|Queen consort of Joseon|
|Tenure||1681 – 5 March 1688|
|Successor||Queen Bu-Ok (deposed)|
|Tenure||1694 – 16 September 1701|
|Predecessor||Queen Bu-Ok (deposed)|
|Born||15 May 1667|
Yeoju, Gyeonggi Province, Kingdom of Joseon
|Died||16 September 1701 (aged 34)|
Changdeok Palace, Kingdom of Joseon
Myeongreung, Gyeonggi Province
|Spouse||King Sukjong of Joseon|
|Mother||Lady Song of the Eunjin Song clan|
|Revised Romanization||Inhyeon Wanghu|
Queen Inhyeon (Hangul: 인현왕후, Hanja: 仁顯王后) (15 May 1667 – 16 September 1701) was the second queen consort of King Sukjong of Joseon and one of the best known Queens of the Joseon Dynasty. Her life has been portrayed in many Korean historical dramas.
She married King Sukjong as his second Queen Consort in 1681, at the age of 14. When so-ui Jang Ok-jeong produced a son in 1688, it created a bloody dispute called Gisa literati purges (기사사화). During this time, Sukjong wanted to give this eldest son (entitled the wonja, literally the "First Son") the title of "Crown Prince" and wanted to promote Lady Jang from So-ui to Hui-bin.
This action was opposed by the Noron faction, who supported Queen Inhyeon led by Song Si-yeol, and this was supported by the Soron faction, who supported Lady Jang. Sukjong became angry at the opposition, and many were killed including Song Si-yeol. Many, including Inhyeon and her family, were forced into exile. Queen Inhyeon was deposed, while Jang so-ui became Jang hui-bin, and then became the third Queen Consort.
Later in 1694, Sukjong, feeling remorse at his temperamental actions, gave in to a movement for Inhyeon's reinstatement, which was led by the Soron (this event was called the Gapsul Hwanguk (갑술환국,甲戌換局)) She was brought back to the palace and was reinstated as Queen Consort, with Lady Jang being demoted to hui-bin.
In 1701, aged 34, she became ill and died of an unknown disease (some sources say that she was poisoned).
It has been said that Sukjong, while mourning for Inhyeon, dreamed of her in a sobok dress drenched with blood. Sukjong asked Inhyeon of how she died, but Inhyeon didn't say anything, but pointed in to the direction of Jang Hui-bin's chambers. Sukjong awoke, then went into Jang's chambers. While approaching, he heard music and sounds of laughter. Eavesdropping, he saw Jang Hui-bin with Shamanist priestesses in her chambers, praying for the Queen's death, while striking a figurine with arrows. When this was discovered by Sukjong, Lady Jang was executed for her actions by poison.
One of the Queen's ladies in waiting wrote a book called Inhyeon Wanghu Jeon (Hangul: 인현왕후전, Hanja: 仁顯王后傳, Queen Inhyeon's Story), which still exists today. She is buried in Myeongreung (명릉,明陵) in Gyeonggi Province, and Sukjong was later buried near her in the same area. She has no issue to Sukjong.
- Father: Min Yu-jung (1630 – 1687) (민유중)
- Grandfather: Min Gwang-hun (1595 – 1659) (민광훈)
- Grandmother: Lady Lee of the Yeonan Lee clan (연안 이씨)
- Mother: Lady Song of the Eunjin Song clan (1637 – 1672) (은진 송씨)
- Grandfather: Song Jun-gil (28 December 1606 – 2 December 1672) (송준길)
- Grandmother: Lady Jeong of the Jinju Jeong clan (진주 정씨)
- Brother: Min Jin-hu (1659 – 1720) (민진후)
- Brother: Min Jin-won (1664 – 1736) (민진원)
- Sister: Lady Min of Yeoheung Min clan (1656 – 1728) (여흥 민씨)
- Sister: Lady Min of Yeoheung Min clan (1672 – 1714) (여흥 민씨)
- Husband: King Sukjong of Joseon (7 October 1661 – 12 July 1720) (조선 숙종)
Full posthumous name
- Hyogyeong Sukseong Jangsun Wonhwa Uiyeol Jeongmok Inhyeon Wanghu
Inhyeon's eldest brother Min Jin-hu's great-great-great-granddaughter would eventually marry Inhyeon's step-great-great-great-great-adoptive-grandson, the future Emperor Gojong of the Korean Empire, becoming the famous Empress Myeongseong. Emperor Gojong's mother, Lady Yeoheung, was also a member of the Yeoheung Min clan (a great-great-granddaughter of Inhyeon's second brother Min Jin-won).
In popular culture
- Portrayed by Jo Mi Ryung in the 1961 movie Jang Hee Bin
- Portrayed by Tae Hyun-sil in the 1968 film Femme Fatale, Jang Hee-bin.
- Portrayed by Kim Min-jung[disambiguation needed] in the 1971 MBC TV series Jang Hee Bin.
- Portrayed by Lee Hye-sook in the 1981 MBC TV series Women of History:Jang Hui Bin.
- Portrayed by Park Soon Ae in the 1988 MBC TV series 500 Years of Joseon:Queen In Hyeon.
- Portrayed by Kim Woon Hee in the 1995 SBS TV series Jang Hee Bin.
- Portrayed by Park Soon Young in the 2002-2003 KBS TV series Royal Story:Jang Hee Bin.
- Portrayed by Park Ha-sun in the 2010 MBC TV series Dong Yi.
- Portrayed by Kim Hae In in the 2012 tvN TV series Queen and I.
- Portrayed by Hong Soo-hyun in the 2013 SBS TV series Jang Ok-jung, Living by Love.
- Entitled as "Internal Prince Yeoyang" (여양부원군).
- Entitled as "Lady Eunseong, Princess Consort to the Internal Prince" (Hangul: 은성부부인)
- So-ui is the 3rd highest title for a King's concubine.
- Bin (translated as "Royal Noble Consort") is the highest title for a King's concubine, just under the Queen.
- Great-great-great-grandfather of Empress Myeongseong.
- "Femme Fatale, Jang Hee-bin (Yohwa, Jang Hee-bin) (1968)". Korean Movie Database. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
| Queen consort of Joseon
1681 – 5 March 1688
Queen Bu-Ok (deposed)
Queen Bu-Ok (deposed)
| Queen consort of Joseon
1694 – 16 September 1701