activities in the fresh air including a stage where theatrical productions can be held. There will also be the ability for children to be brought out to the roof garden in their beds. The hospital has a 47-seat cinema, which was built in partnership with MediCinema costing around £250,000 to install. In addition to the 47 seats the facility serves patients in wheelchairs and beds.
The new children’s hospital is a mix of four-bedded and single-bedded accommodation with ensuite.
Institute of Neurological Sciences
The Institute of Neurosciences provides Neurosurgical, Neurological, Clinical Neurophysiology, Neuroradiological, Neuropathology and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery facilities for the West of Scotland. Attached to the institute is The Queen Elizabeth National Spinal Unit for Scotland which provides a spinal injuries service to the whole of Scotland. This is housed in a purpose-built facility attached to the Institute of Neurosciences.
The institute is where the Glasgow Coma Scale was devised by Graham Teasdale and Bryan J. Jennett in 1974.
Approximately 60% of the unit's workload is emergency care.
NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde has centralised most of its laboratory services at the laboratory and facilities management building. The building hosts medical laboratory space to support blood sciences, medical genetics, medical pathology and microbiology. It also houses the hospitals facilities management offices and staff. The mortuary is also based here and is located in the basement.
The facilities management centre provides a hub for the automated guided vehicles to collect and deliver supplies to, and remove waste from, the hospital.
It is staffed by more than 800 people and processes results from hospitals in the health board area and around Scotland, in addition to undertaking research. The laboratory cost £90M and opened in 2012.
The medicine for the elderly unit is housed in the Langlands Building at the southern end of the hospital campus and contains wards 51 through 57. The building is linked to the rest of the hospital via a link bridge.
The maternity unit, retained from the previous hospital, is situated directly across from the children's hospital facilities.
The campus features an "Arrival Square" which is located at the front entrance of the adult hospital and is intended to function as the hospital's transport interchange. With patient drop-off zones, access to bus services serving the city and its suburbs, a boardwalk connecting the adult and children’s hospitals and a taxi stand. Around 90 buses an hour service the facility. 500 bicycle racks are provided for those cycling to the campus.
The parking arrangements on the site have been criticised by staff as there are currently only around 3,000 free bays for over 10,000 staff.
Automated guided vehicles
The adult, children and laboratory buildings within the hospital are equipped with a fleet of 26 of automated guided vehicles (AGVs) to carry supplies, using dedicated lifts and a network of underground tunnels.
The dedicated lifts that are used by the robots are separated for clean and dirty goods and travel in non public corridors.
At loading bays located in the basement and ground floor of the laboratory building where goods including kitchen materials, linen and medical supplies are delivered, the AGVs pick up assigned cargo, call a lift and head for the appropriate floor.
The vehicles begin operation when a member of staff scans cargo to be picked up. The AGVs then track their target as they make their way through the hospital. Once an AVG has completed its task it then returns to the charge docking station where it can be fully charged in 30 minutes.
The fleet is estimated to have cost £1.3 million.
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